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I know who 'Satoshi Nakamoto' is, says Ted Nelson (theregister.co.uk)
107 points by moondowner 1435 days ago | hide | past | web | 80 comments | favorite

This is almost certainly wrong.

If you spend any time at all reading about history of Bitcoin and other related currencies, it's clear that Satoshi was a cypherpunk. And at least an active lurker, if not a well-known participant, in the cypherpunks mailing list during the 1990s and early 2000s. Just look at the sources in the bitcoin paper. Satoshi cites lots of cypherpunks, and not many mainstream academics. The code borrows time-stamping ideas from Usenet and takes inspiration from command-and-control architectures of IRC botnets.

The pieces of the puzzle are:

- (1997) Adam Back's hashcash proof of work system

- (1998) Wei Dai's b-money

- (1998-2005) Nick Szabo's writings about git gold

- (2004) Hal Finney's reusable proof of work (RPOW)

Satoshi brought these ideas -- cypherpunk ideas -- together to make Bitcoin, not the ideas about improving Chaumian blind signatures and anonymous e-cash that were being discussed in the academic crypto literature of the time. Remember, cypherpunks (and others inspired by Tim May's crypto-anarchy) have a long history of communicating anonymously. Anonymous remailers and pseudonyms were expected on the list, so it's not unusual to see Satoshi Nakamoto come out of this tradition.

There are probably people that know who the identity of Satoshi Nakamoto, but they're not going to tell. They're cypherpunks, after all. And if Satoshi stays anonymous, it just means that everything is going exactly as planned.

Here are some emails and headers that you might be interested in:


phrases: http://diyhpl.us/~bryan/irc/bitcoin-satoshi/phrases.txt

He might be one of these people: http://diyhpl.us/~bryan/irc/bitcoin-satoshi/p2p-research-mem...

Here are some forum posts timestamps: http://diyhpl.us/~bryan/irc/bitcoin-satoshi/datetimes.yaml

I also feel it is necessary to point out that it is completely possible to spoof forum posts to match his writing style and C++ idioms. So there might be someone posing as a "second satoshi" waiting to be discovered by phrase analysis. This is one of the vulnerabilities of his pseudonym.

Happy hacking.

Wait, what, why are you guys ascribing so much importance to the dating format? yyyy-mm-dd is the format I've been using for a long, long time, and I have no affiliation with cypherpunks nor have I ever had any. I know a lot of non-programmers who use it too. It's just a good, solid, sensical time format (largest to smallest, just like we already tell time: hh:mm:ss). I think I first came across the idea of using it in everyday situations like 5 years ago on some gaming forums.

You should all use it too, because it just makes too much sense. :)

No, seriously, please start using yyyy-mm-dd whenever wherever you can. It is most especially useful when you're doing text analysis, makes life very easy there.

Well, no.

The file "datetimes.yaml" contains a list of serialized ISO 8601 timestamps because that's how you represent timestamps in yaml. These timestamps represent the different timestamps that bitcointalk.org gives to the posts made by the Satoshi pseudonym.

I am not implying that anyone who uses ISO 8601 might be Satoshi. Rather, I am providing you with a list of timestamps in ISO 8601 format. I am making no claims about how Satoshi tends to write timestamps (and I don't remember if I even looked at that, I think I got bored).

These timestamps can be used to determine which timezone he is a member of, or which timezone he wanted you to think he was a member of, or to compare against other email headers. For example, I would love to compare this data against a historically-accurate cypherpunk email archive. (I do not have one at the moment.)

However, he could have written some small amount of software to delay the posts he wrote to the forum, but some of them look very timely. He could also have written software to delay the times that his posts were posted, to make it sync up with the timestamps of another cypherpunk member (which would be hilarious and evil).

I think a more thorough analysis would have to look at each individual Satoshi forum post and determine whether or not it was written "probably delayed", because sometimes the delta between the post he wrote and the post he was replying to was very tiny, which would improve the chances that he was not on a delay timer (unless he spoofed all questions he replied to, which I also doubt).

Oh, so bringing up his timestamps was for that... you guys weren't talking about the format per se. Sorry about that, completely my fault for misunderstanding.

It's so people can guess what time zone he's in! Casual analysis points to "not Japan".

I'm highly doubtful that anyone in Japan could/would use such flawless English, especially online and in code comments. The Englishisms might be a sign of a paranoid American trying to obfuscate his writing, but I'd put my money on Satoshi being English, attributing any Americanisms to the fact that the internet is largely dominated by American English, so it's easy for anyone to pick it up without even realizing.

