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But if you give people any access to any system surely this is a concern. As a software dev, maybe I've inserted something into one of the build scripts that quietly re-opens my backdoor to the source control server...

I haven't, but if you assume actually malicious users you're probably going to end up with something so locked down it's useless. Aren't you?




It's commonly stated that 9 out of 10 security threats come from employees or other insiders. You should assume malicious employees. Sooner or later you will hire the wrong person.

Now, you must also have a functioning system, and so you may take risks by leaving things more open than you would like if you don't have the resources to thoroughly lock everything down.

But wherever locking things down further costs you very little, you should take the opportunity. And elsewhere you should asses what level of protection you can afford. Ultimately it is a cost-benefit analysis. Many risks are not worth spending money protecting against. Others are vital.

But even disregarding malicious users: Individual user accounts is not just a protection against malicious users, but against careless users. When someone sets a password that gets guessed, you want to be in a position where exploiting that persons credentials is as hard as possible, and tracking down actions taken via the account is as easy as possible.

And yes, you could insert something into a build script. But if the build script is committed, and the commit was pushed from a named, individual account, you're now at the risk of going to jail. Creating deterrents is often a sufficient risk mitigation strategy to be acceptable.

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Quite the contrary: You're probably going to end up with documented procedures for deploying software that are simplified, follow existing standards/best practices, and don't rely on complex stone soup build/init scripts concocted by inexperienced developers (and I've seen some doozies).

A developer is more likely to create better and more easily maintainable software if the target audience is assumed to be an ordinary user with no special system privileges. In my experience, when a developer has root and assumes everyone else does, deployment becomes a nightmare.

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Not quite sure I understand what you're saying here, I'm not talking about the software being produced, but the systems used to produce it.

What I was trying to say was that there's not really any way for you (server admin guy) to know if I (software dev guy) have inserted something malicious into a script that all the other software folks run constantly (software build system, NOT server build/init script, NOT deployment script).

This is not about the end-user's privileges, or server set up, just how in a team-base software dev environment you're probably going to have to have a measure of trust for your employees.

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I see, but I think the same principle applies, even in this narrow case. As a server admin guy or fellow software dev guy, I have to trust that any code you've written has been properly reviewed before checking it into a repository that I pull from. Fortunately, version control tools make this trivial, but you're right, the policy and infrastructure supporting it has to be in place, otherwise you're depending only on voluntary peer review.

Note that as an attacker, there's a high risk of exposure and identification in the scenario you describe, and that's a good thing. A well secured system shouldn't merely prevent attacks, it should also protect innocent users from suspicion (another reason why shared accounts are discouraged).

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