Life of the author unless the author dies within 20 years of start of initial copyright in which case immediate family can extend by 20 more years, giving offspring, spouse etc, a chance to gain income from a deceased's work. (i chose 20 years because that would be baby to adult in the case of offspring).
Companies: 20 years then stfu. Remember, they can still sell their product, and they could come up with a scheme to mark it original or authentic, like wines and foods now do.
About companies this is what I think: If Mickey Mouse goes off copyright, sure there would be copycats making Mickey toys and not paying royalties/fees.
Possibly somebody non-Disney approved would be making a Mickey Mouse movie.
However, Disney could still be certifying approved toys(Nintendo seal worked quite well, there were non Nintendo cartridges but they were hard to find and generally horrible , I was tinking Custer's Revenge - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Custer%27s_Revenge but that was a non Atari approved cartridge).
And if someone can make a new Mickey movie that stands along Fantasia then more power to them is what I say. Disney has been sitting on Mickey laurels for too long.
Atari didn't approve cartridges. That's exactly how something like Custer's Revenge got made.
Nintendo didn't just approve cartridges by attaching a sticker to them, there was a protection chip inside (sold to the manufacturer by Nintendo) that allowed access to the NES. The reverse-engineering of this chip led to lawsuits:
You're conflating trademark and copyright. They're two different things.
The copyright on Steamboat Willie expiring means that the cartoon, Steamboat Willie, falls into the public domain. That doesn't mean that anyone can make "copycat" Mickey Mouse toys, infringing on Disney's trademark.
You are correct, but then there is even less sense for Steamboat Willie to be still copyrighted (besides the obvious use in opening credits of recent Disney features, which the cynical me thinks is some attempt to extend the copyright protection not just a homage to the humble beginnings).
If the MM toys still have trademark protection why shouldn't Steamboat Willie go to public domain?
I would assume it's Disney's position that copyright terms should be indefinite. Such a policy allows them to indefinitely extract rents from the "assets" of "intellectual property" that their earlier works represent.
I don't agree with the position, morally, but from a purely practical perspective it makes sense that they'd want to maintain the value of these assets ad infinitum.
That's an odd shifting of the Overton Window. I would generally think that someone who was anti-copyright would start from the position that copyright shouldn't exist at all. And that someone who was very anti-copyright would be actively protesting against the law.
I do wish Baltics had something similar to ghost trains but I understand it is the privilege of richer countries.
The train infrastructure has fallen badly since Soviet times and it will be another 20 years until Rail Baltica https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rail_Baltica will be completed(that is politics and economics willing).
In 1930s you could take a train from Riga to Berlin in 14 hours(I have the original poster), from what I understand the only way you can make the same route is by going Riga-Moscow-Berlin which is not very convenient or making taking a lot of local trains http://www.seat61.com/Latvia.htm#Moving on
They're still not that common, at least in Copenhagen, partly because most apartments are pretty small, so space is at a premium. But in recent years I've seen combo washer/dryer units that reuse the same tumbler for both functions, so they take only the space of a normal washer.
As for the cost, well, many Danes have money to spare.
Another user of pinboard here (not a heavy user though). Are there any other examples of services that are simple and just work? Seems like this is the holy grail of SaaS - a simple service, barebones design, something that just works out of the box, happy customers. Great service.
After devouring Mondo 2000 in early 90s the early issues of Wired seemed sort of meh despite similar optimism.
When you were reading Mondo 2000, it seemed you were on the verge of participating in something great, the world was going to change (all hail Gibson) and you knew it better than those boring over the hill 30 year olds in suits.
I suppose it was the same feeling that teeenagers got from reading some punk zines of late 70s.
I think the European practice of having a candidate on a 3 month evaluation period(when it is easy to fire) and then having a job security afterwards seems a reasonable balance between employer and employee needs.
It is hard to pull wool over someone's eyes for 3 months especially in a results oriented field like programming.
It started innocently enough when I asked a friend for Akira tape and instead he gave me a badly but sufficiently subbed copy of Kimagure Orange Road from infamous quantity fansubbers Arctic Animation.
That lead to a local chapter of Cal-Animage (University of California anime club), where I eventually became an officer in charge of acquisitions and fansubbing.
At first I traded 3rd or 4th generation VHS tapes, but that was not to last.
I scoured obscure Japanese family stores in greater LA for new finds. I bought a LD player, a number of S-VHS recorders not to mention regular VHS and Beta decks.
I shelled out $500 for a Genlock for PC. I secretly envied those with Amigas whose equipment was better suited than PC.
I suppose the highlight was subbing of Evangelion episode 1. a week after a release in Japan and showing it at the club.
Reportedly I was responsible for kickstarting Fushigi Yuugi when my raw copies made it to Tomodachi Anime who were the big time fansubbers back then.
There was no money in it, most reputable fansubbers wouldn't charge more than a buck over reproduction costs and offered an option of sending in your own tapes.
Fansubbing was a team effort as it was rare for a single person to know enough Japanese and also possess the technical chops for editing/timing, producing.
Fansubbing seemed to start to die when pretty much everything seemed to be picked up by commercial companies but apparently it has never gone away.
These days I seldom watch anime, but when I do it usually is a dubbed version with my kids. And I realize that all those sub/dub wars were a bit silly.