Shinichi Mochizuki lived in the US from age 5 to his mid 20s, so he would certainly have native fluency in English. I don't think he's Satoshi though.

Hi, from an expat in Japan.

Of course it does, they quoted you! :)

Ian Grigg's Ricardo system (1990s to present) also belongs on the list of precursors due to smart contracts, non blinded pseudonyms, etc.

Yes, good point!

Satoshi was definitely familiar with discussions of smart contracts and smart property. You can see this in the design of Bitcoin transaction scripts. While most of the opcodes were disabled in late 2012 due to security concerns, the overall design shows some incredible forethought.

Satoshi didn't cite it, but the Byzantine consensus protocol underlying Bitcoin is very similar to a paper:

- (2005) Aspnes and Jackson. Exposing Computationally Challenged Byzantine Impostors. Yale Tech Report. http://cs-www.cs.yale.edu/homes/aspnes/papers/tr1332.pdf

This is (more) evidence that Satoshi isn't a distributed systems academic.

Where are these cypherpunk mailing lists? Is there any where I can subscribe?

Utter nonsense; no mathematician would have created Bitcoin. Mathematicians criticize cryptographers for not being rigorous enough in their proofs. Bitcoin does not even have a formal security definition, let alone any kind of proof.

Anyone who is looking at professional cryptographers or accomplished researchers is looking in the wrong place. Bitcoin is the work of amateurs and enthusiasts, the sort of people who flood sci.crypt with claims about new cryptosystems and ignore the experts who still take the time to post there. It only caught on because it appeals to libertarians and anarchists, and eventually was promoted enough that mainstream media outlets were afraid that they would be left behind on reporting "the next big thing."

A pretty harsh appraisal of a system that is already trusted with accounting for over a billion dollars worth of digital assets. Can you give some examples of other cryptographic systems of comparable complexity being used at scale for years without major incident? Message encryption, TLS, and Secure Shell are generally trusted as being secure, but all pale in comparison to the complexity of bitcoin in terms of what they attempt to achieve. Yes, bitcoin is vulnerable to a 51% network attack, but I believe there is a social engineering-type security built into the protocol. That is, early adopters are incentivized by easy block rewards and currency appreciation potential. But they also take the greater risk of 51% network attack. As bitcoin takes off, mining becomes more decentralized and less vulnerable to 51% attack. Just last week we saw this: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=5696596 (Bitcoin Network Speed 8 Times Faster than Top 500 Supercomputers Combined)

"A pretty harsh appraisal of a system that is already trusted with accounting for over a billion dollars worth of digital assets."

That it is popular does not demonstrate that it was not designed by amateurs and enthusiasts. Many popular systems were hacked together by amateurs. Fidonet was the work of amateurs -- a global computer network that remains in use to this very day.

It is also not the case that systems trusted with large amounts of money must necessarily be secure. If the past 20 years have taught us anything, it is that security is not even within the consciousness of most users of payment systems, at least when it comes to online payments. That credit cards were ever used for Internet payments, rather than Chaum's systems, should be proof enough of that. All that standards between most people's bank accounts and a potential thief is a password, yet there is little demand for smartcards or other more secure systems.

"Message encryption, TLS, and Secure Shell are generally trusted as being secure, but all pale in comparison to the complexity of bitcoin in terms of what they attempt to achieve"

Why separate encryption from TLS and SSH? TLS and SSH are encryption (and authentication) systems. Here, on the other hand, is a secure multiparty computation system that has served a large user base for over a decade without major incident:


The most major attack on remailers so far was the recent attempt to de-anonymize the Pittsburgh bomb threats. It is unclear if the FBI was able to break the security of Mixmaster even after compromising numerous remailers; a man has been indicted, but the evidence (last I checked) remains secret. It seems unlikely, unless the FBI had compromised all the remailers except for the ones they raided prior to their investigation; that would mean that the FBI had effectively compromised the whole network, which is beyond what any secure computation system can protect against.

