Are they lock-free? If so, how do you do it without a GC?
> Java HotSpot, which features the best widely used GC, is routinely outperformed by low-level C++
This is true mostly in single-threaded computations. Also, as another commenter points out, Java's main problem is the lack of arrays of structs which makes locality difficult. This is being worked on (and almost completely orthogonal to the issue of GC), and will hopefully be at least partially resolved in Java 9.
My point is that while we need new languages now, we also need to prepare them for a many-core future. Once you have over 100 cores, many locking schemes stop scaling. I'm not saying Rust specifically should think ahead, but I think a new systems programming language should, especially if it's goal is to replace C for the next 40 years. Unless, that is, what I said turns out to be true, and low-level programming will give us good control over resources, but not the best performance; or if the many-core CPU future isn't coming (I say CPU because we're already in the many-core SIMD present with modern GPUs).