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I'm not sure it's realistic to say someone could make a career in a programming language without being able to look at a function and deduce the static type of a value without asking the computer.

As I wrote elsewhere in the comments:

When you use any language long enough, you end up needing to simulate pretty much every observable aspect of it yourself -- not including, for example, the garbage collector, the JVM bytecode verifier, or the GCC code optimizer, which are supposed to be transparent, but including the type inferencer, the JVM threading model, and the JavaScript semicolon insertion rules, which are not. Some of these things you can steer clear of for a long time or even avoid forever by staying on the beaten path, but they lurk, waiting for the thousands of people who have run into bugs or compiler errors and needed to understand them.

I don't know HM too well, but it seems to have more in common with the dataflow analysis algorithms in optimizers and verifiers -- which programmers don't usually have to understand -- than the basic unidirectional type inference that already serves pretty well to reduce redundancy in the source code.

I could imagine citing C++ as a counterargument -- no one understands the type system, but people use the language anyway -- but it's still not an abstraction you don't have to understand to use, like a CPU.




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