When Fabrizio Benedetti of the University of Turin in Italy carried out the above experiment, he added a final twist by adding naloxone, a drug that blocks the effects of morphine, to the saline. The shocking result? The pain-relieving power of saline solution disappeared.
When I read this, I said, out loud, "What the flying farkmipple?"
So does naloxone block placebo effects in general, or only placebo morphine? Inquiring minds want to know.