I think Go was designed with this in mind? Also, Haskell's type system guards against this. On the other hand C does nothing to prevent you from shooting yourself in the foot and C++, while improving some things, makes it overall worse because of sheer amount of constructs in the language.
Ruby and JS are better in that they run on VMs and so won't segfault (that often), but other than that they do very little to help avoid making mistakes (implicit undefineds passed to functions in JS...).
Anyway, languages are not created equal and one thing a language designer can optimize for is to reduce the probability of programmer making mistake. That's only one of the variables however and sometimes it's the other goals that are more important and then we get languages like C++. That's not to say it's bad, it's just optimized for different things.