A slippery slope argument states that a relatively small
first step leads to a chain of related events culminating
in some significant effect.
The Participating ISP will, however, continue to track and
report the number of ISP Notices the Participating ISP
receives for that Subscriber’s account, so that information
is available to a Content Owner Representative if it elects
to initiate a copyright infringement action against that
So no, it's not a fallacy in this case to expect the MPAA/RIAA to keep alternating between mild and extreme tactics, just as they have been doing.
In a perfect situation, we wold have representatives who understand people. But what we have is a large group of selfish people who take money from businesses and pass such stupid laws.
They censor everything they can't understand or tht threatens their power in any way. Internet is one such medium as it increases information flow and power of people and decreases their!
I observe this thing in my university too. All the top students who have caliber to do something won't touch it because it involves too much bureaucracy and as a result, everything is done by, well, incompetent people who spread corruption!
I guess it only grows when we go up in the chain.
Anyway, while this law seems completely and horribly broken, technology allowed us to escape it a bit. I don't even have optical drives in my computers any more.
Of course, this means that watching any movie or tv show on a computer requires downloading it from... a source because popular online players (some offer content for free, like TVN, a large private broadcaster; and not just a clip here and there — full episodes, even whole films) usually require Silverlight which doesn't really work on Ubuntu. Luckily, that — downloading copyrighted materials for personal use — is, again, legal†.
† some exceptions apply.
It's nothing official, but Erich Hoover  patched wine so that it could run silverlight, and created a package that allows streaming netflix via wine+firefox+silverlight . Since Steam and this, I haven't had a single reason to boot my old windows partition. It's nice.
It's possible that this same solution could work for your problem sites.
I've tried this, and the performance is pretty bad. I'll stick to torrents + MPlayer until that's fixed.
For those interested how a post-communist country criminalizes copyright violations, here's a link to the relevant section of our Copyright Act:
You can get sued for anything, but the court will throw it out if the civil case is unfounded. I don't know how you have it in Poland, but the Czech copyright act stipulates that private copies ("copies for sole personal use") of everything except software and "electronic databases" (telephone directories etc.) are completely outside the purview of copyright protection, up to and including the disregard for the legality of the source of the copy (confirmed by a verdict of the Supreme Court in 2006) If something similar is the case in Poland, what basis could a civil case possibly have?
For instance, "copies for sole personal use" that you mentioned, in Poland are "single specimens shared by people in a personal relationshiop" (link to this specific rule: http://prawo.legeo.pl/prawo/ustawa-z-dnia-4-lutego-1994-r-o-...) which literally indicates that the digital transmission between people who don't know each other is excluded from its scope.
Also, the fait use section ends with a limitation clause: http://prawo.legeo.pl/prawo/ustawa-z-dnia-4-lutego-1994-r-o-... - which is a totally unclear ruke but means something similar to "fair use cannot hurt author".
I think it's very useful distinction, and the only one that makes sense.
Also there are exceptions for short excerpts from copyrighted material, satire, etc (considered fair use).
That's why Poles were so infuriated when USA tried to enforce ACTA on us.
Oh, and when I took my Korean-made but US-bought TV to the UK, guess what? Its Netflix feature stopped working completely.
Whether buying a DVD or streaming video online, I'm tired of not getting what I pay for.
But back to the numbers: I'd estimate that PBS is paying around $0.05 per show to stream. I'm basing this on CDN costs in the range $0.10/GB - $0.20/GB, the size of 30 minute shows weighing in between 125MB and 250MB, plus storage and admin overheads. I might be wrong, but it looks like they're delivering their bits via CloudFront and so those costs basically double for viewers outside of the US and Europe. Even if it's not CloudFront, the basic cost structures stay the same. Why on earth would they want to serve content to users who mostly aren't giving them money and are costing twice as much to serve?
One last point: the link below are for Downtown Abbey, for which PBS certainly doesn't have international streaming rights.
If they actually own the rights to the show they want to distribute to the public for free and the primary thing stopping them is the cost of a CDN, why aren't they using BitTorrent? At least as an option that says "no CDN in your country, international users use this"?
For clarity, let's not talk about Downton Abbey--that's a more complicated topic because it's not PBS-produced content as far as I know.
