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Hey Paul Graham Stop Picking on Programmers (larrysalibra.com)
44 points by larrysalibra on Dec 28, 2014 | hide | past | favorite | 7 comments

For being extremely bright, programmers don't seem to really get what the immigration debate and the push to get everyone programming are meant to accomplish. The one overarching goal is reduce the cost of labor.

Outside of the executive suite, most positions within a company are fairly easy to fill. Filling engineering positions are difficult because not only does the person have to have the right technical chops, but he/she must also be a good fit for the organization. This is why engineers make more than finance, sales (excluding B2B field account executives), marketing, and operations.

If VCs and companies could flood the market with engineers, regardless where they are from, it would make hiring one much more cost effective. In medicine and law, there are barriers to entry to prevent this type of flooding to occur (i.e. education, licensing exams). This keeps wages at decently high level for those participating.

My suggestion for engineers is to quietly and deliberately create barriers to entry. You could leverage licensing exams, college degrees, and even citizenship requirements. Otherwise, within 10 years, you will find it a significantly different employment environment.

I don't agree with creating barriers to entry, because in the end it makes everyone worse off, but agree with your analysis - most programmers don't understand that a game is being played let alone how to play it. Thanks for commenting!

PG's argument is that there are only 10 great programmers, but 20 companies that need a great programmer, so no salary increase will solve this. Having only 10 companies work is a loss to society at large.

His second argument is that if the US won't let in great programmers from around the world, some other place will, and the US will lose its tech lead.

His 3rd argument is that imported programmers have higher than average costs.

I fail to see any of these arguments reasonably answered in this article.

The companies that are able to get the best deal, get the 10 programmers, the other companies hire less than ideal programmers. The benefits of their skills accrue to the 10 superstar programmers who make a fortune (at the expense of the investors in the companies that didn't get them) and go on to self-fund their own companies. More people in USA are attracted to programming as a profession (instead of banking, medicine, etc) because they see how well they can do if they're good, increasing the future supply of great developers.

This is how it works now (except for H1B).

What PG suggests is that in this situation, the benefits should accrue to the investors in the other companies - which just serves to concentrate wealth.

He's concerned HE and HIS industry will lose their tech lead because some superstar programmers end up getting paid millions a year (like top bankers) and become independently wealthy without bringing PG et al along for the ride.

Re argument #2 who cares what country "leads the world"? I don't want to see individual programmers taken advantage of at the expense of VCs (or other groups) and told "but its for the greater good of the country"

Re argument #3 they don't have average higher costs -> see many articles on h1-b abuse http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2008-10-08/high-rate-of-...

The basic point Graham is making: the US (still) have a dominant position in software, and the only way to keep that position is to open the doors for those that strengthen that position. Grahams piece is a wakeup call: the US may fall!

The author, Larry Salibra, does not imagine what the US stands to lose, he goes on talking about equal rights, citing lawyers. Yet who wants to hire experts in a foreign legal system? Very few. Likewise doctors do not form thriving multinationals worth trillions to the US. And construction workers do not show the differences in value programmers do. All his examples are flawed.

So Larry Salibra is a dangerous fool who thinks Paul Graham can't think straight. He'll gladly walk the US to its doom.

See https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=8809829

I've never had anyone before suggest I have the power to walk the United States to its doom. I am both humbled and honored! Thank you!

I wonder how Paul Graham would feel about opening up immigration to more VC investors?

BTW... don't you think the "doom" thing is a bit over the top? I certainly do.

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