youtube-dl gets updated very frequently and the version that comes with your distribution (ie, ubuntu) usually is out of date and doesn't work often on most sites. So its better to download from the source and update it using "youtube-dl -U"
I have some vps with digitalocean, I haven't logged in to them in a long time, even after shellshock surfaced publicly. about aftter a month later I checked to see if I am vulnerable through shellshocker.net test and it was negative. I am guessing my provider did something to fix it.
Have you considered you may be using a software stack that is not (obviously) vulnerable? Not every software is vulnerable by default on all URLs, just the ones that wind up calling out to bash in a specific way.
Yes that's the one I was talking about. Ran the test before and after updating. It was the same (negative). I ran the same test on the relative up todate home computer (Ubuntu) and it was vulnerable on some of the tests. This IS weird.
Ubuntu, for instance, has unattended-upgrade (that it defaults to on), the premise being that it will forcefully install and use critical security patches. Ideally you'd have done this yourself ASAP, but if not I have to think that unattended-upgrade came into play at some point.
Default means "the default when you install Ubuntu", not the unconfigured state of that process. For kernel and in-use things it would still require a restart, however maybe at some point DO forced a restart, even if unrelated.
but essentially you're likely to find many models of software (from large software vendors) with a lot of different models for how you can try / use / own it. My sense is that most commercial software vendors want you to use their software and want you to get it legitimately and want to find a way where you can pay what vaguely seems like it should be mutually agreeable (if you're using it educationally, there are often ways to get it for free, if you're a developer for a large organization, they want that organization to actually pay for it and support the value they're getting out of you using it).
I worked on MS Office and I once remember Sinofsky (then in charge of Office) once talking about the pricing structure of Office and saying nobody paid the ~$400 MSRP. People get it bundled with new computers, pay substantially lower upgrade fees, or something else. I don't remember if he went so far as to say "at some level, people pirate it" but that's a reality that only the really oblivious would ignore. The point is - try stuff out, see what you like, and try to figure out what makes you the most productive without worrying about "some day I won't be able to afford this" (but by all means you should also rabble-rouse if you find the prices for the software you use are unreasonable and inflexible).
I guess he meant that since apple ipad devices sells many orders of magnitude more than nexus devices, Apple can't be trying to steal Nexus's thunder; if anything it should be other way around.
Personally I have no opinion one way or another. They are all after your money and we here bitching about who is good at it. I am still happy with my three year old phone, and it does pretty much everything I need.