Sounds to me like it's completely trivial to restrict streaming to the cheap servers and everyone else will just have to cross more of the internet to get there. I seriously doubt that this is a notable part of their reasoning.
Then they should put their work in the public domain so people willing to support distribution costs could do so.
I have no idea what republican talking points you're referring to. Let's just stipulate that if the republicans say the same thing I say, it's a coincidence. I don't even live in the US.
You keep referring to PBS as if it is a service provided by the government. PBS is not a government service, it is a private entity. Why do you think paying taxes entitles you to universal acces to PBS? My local university and the local fire department received some federal funding. A miniscule slice of your taxes paid for that funding. Do you expect to enroll in classes at Syracuse University for free now? Do you expect the Syracuse Fire Department to come help your cat out of the tree whereever you are?
In the Netflix case, the problem is that LG sold me a TV which unbeknownst to me always advertises itself to Netflix as being "in the US." This means that when it is not physically in the US (according to its IP address), Netflix sees a discrepancy and blocks it from accessing any content--US or otherwise. Apparently LG fixed this bug within the last year, but there's no update available for my TV (despite it having online firmware updates for other reasons).
According to http://www.pbs.org/funding, tax dollars pay for about 15% of the budget across all PBS stations. And a large part of that money goes to ensuring that local stations can exist in places that they otherwise couldn't. While tax dollars are helpful, in no way are they paying for that content in the same way that the BBC is funded by people in England.
In any case the reason for that geographical restriction is that PBS makes money from selling access to popular shows like Sesame Street worldwide. They could not make that money if organizations in that area had no incentive to pay for it.
...it's more like I'm paying for something but getting nothing.
My taxes help to pay for the system of embassies and consulates that provide a support network for people like you. Since I live in the USA and have no plans to travel, I'm getting nothing from that tax money.
Welcome to a fundamental fact of taxation, most of what our taxes pay for does not directly benefit us. Nor do we individually have any say about how that is spent. Once it has been taken by the government it is in no real sense "ours". Get over it.
That makes sense for things that are targeted at a particular audience, geography, etc. But television? They had to spend money to implement the blocking feature, and seemingly for no additional money they could let people in Europe watch. I'm not asking for special treatment. And I'm not interested in watching Sesame Street, but rather programs which are not offered for sale (I'd even pay $0.99 per episode, if I could).
As a side note, if you want services from a US embassy, you often have to join a days-long waiting list, and then pay rather high rates for the services. Contrary to popular belief, it's not a place you just walk into because you're a citizen and they do things for you. It's more like a state-owned Kinko's plus law office in a prison-like setting. I appreciate your point about your taxes paying for them, but you should know they aren't giving me anything for free in there.
PBS is not a government organization. It is a private non-profit organization that is free to do what it wants. In this case you have a classical problem. Developing quality programming has a fairly high fixed cost and low marginal costs. Yes, they could cheaply give it to you, but if they did then they would lower the incentive for non-US organizations to absorb some of the fixed costs.
The fact that they do not sell it to individuals who want it is a sign that they are missing a great business opportunity. It is stupid. But again it is not government stupidity. (And for the cost of an EC2 instance to use as a proxy, you can get around the geographic restriction.)
And what about the tax money? Tax money that goes to PBS stations largely goes to the geographical problem of supporting local PBS stations in locations that do not have a sufficient donation base to pay for it themselves.
I'm not saying I support this. I absolutely don't. My question is, what's the point here? To me, this comes off as another article meant to get all the anti-copyright, anti-DMCA people to all come together and pat each other on the back for how smart they are for being against such silly laws. This stuff is good to know and interesting but I'm still a little disappointed its on the front page of HN. It seems like exactly the kind of thing the guidelines say not to post. It's an easy up vote - who can't get behind the idea of DVD playback on Linux being illegal being, well, ludicrous.
That is not the important question. The important question is whether people engaged in legitimate activity will modify their behavior in order to avoid the possibility of being prosecuted for such a dumb thing. Which has already happened. Ubuntu doesn't include DVD playback support. Nobody makes a DVD jukebox like what Real wanted to make when the courts shut them down. The amount of innovation that hasn't happened because nobody can sell it in Walmart without risking a lawsuit or criminal prosecution is unthinkable and we are all poorer for it.
