2. The British History Podcast . Fills the gaps between Hardcore History releases. Jamie does a weekly, very deep dive into the whole of British history, starting from prehistory up through (currently) Alfred the Great. He's a bit more funny and sarcastic than Dan is, but you still end up learning a great deal.
3. Escape Pod . Science fiction short stories covering a wide range within the genre.
I have since found Mike Duncan's History of Rome and Revolutions, and I much prefer his writing and delivery, including his occasional dead pan humor. I can listen to him for hours on end. (Note: the early episodes of History of Rome are not representative, he and his equipment have much improved in the first year).
Science and engineering topics in the form of interviews with domain experts (often on site). Some episodes in German language, many in English. If you want to spend 2h learning about fusion and plasma or how batteries work or how airbus builds planes or what goes into a radar satellite... this is for you.
Alex and Brent, 2 managers at Microsoft, discuss how not to lead teams and how not to do testing. By discuss, I mean rant along in a productive manner.
Good podcast, has lost some steam for me lately, but many early episodes are good for people who are new to the show.
Software Engineering Radio.
Has a great backlist of episodes on topics like architecture, type systems, database systems ... definitly one where it makes sense to look through the archive instead of just subscribing.
Software Engineering Daily.
Used to subscribe, but lately the episodes feel more like infomercials where 50% of the time is spent by the guests pitching their product. Did enjoy the earlier episodes though.
Podcasts to make you smarter (49 comments 10 days ago) https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=14737772
Ask HN: What Podcasts are you listening right now and why? (77 comments 28 days ago) https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=14616998
Ask HN: What podcasts are you listening to? (62 comments 40 days ago) https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=14529759
The Talk Show - Similar to ATP, but slightly more serious and with rotating guests
Pardon My Take - a humorous sports podcast. It’s kind of juvenile, but it’s growing on me.
Best of Mike and Mike - a semi-serious sports podcast. This one’s about to end, unfortunately.
Stuff You Should Know - funny but informative info about random topics you never realized you wanted to know about
Hardcore History - super long and rarely released episodes, but he gives an amazing in depth look at various historical battles. WWI, the Persian Wars, the Cold War 1945-1965, and the Anabaptist uprising are free now, and are all awesome.
They interview founders of successful companies and talk about the very beginnings of their companies and how they started them.
You hear about the humble beginnings of AirBnB, Mark Cuban, WeWork, Lyft. All really cool stories of starting businesses.
What Trump can teach us about con law (from Roman Mars of 99PI): https://www.radiotopia.fm/podcasts/trump-con-law
50 Things that made the Modern Economy (Tim Harford): http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04b1g3c/episodes/downloads
Internet History Podcast: http://www.internethistorypodcast.com/
You are not so smart: https://youarenotsosmart.com/podcast/
Unjustly Maligned: https://www.theincomparable.com/ump/
Financial Times: World Weekly, The Money Show, Alphachat
BBC: The World This Week, Analysis, In Our Time, Infinite Monkey Cage, The Public Philosopher, A History of Ideas
Philosophy: The Partially Examined Life, Philosophy Bites,
The Philosopher's Zone, The History of Philosophy Without any Gaps
The Carnegie Podcast
Guardian Science Weekly
No Agenda - http://www.noagendashow.com/
The Dividing Line - http://www.aomin.org/aoblog/webcast/
The Adam Morgan Show - https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/the-adam-morgan-show/id1...
The Briefing / Thinking in Public - http://www.albertmohler.com/the-briefing/
The Startup Chat https://thestartupchat.com/ is a close second.
Startup School by Seth Godin was a limited 15 episode production of a event he did, this is also really good.
A Cast of Kings -- Game of Thrones episode discussion
My Favorite Murder -- Semi-descriptive title, but they talk about their favorite murders
Not Alone Podcast -- Podcast about things going bump in the night
Startups for the Rest of Us -- A marketing podcast aimed at micropreneurs
Last Podcast on the Left -- Comedy/oddly well researched show about Aliens, Murder, and anything else macabre or strange
The Adventure Zone -- A podcast about 3 brothers and their dad playing DnD
Strange Matters -- Another "things that go bump in the night" sort-of podcast
I have about 30 podcasts that I follow, but some of them I won't listen to if the subject doesn't interest me. These, however, I will listen to every episode (I'm putting off the final episode of "The Adventure Zone...") as soon as they come out.
General: Radiolab, 99% Invisible, Revisionist History, Snap Judgement, This American Life
Amusing: No Such Thing as a Fish, RHLSTP, Adam Buxton Podcast
Listening to with my daughter: The Tumble, Brains On!
 The game? Crashlands - https://www.crashlands.net
Also good is The Bright Sessions, also fiction, about a psychologist for people with superpowers. Also start at the beginning of this one.
A new one that's quite interesting is Ear Hustle, produced by and about the inmates of San Quentin prison. It's a fascinating look into the reality of prison life.
And then I'll second the recommendations for Hardcore History (snag The Prophets of Doom episode while it's still free, it's great) and 99% Invisible.
News or weekly roundup: Slate's Political Gabfest, Slate Money
Others: Two Dope Queens (comedy), History of Japan, Dan Carlin
The Adventure Zone - funny people playing DnD
Song Exploder - bands rip apart their music and explain their process, often channel by channel
And ... Planet Money, Reply All, This American Life, More Perfect, What Trump Can Teach Us About Con Law, Data Skeptic, Arms Control Wonk, The Mystery Show
Data Driven Discussions (new podcast)
Linear Digressions (good shorter discussions)
Pod Save America (awesome)
Coaching for Leaders (great interviews, the best soft skills podcast I've found)
Software Engineering Daily (a little hard to keep up, mostly listen to specific topics)
a16z (general trends)
Planet Money - Current events and finance
Astronomy Cast - Long-running podcast with each episode about a topic in astronomy
Death Sex & Money - Human interest stories
On The Media - Current events
Love and Radio - Human interest stories
Welcome to Night Vale - Weird scifi-ish stories in a newscast format
It may be too technical/specific for the general listener, but there's a lot there regarding risk management and personal awareness, which applies broadly.
Daily listening: Marketplace, Planet Money.
Masters of Scale with Reid Hoffman
How I built this - Interviews with entrepreneurs
Freakonomics - Very good
The Tim Ferriss Show - Lots of interesting people come on the show
* Savage Lovecast: Frank Sex and Relationship Advice
* 99 Percent Invisible: Design
So Money by FARNOOSH
The WW1 series he made - amazing!
Pretty much all are comedy except Chapo, which is a leftist political show.