Similarly, there is the Danish Sugar Beet Auction system. This system has fewer workers than Mixmaster, and certainly less than Bitcoin, but it was designed and engineered by prominent researchers and serves thousands of users (only a slightly smaller scale than Bitcoin). The system has been used for a few years now:


"Yes, bitcoin is vulnerable to a 51% network attack"

Let's be very clear here: Bitcoin is not merely vulnerable to a majority of parties behaving maliciously; that would be acceptable in a multiparty computation system. What Bitcoin is vulnerable to is one party working just slightly harder than all the other parties. In other words, a single malicious party, working in polynomial time, can successfully attack Bitcoin (whatever the definition of a successful attack actually is). The attack allows one party to deny confirmations on transactions involving another party. It allows one party to double-spend the currency. It allows one party to prevent other parties from being paid for mining.

This is why I said Bitcoin is the work of amateurs and enthusiasts. This is the sort of attack that nobody in the cryptography research community would consider acceptable. This is not merely a disconnected between theory and practice (as is the case with PGP, TLS, and Mixmaster, all of which diverge somewhat from their theoretical foundations); the vulnerability exists in the very design of the Bitcoin protocol.

There are other signs that Bitcoin is the work of amateurs. The protocol specification is hard to pin down; much of the design is documented only with code, rather than in the original paper. There is no threat model and no formal security definition. The security analysis in the original paper focuses on a specific method of attacking Bitcoin, without ruling out any other methods. None of this is something you would expect to see out of expert cryptographers, and to suggest that it is the work of an accomplished mathematician is beyond wishful thinking.

If you want to compare Bitcoin to the work of experts, why don't you take a look at the work of experts? Here, for example, is some important work in the field of secure multiparty computation:


Does the original Bitcoin paper even remotely resemble this? Here is an earlier, shorter work; can you honestly say that the original Bitcoin paper even resembles this:


Regarding credit card security (or lack thereof)--protection lies mainly in the massive fraud prevention efforts of the credit card companies (hence the large fees). It gives more protection to consumers than merchants (it's easy to request chargebacks). Bitcoin offers an alternative security model, known as caveat emptor. There's no way to reverse a transaction. All consumer protection devices, such as escrow, are outside the scope of the protocol. So bitcoin by itself may or not be an acceptable means of payment, depending on the use case.

I understand the risk of a single party attacker who controls more than half the network. But at this point, what kind of attacker can muster up that much computing power? Only a nation-state, billionaire, or large corporation could conceivably do so. And it's daily growing beyond their reach. Not only that, but their motive must be not just to make gains. They would have to want to destroy the bitcoin economy. Interestingly, the bitcoin economy has already survived a 24-block split without major calamity[1].

I had a look at the papers you linked to. The Canetti paper certainly seems more rigorous and formal. But the Danish Beet Auction paper actually doesn't seem too far from the Bitcoin whitepaper. The bitcoin paper is certainly the most concise.

Amateur or not, bitcoin may be the "worse is better"[2] solution to low transaction fee, decentralized, online payments. If a better solution comes out, I'd love to hear about it.

1. http://bitcoin.org/chainfork.html 2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worse_is_better

"at this point, what kind of attacker can muster up that much computing power?"

There is already a single mining pool that nearly controls that much computing power. In general, though, it is a bad idea to ask these sorts of questions; what is really important is not "who might amass this much power" but rather, "what will the honest users do about it?" In the case of Bitcoin, once an attacker amasses enough computing power for the attack, the honest users would have to increase their own computing power to prevent the attack -- but the attacker would only have to add as much to their own computing power as the honest users add to theirs.

By comparison, Mixmaster uses 1024 bit public keys. Suppose someone amassed enough computing power to compute the corresponding secret keys, thus breaking the security of Mixmaster. Without adding any additional worker nodes, Mixmaster could be updated to use 2048 bit keys, or 4096 bit keys, or even larger keys. This would result in an exponential increase in the work needed to attack the system, at the cost of only a small increase in the work needed to run Mixmaster (small to the point of probably not requiring any new hardware).

"Not only that, but their motive must be not just to make gains. They would have to want to destroy the bitcoin economy."

I would also be wary of trying to guess an attacker's motives. The attacker may only be interesting in blocking confirmations on transactions involving a specific party (e.g. maybe the US government wants to prevent Wikileaks from receiving donations). The attacker may have some goal that we cannot even imagine without knowing the attacker's particular circumstances.

"Interestingly, the bitcoin economy has already survived a 24-block split without major calamity[1]."