The point of articles like this is to get more people behind doing something about it. There is no legitimate reason that circumventing DRM when there is no underlying act of infringement should be illegal. The entire concept of criminalizing circumvention is a failure and a farce, but criminalizing circumvention without infringement is (as you rightly point out) just plain ludicrous. So let's fix that at the very least.
I've mulled this over many times while waiting for my (licensed) DVD player to boot - there's no economic pressure for DVD player manufacturers to compete, since there's such a large barrier to entry. Sure, the hardware is cheap, but the software is both terrible (crashes, odd UI behavior, dictates work flow) and slow, slow SLOW.
DVDCCA is clearly a cartel, at least in terms of behavior, if not actual legal definition, and we see it in terms of lack of innovative UX on DVD players. I see this as akin to the Windows experience vs Linux experience. Windows boots slowly, apps start slowly. Linux boots rapidly, and gets speedier over the years, not slower. Apps start fast, windows open instantly (instead of showing a dern splash screen for 30 seconds). Microsoft is something of a market-fixing cartel. The Linux market has a lot of competition, pain points get addressed quickly, the experience changes.
If you're someone who just wants to use your legally-acquired media then IMO (and IANAL!) you should fall into the "Reverse Engineering/Interoperability" exception of 1201(f) http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap12.html
They word it as the exception being granted for "programs exchanging information with programs" but I see no reason why that would not mean, in practice, libdvdcss <=> foo_player.
Going back to what I said at first, a far dumber part of DMCA is that they actually ban the manufacture and import of analog video playback equipment (VHS, Beta, etc.) that doesn't obey "automatic gain control" copy control features. How many electrical engineering students might have run afoul of that in the course of their studies? (Edit: 1201(k) for those who want the reference)
Laws are made by people who in theory represent us. Democracy requires us, the sovereign citizenry, to pay attention to how well the law is functioning.
This is not an asinine edge case effect. This is at the heart of the DMCA. The goal was a global system of control by a relatively small number of media executives over the watching of all video everywhere. It is worth asking whether that's how we want the world to work.
When totally innocent actions are criminal offenses, everybody is at risk of capricious prosecution. Or, worse, targeted prosecution for political reasons. Do we really want anybody considering a political act or statement to be scared out of it by realizing that they could do serious jail time for some innocent act?
Indeed, 99% of the time these edge cases won't affect you. But there's still that 1%...
Anyway, I guess internet is still a good place to find publicly available information not yet copyrighted by some doomed organisation.
If you look at prospectuses for film production companies, you'll often see a section on distribution to what are known as "ancillary markets" such as tv, hotels, airlines, prisons, and yes, oil rigs.
All it really means is that there's a different license fee structure in each of those cases.
Not unlike different sorts of license fees for using software in different situations, or even some types of Creative Commons which require separate negotiation of a license in certain commercial situations.
I wonder if there's a clause disallowing transport of the DVD to a non-Berne Convention country (or non-TRIPs or whatever).
A government is failing badly in it's duty to the populus if they allow large companies to make known false claims (or indeed unknown claims) as to the legal position of a buyer.
Sure you could sue for fraud or some-such but it strikes me this sort of situation is where government needs to use a strong hand to keep corporations in line.
If the rig is in international waters, the story might be different.
Most of the copyright laws are standing on the line of sanity and one small change can make them appear like creation of a kindergarten kid.
Recent technology is making several business models (of which the RIAA is a great example) obsolete. These businesses are powerful enough not to die the way the typewriter or the analog photo film did. These laws (like the DMCA) are a cry for help, a last resort from a dying industry. This is why their side of the argument has always appealed to emotions and not reason. ("How would the world be without movies?" - a complete straw man).
I don't believe it's a conspiracy to make the rich even richer, it has more to do with the difficulty of renewing oneself when technology makes you obsolete. The problem is that a few (or more) innocent casualties are going to get hurt as the Hollywood Titanic (yay, a metaphor!) goes down, but ultimately this whole "technological protection measures" shenanigan is going to disappear. Hollywood is doomed and it knows it.
