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> * In reality the history was never linear to begin with. It is better to have a messy but realistic history if you want to trace back what happend and who did and tested what at what time. I prefer my code to be clean and my history to be correct.*

I disagree very very strongly with this. I wrote about this years ago at http://www.darwinweb.net/articles/the-case-for-git-rebase, but it's due to for an update to clarify my thinking.

Basically my beef is the idea that never rebasing is "true" history, and rebasing gives you "corrupt" or "whitewashed" history. In fact, the only thing you have weeks, months, years after pushing code is a logical history. It's not as if git automatically records every keystroke or every thought in someone's head—that would be an overwhelming amount of information and difficult to utilize anyway—instead it's all based on human decisions of what to commit and when. Rebasing doesn't "destroy" history, it's just a decision of where a commit goes that is distinct from the time it was first written, but in fact you lose almost no information—the original date is still there, and from that you can infer more or less where it originally branched from.

"But," you say, "surely complete retention of history is preferable to almost-complete retention?". Well, sure, all else being equal I would agree with that. But here's the crux of the issue: merging also loses information. What happens when you merge two conflicting commits is that bugs are swallowed up in merge commits rather than being pinned down to one changeset. This is true whether it is a literal merge conflict that git detects, or a silent logic error that no one discovers until the program blows up. With two branches merging that are logically incompatible, whose responsibility is it to fix their branch? Well, whoever merges last of course, and where does that fix happen under a never-rebase policy? In that single monstrous merge commit that can not be reasoned about or bisected.

But if you always rebase before merging to master, then the second integrator has to go back and correct each commit in the context of the new branch. In essence, they have to fix their work for the current state of the world, as if they had written it today. In this way each tweak is made where it is visible and bisectable instead of squashed into an intractable merge commit.

I get that there is some inconvenience around rebasing coordination and tooling integration (although GitHub PRs handle it pretty well), but the idea that the unadulterated original history has significant value is a straw man. If the branch as written was incompatible at the point it got merged, there is no value in retaining the history of that branch in an incompatible state because you won't be able to use it anyway. In extreme cases you might decide the entire branch is useless and just pitch it away entirely, and certainly no one is arguing to save history that doesn't make it onto master right?

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