military (is China's Navy moving in the Pacific).
commercial (where I my oil tanker in relation to the storm), or
post-event (let's say tsunami or tornado. Electricity might be down, where to send ambulances and search for survivors)
For navy movement, spy satellites already existed in the 50s and got magnitudes better since then. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconnaissance_satellite
The research team identified ways to tokenized path finding algorithms for two tasks maze solving and sokoban (a game where a crate has to be pushed to goal) and then trained a model on the execution traces of these algorithms.
The insight this provided was that the "searchformer" model was about 26% faster than the traditional methods. If that is applied to Route-planning, Robotics, and Game Development, it could have tangible performance benefits.
IMHO, it is not a wild breakthrough but an interesting solution to a real-world problem.