That being said, I think the US is ahead of other countries when it comes to finding a solution to this problem. The effects of the SOPA/PIPA protests had on Congress is the obvious example, but more broadly, the constant ongoing debate looks promising. This debate is always avoided or dismissed as nonesense in France (where I currently live) and it cannot possibly be held in the Middle East (where I'm from).
I just wished the judiciary system wasn't so harsh on the scapegoats of this whole mess. Because let's face it, the victims (again, obvious one is Schwartz, but there are many others) are scapegoats and everybody knows it.
Movies and music are still a mess though.
Also, not so sure the technology is entirely responsible for the difficulties these businesses are having. I think it partly an excuse. One of the big things they have against them, is that our money now has more places for us to chose for it to go. There is a lot more to spend our money one, and many chose not to spend money on TV, movies and music. Especially when a huge opinion is that the quality had lowered to a lowest common denominator.
In the past they (TV, music, movies) had a monopoly over our spare cash. They could dictate. I think history will see the last 50 years as a weird anomaly where the media had a disproportionate amount of control over the market. Look at the 70's, no competition from out side the industry. Total control. Cartel like pricing. The whole period was a joke in favour of these industries. It work and they liked it.
Now, not only as you say the technology has over taken them, but there are now other things to spend money on. If they were to completely secure their medium, and we had no way round it, many would just do with out, still spending money on other things. Worse now in a recession as spare cash tightens up. Might even hurt them because the free advertising of illegal down loading would cease. For example, I might down load a movie, and tell others how great it was. I might never buy it, but some of my friends might. Well, I know that is true. Several movies I've torrented have been since bought on DVD or watch on a legit online paid for service as a result of me illegally seeing it and raving on about it to others. Heh, right now my son is paying to watch 24 online because I went on about how good it was.
What is appalling about the whole thing is the governments colluding with the dying dinosaurs to use the instrument of law to keep the rotting failed businesses in business. If the US, etc, were really capitalists they would let capitalism work, supply and demand, and allow these businesses if necessary to go bust. Then people would have to innovate and create something new to move on. But this is strangled while the deluded government and businesses struggle on by criminalising and terrorising people with heavy handed laws that ruin lives. Its a complete abuse of power and democracy, leaving capitalism limp and useless.
Oh. Too much. Sorry.... Hope no one has lapsed in to a coma. :)
I would be willing to accept the fact that DVDs were invented so long ago that some of their restrictions are a little archaic.
What the DMCA says is that you can't strip and redistribute the content, not that you can't strip and watch it. This is an old false stalking horse.
And even if this is correct, this wouldn't make you a criminal; since nobody knows, this does not rise to the level of intent.
Notice how if this was true, people would be making a fortune going after TiVo.
Notice that he's also saying that it's legal to jailbreak a phone (it isn't, anymore,) and that the reason it was legal was an exemption to the DMCA (which is completely incorrect.)
Notice that the thing he's claiming is illegal is a link to a thing that's actually about a completely different topic - space shifting, ie they claim, taking the DVD, decoding it, then transferring that decoded version to another device.
Oh, and that place he's citing is also wrong. This isn't what the problem is in the eyes of the copyright office. Space shifting is perfectly legal, and is done on large consumer devices all the time. iTunes can do it, your Archos can do it, the SlingBox can do it, the high end TiVo can do it, I think the Hopper might be able to, et cetera.
Quoting the source he claims said this was illegal:
> "And the RIAA and the MPAA agree with you. In
> 2005, their lawyer (now the Solicitor General of
> the United States) assured the Supreme Court that
> “The record companies, my clients, have said, for
> some time now, and it’s been on their Website for
> some time now, that it’s perfectly lawful to take a
> CD that you’ve purchased, upload it onto your
> computer, put it onto your iPod."
> Movie executives agree as well. Mitch Singer, the
> Chief Technology Officer of Sony Pictures Entertainment
> explained to author Robert Levine that the idea for
> the movie industry’s UltraViolet program evolved out
> of Singer’s own frustration with transferring movies
> between PCs in his home.
And, of course, the Fair Use clause of the copyright act makes it perfectly clear that you're allowed to do this as long as you aren't transmitting it to other people. Have fun. Go nuts.
