The studies I'm familiar with didn't mention loneliness, but rather the social responsibility.
If you are talking about the pill sure, but there are forms of birth control that date to ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, And China. Not to say these methods were effective and the book of Genesis did regress things a little with God slaying Onan for practicing the old pull out method, teaching that procreation is for reproduction only.
But look up Matriarchy. There are lots of shades.