Yes, but that incident was (apparently) accidental. The fact that such a thing can accidentally happen is pretty bad news. To borrow Bruce Schneier's analogy, a house can accidentally burn down; an arsonist will maliciously cause that to happen, and will do so in the worst way possible. An attacker will try to trigger such a fork, whether by spending a large amount of computing time or by exploiting some implementation bug (e.g. maybe the attacker will do only slightly more work than other miners, searching for that one block that triggers a subtle bug in some version of Bitcoin).

Compare this to a secure multiparty computation system in the malicious model. In such a system, a node cannot accidentally break a security property -- because no node can deviate from the protocol in a way that breaks the security property.

"the Danish Beet Auction paper actually doesn't seem too far from the Bitcoin whitepaper"

There are a few key differences:

1. The security model is precisely defined: the adversary corrupts a minority of the worker nodes, any number of clients, and no node will deviate from the protocol.

2. While the security model is weak, the authors (a) acknowledge that it is weak, (b) give a justification for choosing a weak security model, and (c) explain how to strengthen the security model and what the trade-offs would be.

3. There is a formal proof of security, which rules out all polynomial time attacks within the security model.

The Bitcoin paper has none of the above. There is no clear security model, no justification for accepting the attack described in the paper itself, and no evidence that other attacks do not exist. The paper does not spend any time considering an attack conducted by some colluding subset of nodes, not even to explain why such an attack is unlikely or will not be considered.

"Amateur or not, bitcoin may be the "worse is better"[2] solution to low transaction fee, decentralized, online payments."

Perhaps, but so what? The point was that Bitcoin was almost certainly not designed by a mathematics or cryptography researcher. Amateurs can certainly create systems that become popular. The Linux kernel was originally written by an amateur; if this were 1993 and someone tried to tell you that Ken Thompson was behind the Linux kernel, would you have believed it?

I appreciate your thorough responses and patient explanations about the weaknesses of bitcoin. I agree with you that bitcoin is not perfect, nor is Linux, but I enjoy using both. By your standard, we may have to wait a very long time to enjoy decentralized digital currencies. Bitcoin could go the way of Linux and over many years see gradual improvement in security and usability. Or it could suffer a debilitating attack and cause a massive loss of confidence. Either way, it's here today and that's better than potential currencies with formal security proofs that are years off.

Uh, oh, outch - "experts".... this is so wrong in so many ways. But I'm sure the media will get it right.

Actually it appeals to anybody who doesn't want to see how his savings lose value every day, or are simply stolen by his own government. It also appeals to anybody who doesn't want to pay ridiculous fees for international wires, if the government allows it at all.


Calling me names won't change anything, my argument still stands.

Utterly flawed reasoning. See: "Prosecutor's fallacy"


So is yours. See "Defendant's fallacy" at the bottom of the page.

That does not make elux's reasoning flawed, because they did not say that Mochizuki definitely was not Nakamoto.

I can't seem to find any indication that Shinichi Mochizuki has done any published programming, and then to suddenly write very good crypto software in C (by himself, who does that) seem implausible. Mathematics Genius != Crypto Programming Genius.

Ok his 3 identification features are, he is a very smart professor, he doesn't rely on peer review and he works very hard.

There are probably 10000 people who fit this profile and the profile of the bitcoin creator even better. This is dumb

Also, he's Japanese and Nelson thinks Nakamoto is actually Japanese because everyone who says he isn't Japanese is falling for committing "ethnocentric cluckery". Dumb indeed.

Isn't it a little dangerous throwing around claims like this? If everyone believed that I had a secret stash of a hundred million dollars, I would be slightly worried for my safety.

Nope. It's still definitely me.


Bad Luck Brian:

Finally reveals the true identify of Satoshi Nakamoto, Nobody believes him.

Bitcoin is engineering, not math. Isn't the crypto all based on 70s and 80s math? Why would a pure mathematician get involved? And Bitcoin took evangelizing, not just the work of a hermit.

Methinks Ted Nelson is pulling someone's chain. Maybe he can tell us the identity of The Joker, or Fuzzy Dunlop from The Wire.

> And Bitcoin took evangelizing, not just the work of a hermit.

I don't think it took evangelizing. Did Linux take evangelizing for it to get big? Bitcoin was something that, once properly implemented, was bound to get a lot of attention from cypherpunks. The big feat. here is actually coding it up and having it work without too many issues. As for it getting big this year (with the value of BC going really high a month back), it was just one more way to get 'rich', so people jumped on it. It has an intrinsically viral nature.

depends on your definition of evangelizing... search for Satoshi Nakamoto's voluminous posting history ... just putting software in a forum where people can see it, discussing it at length and getting people to participate and contribute is different from dumping a proof and declining to explain it.

for some definition, Linus Torvalds has awesome collaboration/evangelizing skills. a lot of otherwise great engineers can't be bothered to communicate and get people to adopt/contribute, sometimes they think evangelizing is a dirty word.