There was a point at which it was, briefly, illegal to decode DVDs under Linux, but it had nothing to do with any of this, and it's long since undone. What was actually going on was that the MP3 decoder is under patent by Fraunhofer AG, and back in the mid-1990s, before most people understood what Linux was, but when MP3 players were starting to become popular, Fraunhofer started to assert their patent to take money from device manufacturers.
A few MP3 makers protested that they were using the MP3 stuff built into Linux, and as such they weren't the ones using the tech, Linux was, and Fraunhofer ought to go after Linux. Fraunhofer fell for this, and in response, the community removed MP3 stuff to insulate itself from legal nonsense. A couple months later Fraunhofer figured out what Linux was, and issued a free use license like decent people, but the community was so long since neckbearded out over the topic that they never put any of it back in.
And then the legends of what was going on began.
This is why you don't take legal advice from random programmers on the internet.
This is a bunch of moral panic over a misunderstanding of the copyright system. There's absolutely no reason that it's illegal to watch a DVD in America. This just isn't true at all.
> What the DMCA says is that you can't strip and redistribute the content, not that you can't strip and watch it.
No, the law is clear that circumventing a copyrights protection measure is illegal. Similar laws got passed in many countries.
Here's a case from the US: (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RealNetworks%2C_Inc._v._DVD_Co...)
> The court decided that RealDVD is primarily designed or produced to circumvent CSS technology. In particular, the court found that the removal of crucial CSS technology in DVD drive-locking, secure storage of content keys on DVD, CSS authentication and CSS bus encryption during the playback of copied DVD content from the hard dive is a circumvention of CSS, even though they are not needed when playback from the hard drive. The court further explained that even though RealNetworks is a licensee of CSS technology, it does not shield RealNetworks from DMCA claim because the removal of CSS technology is a violation of DMCA.
It's important to actually understand the case.
No. Some laws are not enforced, but that doesn't make the regulated activity legal.
Someone who owns the original DVD and who wants to play it back (with no storage or format shifting) is breaking the law, because there's no authority from the copyrights holders.
> “circumvent a technological measure” means to descramble a scrambled work, to decrypt an encrypted work, or otherwise to avoid, bypass, remove, deactivate, or impair a technological measure, without the authority of the copyright owner;
Under this interpretation, the authority would extend to viewing the material on any platform or player, but it wouldn't extend to saving a permanently decrypted copy (as you had a license to view the decrypted material, but not to keep a permanent decrypted copy) as in a rip of the DVD to one's hard drive.
I'm sort of confused where this is coming from.
There is no authorised method to do this on Linux. Thus, anyone watching a DVD on Linux is circumventing an effective rights protection measure without authorisation. That's a crime in the US. (And similar actions are crimes in other countries too.)
No, you don't. You just need to decode it. What's illegal is leaving it decoded and redistributing it to others.
"There is no authorised method to do this on Linux."
One, there doesn't need to be.
Two, of course there is. Have you ever even tried to look?
"Thus, anyone watching a DVD on Linux is circumventing an effective rights protection"
Luckily, the Supreme Court, the RIAA, the MPAA, and the current Attorney General of the United States disagree with you, as does a casual familiarity with the law.
To watch a DVD you need to decode the CSS.
You either have authorisation to do this, or you don't.
On Linux there is no authorised method to do this, and thus it is illegal.
Whether anyone is interested in prosecuting that illegal use is irrelevant to this discussion; and it's not been what you've claimed.
> What's illegal is leaving it decoded and redistributing it to others.
Let's examine this sentence.
i) circumventing the rights protection without authorisation is illegal.
ii) distributing copy right material without permissions is illegal
Thus, your sentence "What's illegal is leaving it decoded and redistributing it to others" covers 2 illegalities, the circumvention and the distribution.
> Two, of course there is. Have you ever even tried to look?
Yes, I have tried to look. I can't show you what I have not found. Have you tried to look? Feel free to provide a link to any rights holder anywhere giving authorisation.
The part where the Supreme Court and the US Attorney General say you're wrong is probably your first hint.
"To watch a DVD you need to decode the CSS."
"You either have authorisation to do this, or you don't."
Authorization is a function of whether you paid for it.
"On Linux there is no authorised method to do this, and thus it is illegal."
1) There doesn't need to be. Authorization is not about what technology is in use.
