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Yup. I'll give you most of that - there's a pretty big learning curve with SQLAlchemy.

But, taking the lazy joining example. Someone didn't understand how it worked and now you have to fix it, which is probably as simple as changing that loading strategy to something more suitable for the way you're using the data.

Let's rewind to the late 90s. If I wanted two tables of data to write into the page in an interlaced fashion I would look at how wide they were. I'd make a decision about using two queries or using one larger join. The two query approach was sometimes required due to the size of the data, but it meant cryptic output logic to track positions of cursors relative to each other. The single joined query was simpler to deal with, but still required tracking a last_parent_id so you could swap during the interlacing.

Other developers (those same ones that didn't understand lazy joining) would loop over the first query, running extra queries in the loop (I saw this a lot). Same bad performance as the lazy join.

When you discovered this issue in the code it was a total pain to fix. You're talking about rewriting whole load of code to the point of being unrecognisable from the code you started with.

Contrast that with how easy it is to fix in the SQLAlchemy case. I mostly don't worry about loading strategies now until I'm deep in development. Something's running a bit slow, take a look at some logs, tweak a couple of things and you're golden again. That's such a powerful abstraction.

Regarding the config of the engines etc, again, it's something you need to learn. But really, someone's starting an application from scratch and they just want to dump some code in to handle all their db interactions, but they don't want to know how it works? That's on them, either learn it or use the sensible defaults (in, for example, flask-sqlalchemy).

SQLAlchemy ORM separates you from what's underneath, but it's an ORM, that's kind of the point. If you need to be closer to the metal, use SQLAlchemy Core.

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