There's (A) the brief pass you do to get the gist of what a class/method does, and (B) the deeper pass when you try to build a mental model and step through bits of code in your head.
While Java's verbosity does harm skimming, it also aids targeted comprehension, since it is easier to see the "one right behavior" that code has. Fewer sneaky surprises, leaky abstractions, weird type coercions, inferring which class-interface the designer intended to target, etc.
As mentioned already, the other big advantage to explicit-ness is all the static analysis the IDE can do for you.
Finding the balance between terseness and having a little bit of redundant information is of course very hard.