2) There are actually Linux DVD players which have paid for their Fraunhofer license; I don't know why you keep claiming otherwise, when a simple Google search can straighten this out.
3) Again, authorization has nothing to do with what software you're using, and everything to do with whether you plonked five dollars on the till at Walmart. It's called the First Sale Doctrine.
"Whether anyone is interested in prosecuting that illegal use is irrelevant to this discussion"
Why do you keep bringing up something nobody else is talking about, then saying "but that's irrelevant?"
"i) circumventing the rights protection without authorisation is illegal."
Yes, this is the piece you keep repeating, like just saying it a bunch of extra times will change what authorization is.
"Thus, your sentence "What's illegal is leaving it decoded and redistributing it to others" covers 2 illegalities"
"Yes, I have tried to look"
Try harder. There's Fluendo, LinDVD, the codecs in Ubuntu have been licensed from Cyberlink since 2008, Boxee is legal, your TiVo (which is Linux) can give you a legal remote viewer as a .deb, et cetera.
You're too busy feeling correct to check the things being said to you.
"I really don't understand what you don't get about this."
Which is commonly the case for people who don't consider what it means that they think someone citing the Supreme Court and the US Attorney General is wrong about the law.
Please have a nice day; I'm bored of this.
No it isn't. Authorisation is a function of whatever rights you're given, normally at the point of purchase but not necessarily.
> 2) There are actually Linux DVD players which have paid for their Fraunhofer license; I don't know why you keep claiming otherwise
I have never said that there are no Linux distributions that do not have a valid Fraunhofer licence. This is not about patent restrictions. We agreed that earlier in the thread, and I thought that you understood that point, but perhaps I was mistaken.
Taking just one example from your list: Boxee uses libdvdcss to circumvent the CSS encryption on DVDs and thus it's possibly breaking the DMCA. Again, just because no-one is going to prosecute doesn't make it lawful.
> someone citing the
None of the cites you've made have supported your various changing positions.
I don't think that's right. The DMCA forbids circumventing access controls, which would include decrypting a DVD; you have to decrypt a DVD to watch it as well as to copy it, so both potentially infringe the DMCA. At least, that seems to be confirmed by the FAQ at Chilling Effects, which is an advocacy site, but one run by lawyers. What's the source for your understanding of the DMCA?
I'm not sure where you get the idea that decoding a DVD is a form of circumventing access controls, since as an owner, access is controlled not for you, but for others.
This means you can't redistribute it, not that you can't watch it. Access control means keeping unauthorized people out, not keeping legitimate purchasers out.
Maybe you should ask a lawyer.
"At least, that seems to be confirmed by the FAQ at Chilling Effects"
And dis-confirmed by the Supreme Court, the US Attorney General, the RIAA, the MPAA, et cetera.
I bet you can guess who I believe.
"an advocacy site, but one run by lawyers"
Lawyers who are ignoring black letter law to make their advocacy site seem important.
"What's the source for your understanding of the DMCA?"
> This means you can't redistribute it, not that you can't watch it. Access control means keeping unauthorized people out, not keeping legitimate purchasers out.
DVDs are sometimes region encoded. Bob visits EU (from US) and buys a region-encoded DVD. He goes home, and tries to view this DVD, but it doesn't work on his machine. He looks online, and finds a hack to turn his machine from a region X machine into a region 0 ("all regions") machine.
Do you agree that Bob is breaking the law here? Specifically, the DMCA anti-circumvention bits of the law?
>"What's the source for your understanding of the DMCA?"
> Already cited.
I've tried to find it in the thread but I'm having trouble. Please, would you mind citing it again? Thanks.
Wikipedia says it was a DMCA exemption (and cites a source). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phone_unlocking#United_States
Jailbreaking still is legal, and is unrelated to this DMCA exception.
There is no jailbreaking exemption under DMCA. There doesn't need to be; it was never illegal in the first place, thanks to the first sale doctrine (in some states reinforced under the name "doctrine of first ownership.")
That's two in a row.
Don't stop reading at the first half of the sentence, please.
What that actually is about is the Copyright office saying "yes, you can edit your own phone to remove the restrictions that allow you to take it to another carrier, then take it to another carrier."
