If you have, say, 50 lines of assignment and you align all the values to the largest one, adding one forces you to update 50 lines. I've been faced with those very situations and that is when I understood how important it is not to align values like that.
> Formatting change. Use `wdiff` to confirm that changes are just stylistic
The reviewer runs `wdiff` and confirms that the commit is just a formatting change. If the language is not layout-aware, then he will know that none of the changes are "semantic". Now he can look over the changed lines themselves (not necessarily with `diff`; just looking at the changed lines themselves) and see if the change is worth it/in line with the project.
PS: Maybe there should be a "column diff", something that checks that one file uses the same alignment as another file. I'm not able to show it here since HN will truncate spaces between words ( ;) ), but the point is to check if two files uses the same alignment, for example that in
> var v = 12
the next variable declaration, the numbers line up. I don't know if that is worth it, and the check would only be valid for some parts of the files.
You can fantasize about better diffs. Why isn't a diff applied directly to the abstract syntax trees of a language, for example? However, I think part of the robustness of version control systems comes from keeping things simple, namely line-based diffs, and with that comes a preference for keeping line-based diffs short.