The video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=emDJTGTrEm0

If he had wanted to speak to the man directly, he could have cryptographically done so. Tell the world that you know who he is, but not reveal the name, then publish a cryptographic hash of his name. That probably catches the real guy's attention (regardless of whether Ted got it right or not).

Reminds me of this blog post by a rather 'unknown' blog poster called Ashwin Dixit, which was posted to HN weeks ago claiming that Satoshi Nakamoto actually is Shinichi Mochizuki http://ownlifeful.blogspot.com/2013/05/bitcoin-creator-satos... (and after lurking in the shadows of HN for, uhm, eons, this , hopefully informative, comment on HN is my first step out of the shadows. Hi guys :) )

> Mochizuki doesn't use the conventional scientific peer review process. Rather, his habit is to publish, and leave it to other mathematicians to sort their way through his reasoning

Wrong: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?as_vis=1&q=Shinichi+Mo...

I see a lot of papers there in ordinary peer-reviewed journals.

The following seems a lot more likely. From Wikipedia:

Fast Company's investigation brought up circumstantial evidence that indicated a link between an encryption patent application filed by Neal King, Vladimir Oksman and Charles Bry on 15 August 2008, and the bitcoin.org domain name which was registered 72 hours later. The patent application (#20100042841) contained networking and encryption technologies similar to Bitcoin's. After textual analysis, the phrase "...computationally impractical to reverse" was found in both the patent application and bitcoin's whitepaper. All three inventors explicitly denied being Satoshi Nakamoto.


Nelson apparently has said that if Mochizuki denies being Satoshi he will donate to charity of his choice [0].

    Nelson tells Quartz that he is offering to donate to charity if Mochizuki denies 
    being Satoshi Nakamoto. "If that person denies being Satoshi, I will humbly give 
    one bitcoin (at this instant worth about $123) to any charity he selects.  If he is 
    Satoshi and denies it, at least he will feel guilty. (One month time limit on 
    denial-- bitcoins are going UP.)
[0] http://qz.com/86255/the-mysterious-creator-of-bitcoin-could-...

$123 seems way too small a sum for this to be of any consequence for either party

There's a reason he chose to dedicate a bitcoin and not 123 USD despite being its current price value.

Ted's impression of a Sherlock, Watson conversation alone is worth the price of admission.

I find it extremely hard to believe that bitcoin is attributable to a single person.

I find a single person standing on the shoulders of giants quite plausible. A single talented person can achieve much more than most committees.

"committees" is a pretty loaded term, right? I mean replace "committees" with a 2-4-member team and you have Apple, Facebook, Google, etc. Personally I always thought it was a rogue Post-doc until reading PG's post about it. PG convinced me a government was, indeed, involved. For me now it is a question of "which gov?" and "why that gov?"

Ted Nelson: "EVERYBODY thinks they can design great interfaces and almost no one can (...)"


More on Shinichi Mochizuki and the ABC conjecture


Funny how after the hype around the ABC proof that now somebody thinks he's Satoshi. I'd be a bit more convinced of this 'unmasking' if Shinichi hadn't been all over the news last week.

What's HN's opinions on Nelson himself? Barring this article, I've mostly read about his ideas about Xanadu, etc, and while they're not bad per se, they seem rather unfocused and on the whole rather vague -- almost like, engineering/technology in a purely essay tradition. Can anyone point me to his best work? I hear a lot about him but never found much to justify his repute.

I'm hardly representative of "HN's opinions", but describing Nelson's ideas as "unfocused" and "vague" is kind of like the student who complained about Shakespeare's works being "derivative and full of cliches".

Sadly, Xanadu never became the success that Nelson forsaw, but "Computer Lib/Dream Machines" was full of all sorts of incredible new ideas, some Nelson's, some from others that he just collected in one accessible place. Keep in mind that the book was first published in 1974, two years before Jobs & Wozniak formed Apple Computer to sell the Apple I, and seven years before the first IBM PC.

This may help you to understand his way of thinking.


