"Human centric" is a false advantage. And it's not even human centric, the temperature of 100F is wrong, and what does brine have to do again with the human body?
The Fahrenheit scale has 180 divisions (nice round number, evenly divisible by loads of integers) between the freezing point of water and the boiling point of water (212F-32F=180, for the math challenged). The 0F point is the equilibrium point of a frigorific mixture of equal parts ammonium chloride, ice, and water. One can easily produce two reference points for the F scale in a way that isn't sensitive to the local pressure using just ice brine (0F) and ice water (32F). The melting temperature of ice and the equilibrium temperature of the brine mixture are constant on the pressure scales and temperature scales available to metrologists before about the 19th century.
The same can't be said for the Celsius scale, which requires either a triple-point cell or a known atmospheric pressure (so that the boiling temperature of water is well-known).
Edit: So the close out the point, the Fahrenheit is a unit which is much better matched for the calibration tools and computational methods available around the time it was invented.
 Maybe a better way to state this sentence is that the temperatures are constant "to within the experimental uncertainty achievable at the time."
 It's well known to anyone who has ever cooked that water boils at an appreciably different temperature in Denver than in Los Angeles.
Whereas “reasonable” temperatures in C run from what, -18ish to 38ish? Where’s the sense in that?
If you want to defend a unit of temperature, defend Kelvin. Don’t pretend that ˚C is significantly more reasonable than ˚F. They’re both bonkers in their own way (mysticism about the vitality of water is not a real justification).
If (more likely) you just want to make fun of Americans for being rubes, use distances or weights or volumes as your example.
Choosing the freezing point of water isn't really mystic. It lets you know whether it will rain or snow. It also means that any negative temperature is capable of causing frostbite.
Not really, since it depends upon temperature at the clouds, not at the ground level. Oh, and it also depends on atmosphere pressure, and on time (since a phase change requires latent heat transfer in addition to merely being at the right temperature).
And as baddox mentions, 32 is hardly harder to memorize than 0, especially if you know anything at all about computers.
Fahrenheit also has a chosen freezing point of water: 32 degrees. This is no more difficult to remember than Celsius' zero degree freezing point.
Sure, at 100, healthy humans can survive as long as their increased water needs are met. (Sun is another matter, but I'm just talking temperature.)
However, at 0F, permanent tissue damage onset is within 30 minutes, with almost any wind speed.
I'm not disputing the 0F to 100F (or -18C to 40C) range in terms of being "regularly seen".
EDIT: I suppose the core of the misunderstanding is that I was addressing the "human centric" advantage and relation to brine, where you were just arguing (quite reasonably) the convenient representation of the range?
To your edit: yes, I think that’s the real thing. I certainly don’t think the brine thing is reasonable, just that 0-100F is a nice range.
However, I'd argue that being water-based is hardly mystical: if water is boiling, or frozen, survival is more difficult.
It's also a pragmatic system for any nation that regularly drops below freezing. (Eg, could it snow today? Could there be ice to slide on?)
Water was also used in the original definition of a gram, which is a fairly good reason to reuse it in another definition.
My bigger question is why Metric stuck with Celcius and Kelvin instead of factoring in the Gas Constant (R) into Kelvin so the math would be completely constant-free.
Of course, then you'd have water freezing at 2271 and boiling at 3102, which wouldn't be fun in conversation.
That's a really good question. Another possibility would be to fix the calories/joules mismatch in heating water
Celsius is easy, 100. :)