The transistor initially received very minor media coverage.
For years the laser was derided as a solution looking for a problem.
1990 was a momentous year in world events. In February,
Nelson Mandela was freed after 27 years in prison. In April, the space shuttle
Discovery carried the Hubble Space Telescope into orbit. And in October,
Germany was reunified. Then at the end of 1990, a revolution took place that
changed the way we live today.
> We're sorry, but we were unable to find the topic you were looking for. Perhaps the URL you clicked on is out of date or broken?
From: ti...@nxoc01.cern.ch (Tim Berners-Lee)
Date: 20 Aug 91 01:54:41 GMT
Local: Mon, Aug 19 1991 9:54 pm
Subject: WorldWideWeb wide-area hypertext app available
The WorldWideWeb application is now available as an alpha release in source and binary form from info.cern.ch.
WorldWideWeb is a hypertext browser/editor which allows one to read information from local files and remote servers. It allows hypertext links to be made and traversed, and also remote indexes to be interrogated for lists of useful documents. Local files may be edited, and links made from areas of text to other files, remote files, remote indexes, remote index searches, internet news groups and articles. All these sources of information are presented in a consistent way to the reader. For example, an index search returns a hypertext document with pointers to documents matching the query. Internet news articles are displayed with hypertext links to other referenced articles and groups.
The code is not strictly public domain: it is copyright CERN (see copyright notice is in the .tar), but is free to collaborating institutes.
Also available is a portable line mode browser which allows hypertext to be browsed by anyone with a dumb ascii terminal emulator. Hypertext may be made public by putting on an anonymous FTP server, or by using a HTTP daemon. A skeleton HTTP daemon is also available in source form. A server may be written to make other existing data readable by WWW browsers. Files are
/pub/WWWNeXTStepEditor_0.12.tar.Z NeXT application + sources
/pub/WWWLineMode_0.11.tar.Z Portable Line Mode Browser
/pub/WWWDaemon_0.1.tar.Z Simple server
This project is experimental and of course comes without any warranty whatsoever. However, it could start a revolution in information access. We are currently using WWW for user support at CERN. We would be very interested in comments from anyone trying WWW, and especially those making other data available, as part of a truly world-wide web.
Tim Berners-Lee ti...@info.cern.ch
World Wide Web project Tel: +41(22)767 3755
CERN Fax: +41(22)767 7155
1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland
Groups link was: http://groups.google.com/group/comp.sys.next.announce/browse...
edit: and from the monthly archive for Aug 1991 it looks like the TBL message dated 20 Aug 1991 has just... gone!
Note: NEXTSTEP required. Runs pretty well in VMWare.
If you're running a VM you'll want the "33fat" (fat binary) one.
Also here is the Obj-C source code: http://www.w3.org/History/1991-WWW-NeXT/Implementation/
He has a gift for statement (not over or under).
Then at some point Wired magazine removed their archives from gopher and put them on WWW. At first I was like "fuck you Wired" but then I was like "actually this WWW thing isn't so bad after all."
I was 12, playing on BBS' and attempting to teach myself Turbo Pascal so I could possibly write IGM's for Legend of the Red Dragon...
One day I came back and found the dip switches epoxied in the 2 minute position.
The wall fell. I was in Germany. It was nuts.
The Internet didn't reach me until about 1995 ...
Meanwhile, people at CERN were building the very foundation of what my livelihood would one day be.
But, at least for me, it was a year or two later, in college, when I got hooked on programming. Strangely enough, I don't really even remember exactly how it all started. I just remember starting to buy and read Computer Shopper magazine regularly; and then I was building a PC, getting a modem, playing around on BBS systems, getting into the hack/phreak scene, buying Herbert Schildt's book "Teach Yourself C" and downloading a C compiler from a BBS or something, deciding to major in Computer Science instead of Physics, and the rest is history.
Man how times have changed.
Can we have another one or the message's title?
This sucks. Why would anybody switch from Gopher?
I didn't see TBL's pitch myself at that time, but the senior people on the project did, and they showed me the lame terminal browser. NeXT was the only graphical browser available. I agreed with them that hypertext was too unstructured. Give it to regular people and you'd have chaos.
When Mosaic introduced the IMG tag and people could actually embed images in hypertext, that's when the demos started to get impressive and the web took off.
A NeXT Computer was used by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN to develop the world's first web server software, CERN HTTPd, and also used to write the first web browser, WorldWideWeb. This workstation became the world's first web server on the Internet.
The code is not strictly public domain: it is copyright
CERN (see copyright notice is in the .tar), but is free
to collaborating institutes.
Not the best alternative for sure but at least a thousand times easier to pronounce.
Plus it sure was enjoyable to watch people on television stumble through double-U double-U double-U dot...
However, Tim Berners-Lee is English (born in London), and the CERN is located in Genève, in the French-speaking part of Switzerland. In French, 'w' is pronounced "double-vé" (quick & dirty phonetic translation would be "doobleh-vay" in English). Neither English nor French really make pronouncing "www" easy.
I tried to find out how 'w' is pronounced in German, but I didn't have much luck. Does anybody knows?
I do wish that I would have been more in the 10-11 year old range. So much excellent stuff happened that year - just a few months after that, the Minnesota Twins won the series.