Only Gist was blocked, not Github. It was a knee-jerk reaction to a court order after ISIS made a series of threats and some Indians were found to be in contact with the ISIS. All those sites were unblocked soon after.
Link bait title. The author is advertising his upcoming book.
The gist of the article is that anything other than Socialism is 'American'. Since when houses with concrete roofs, foreign brands, shopping malls, office buildings and being optimistic represent only America? The author needs to travel other parts of the world.
Articles like this which draw parallels between two countries often do disservice to both the countries. America is not all about consumerism and India is not all about a poor imitation of America.