He only became a computer scientist incidentally due to no one being capable of listening to the ideas of a filmmaker/philosopher and attributing technical fortitude to them. Like the previous poster, I recommend Computer Lib/Dream Machines

Has anyone just asked Shinichi Mochizuki if he had anything to do with bitcoin?

I assume he would be honest and deny it if he had no involvement. (but still would be cool to get this amazing guy's opinion about bitcoin tech)

If he was involved with bitcoin, I doubt he would lie about it. Instead he would simply not respond, and thus confirming he really might be "Satoshi".

If I had to bet on this, I'd say Satoshi isn't Japanese.

Well, the English is certainly native level and they appear to make none of the common mistakes second language learners do, like forgetting or misusing 'the', but that doesn't mean Satoshi isn't ethnically Japanese. Frankly, for all we know, Satoshi could be a woman.

People raised in the Japanese culture express themselves very differently, though, and I'm not seeing that in this writing. This tends to survive, even when they're highly skilled in English, because they're not saying anything incorrectly, just differently. For example, one of my friends always refers to Earth as "our Earth" instead of "the Earth" (I rather like that one, personally).

I hardly know anything about the scene but does he write in Japanese at all? (such as participating in a Japanese crypto mailing list?).

I would like to remind people: If you know who Satoshi is, for crying out loud keep it to yourself! If this man's identity is revealed, it will be a likely death sentence.


Because he likely has 9 figures in Bitcoin that - by design - could not be recovered were they ever stolen from him.

Has anyone done (publicly) any statistical textual comparison between Satoshi's writings and those of any of the plausible candidates?

So far someone already conducted some language analysis to determine his nationality and it's either British or Japanese. Possibly a brit in Japan.

This is also almost certainly wrong.

Those patent applications don't really have anything to do with Bitcoin. But I guess if you're a journalist, anything crypto related looks like it has to do with Bitcoin.

And if I remember correctly, the bitcoin.org domain was registered by Satoshi using anonymousspeech.com, so that's also a clue.

Looking at Neal J. King's Facebook posts, his politics seem mainstream liberal, not libertarian. I'm not sure Satoshi would be such a big fan of Paul Krugman and vocally advocate increasing the debt ceiling. He also has a post back in 2011 specifically responding to the suggestion that he created Bitcoin.

It is like saying Dzhokhar Tsarnaev is too handsome to be a bomber. http://now.msn.com/dzhokhar-tsarnaev-is-too-handsome-to-be-g...

Okay this example is too harsh but his few posts doesn't meant that he didn't.

>What are the odds that a phrase in Nakamoto's Bitcoin paper would be replicated in a patent application filed the same year? Further, what are the odds the domain name for Bitcoin would have been registered 72 hours after the patent application was filed?

since it happened... 100%?

seriously though, it's a coincidence that could easily be explained in other ways. for instance, many people in niche fields tend to use the same phrases and discover things at the same time. were Alexander Bell and Elisha Gray the same person?

I'd call it interesting evidence, but not a smoking gun.

There is more than one coinsidance. I suggest you to read the article. For example he works on cryptogrphy but his patent-friends work on nodes. I think that the real reason he is hiding himself is because he is using his friends' patents (the nodes) without permission in bitcoin.

This dead post on HN made the same claim: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=5692179

Was there a date on Nelson's? I don't really buy it as being correct, but hey.

There is a date. See his youtube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=emDJTGTrEm0

The last time I read a story about reclusive Japanese mathematicians putting out government-confounding cryptosystems -- it was the terrible Dan Brown novel Digital Fortress.

Reality is getting Hollyweirder by the minute...

Well see, that's just it. This harebrained theory is way too hollywood, and light on evidence.

In reality, a mathematician doesn't make significant contributions to two different completely separate fields that both get widespread media attention within the span of a few years.

This is painfully embarrassing. I love Ted Nelson but it's much, much easier to find out who 'Satoshi' is than those tortured comparisons.

This reminds me of some of the theories about who wrote Shakespeare, particularly the "Oxfordian" theory.

How would you correctly pronounce 'Satoshi Nakamoto'?

Sah-toh-she Nah-kah-moh-toh.

Japanese is rather easy to pronounce once you learn which vowels to use and a few small tricks. The 'long' vowels are really just two separate syllables that get blurred together a little when adjacent. For example, 'ai' == ahh + eee blurred together and sounds like the word eye.

Snitches get stitches Ted.

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