The decision is not about jailbreaking; it's about editing the software then putting it on a network. The issue was whether that was seen as a form of sharing of the edited contents. The decision says "of course it isn't, but we're going to put it in black letter law, so that Apple can't take this to some podunk court in Texas, and spin them until they don't understand the issue."
Jailbreaking has never been illegal in the United States.
If you just make it to the middle of that same paragraph: "Apple's request to define copyright law to include jailbreaking as a violation was denied as part of the 2009 DMCA rulemaking."
Please actually read the links you give when arguing. It's especially important because the links you're giving should be your first hints that you're wrong. However, you're so certain that you're right that you aren't even checking.
Wikipedia's wording isn't very clear (although it would be clearer if you didn't quote a single sentence out of context), but that sentence is talking about a DMCA exemption, not saying the Library of Congress made a statement that jailbreaking was never a violation. Here's the EFF discussing the jailbreaking exemption created by the 2009 DMCA rulemaking: https://www.eff.org/cases/2009-dmca-rulemaking
No, that sentence, which talks about things that happened while the DMCA was being written, before it was a law at all, is not in fact talking about an exemption.
Apple tried to have this made illegal; they got laughed at.
And now you've posted a third link which agrees with me as evidence that you're right.
I think I'm going to stop responding now, because you're pretty obviously on auto-pilot.
"as part of the 2009 DMCA rulemaking" is talking about something that happened before the DMCA was passed? Hint: the DMCA was passed in 1998.
>I think I'm going to stop responding now, because you're pretty obviously on auto-pilot.
I don't know if you're projecting or trolling.
It's not like he said:
"Please actually read the links you give when arguing. It's especially important because the links you're giving should be your first hints that you're wrong. However, you're so certain that you're right that you aren't even checking."
"I think I'm going to stop responding now, because you're pretty obviously on auto-pilot."
Are you in a manic phase or something?
The part where he says projecting or trolling. I guess I have a pretty similar reaction to you, where when I say I'm walking away because he's not listening to me, you infer mental illness.
Sometimes it's best to keep it a little calmer. Someone doesn't have to be mentally ill to walk away from someone accusing them of being a troll.
I hope you'll consider whether that phrasing was actually appropriate. Please have a good day.
Except that it is (in the US at least, the country that is the subject of this article). Carrier unlocking on newly purchased locked phones is no longer legal in the US, which may be what you were thinking of, but he addresses this in the paragraph following the one you cited:
"As of January, it’s not legal to unlock your phone without the permission of the carrier that you bought it from, assuming they locked it in the first place."
> and that the reason it was legal was an exemption to the DMCA (which is completely incorrect.)
"the U.S. Copyright Office explicitly recognized an exemption to the DMCA to permit jailbreaking in order to allow iPhone owners to use their phones with applications that are not available from Apple's store"
> This is why you don't take legal advice from random programmers on the internet.
You said it.
Absolutely wrong. Nothing about fair use is perfectly clear. Fair use is a guide for courts to determine if the individual case fits within fair use.
The whole outrage over the DMCA is that it can prevent fair use, because fair use doesn't allow circumventing the DMCA.
That does not make it illegal to unlock a phone. Is there any case law supporting the notion that unlocking a phone actually is a DMCA violation, or just the carriers claiming that it is (possibly in settled lawsuits)?
Also the POTUS, the US Attorney General, and the law.
> Is there any case law supporting
Neither uninformed skepticism nor demands for us to do your research for you while holding up zero evidence of your own validate your position.
> or just the carriers
Seriously, try hitting Google once or twice. This is hard to watch.
It does cite case law that points in the direction that the DMCA is only triggered when the lock protects a creative work, which cell phone access may not be. Considering how carefully the EFF tracks these things, if there was case law supporting the carriers' (and possibly executive branch's) position, they would mention it.
The people behind Handbrake are somewhat touchy about this, for good reason.
If you want to play a DVD on Linux, boot Windows for that. Or use a DVD player. Or don't watch DVDs any more. Or crack it in the comfort of your own home for only your own use, and noone will ever prosecute you.
However, there's also the right to make private copies, and I'm not aware of any relevant case law.
Keep in mind that this is civil law, and "Wo kein Kläger, da kein Richter" ("No plaintiff, no judge").