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The Great Microservices vs. Monolithic Apps Twitter Melee (highscalability.com)
42 points by Garbage on Aug 20, 2014 | hide | past | web | favorite | 18 comments



Anyone else tired of people arguing complex concepts in tweets? So hard to read. People don't usually talk in single sentences.


Yes, extremely. I receive questions from time to time for which the answer is complicated (and if I simplify the answer, the important nuance will be lost). I usually write my response in a gist and tweet a link to it.

But the thing is: Twitter is extremely easy to use and the barrier to tweeting is extremely low, more so than email. People are more inclined to tweet than to send an email, even for complex subjects. As much as I dislike it, this is how things are, so better accept it and use it to your advantage than trying to fight it or complain about it.


But why hasn't a twitter clone/alternative that would allow more than 140 characters taken off yet then ?


There's an interesting startup that I think does that. It's called Facebook.


Then why are people using Twitter then ? You cant say Facebook is like Twitter with more characters in the messages,it simply doesnt work.


Because Twitter has a lower barrier to entry. Yes the 140 character limit sucks. But because of the character limit, people are more inclined to open Twitter in the first place. The psychological advantage of that outweights the disadvantage of hitting the 140 character limit later, at least for users.


This seems like the premise of an Onion article...


See Oneslate argument mapping platform: https://demo.oneslate.com/#trees/605


Why is it "microservices" vs "monolithic"? It's not black and white, it's a continuum. Why would 300 microservices make more sense than, say, 6 medium-sized SOA apps?

According to the article, the point of microservices is scaling development, not scaling as in req/sec. But development scaling can already be done without microservices. You can already split source code in multiple files. You can already refactor classes into multiple smaller classes. So then why are microservices "awesome"? Why does it make more sense to have 300 microservices, each 500 lines, compared to 6 medium-size SOA apps, each consisting of 25.000 lines spread over 50 files/classes?

Now, if you have 200 developers then I understand why splitting your app into 50+ independent microservices makes sense. But I get the feeling that lots of developers, even those in 3-man teams, are jumping on the several-hundred-microservices bandwagon.


We had this debate at my company. You might want to read this:

http://www.smashcompany.com/technology/an-architecture-of-sm...

It's important to realize that you are wrong when you use the word "continuum". In a true continuum you can move in both directions with equal ease, whereas there is an important asymmetry in the tension between micro-services and monolithic apps. Read this part:

"There is an important asymmetry between an architecture of small apps and an architecture of The Monolithic CMS. If you have small apps, and decide you want to move to a monolithic CMS, then you must do The Big Rewrite: the exhausting effort of reproducing all of your funtionality so that it is handled by your one, all-consuming CMS. But when you move from the monolithic CMS to an architecture of small apps, there is no need for The Big Rewrite. Instead you take some small part of your CMS, rewrite it as an independent app, set the app on its own port, use your webserver to proxy the app-on-a-port to whatever URL the CMS was previously using for that functionality, and thus you’ve taken a step towards a new architecture without having to rewrite anything but the functionality covered by your new, small app."

I did not hear the phrase "micro-services" until Martin Fowler wrote his essay in March 2014, but clearly, what I talked about in that essay, 14 months ago, is what we would now call micro-services.


That's the first time I've ever read it was hard to move from a collection of small services to a monolith, and easy to move from a monolith to small services.


Agreed, that seems totally backward from my experience. I notice no justification is given either, apart from describing both refactors (small->large and large->small).


> But when you move from the monolithic CMS to an architecture of small apps, there is no need for The Big Rewrite.

Uh, what? Maybe if your app is written The Right Way, but in cases where encapsulation and cohesion are poor, where do you begin splitting? Services, on the other hand, force encapsulation from the get-go. Why wouldn't it be easier to connect them -- it's what they designed to do.


You don't need to do a big rewrite. Instead, you

1. turn your current monolith into one service (e.g. "cms-legacy");

2. fork the monolith codebase and remove everything not needed for that one particular component;

3. rewrite your integration tests for that component to use gateways, such that they either can be talking to the componentized service or the legacy service implementation without caring;

4. refactor the component into your favored beautiful new SOA design;

3. ensure the integration tests continue to pass;

4. remove the equivalent component implementation from the legacy codebase, and reimplement the shell of its consumer-facing API with calls to the componentized service (think LibreSSL here);

5. ensure the integration tests continue to pass;

6. repeat.

Basically, this is the Big Ball Of Mud (http://www.laputan.org/mud/) strategy, applied to cohesion between services rather than cohesion between modules.


I found this to be a much better article than the OP since it is very focused on the practicalities.


The user "slyall" just submitted it:

https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=8204826


I also think a lot has to do with language and deployment. Etsy uses PHP for their entire codebase. PHP can be easily hot swapped without any overhead. It's all scaffolded and thrown out every pageview. This provides a much simpler deploy process and has much less impact.

Java on the other hand takes time to warm up. It just isn't practical to redeploy the whole app when you are just updated one aspect.


But, I have more services! But, each of my fewer services do more!

And this folks, is why IT is still a joke in most quarters.




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