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Blekko donates search data to Common Crawl (blekko.com)
106 points by dwynings 572 days ago | comments


hosay123 572 days ago | link

The point worth note is that it's not an archive of downloaded pages, it's data for the Blekko equivalent of PageRank (i.e. computed relationships, not just the pages). To generate this independently would not only require access to a large crawl, but also robust code and most probably a large cluster to compute it in reasonable time, not to mention legal advice to avoid stepping on Google (et al) patents.

If only certain other companies weren't so precious about their publicly derived data. Fabulous donation.

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Aloisius 571 days ago | link

If only certain other companies weren't so precious about their publicly derived data. Fabulous donation.

Agreed. I look forward to the day when the Open Data movement is as established as the Open Source movement.

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jacquesm 571 days ago | link

> not to mention legal advice to avoid stepping on Google (et al) patents.

You may be right, you may not be right, but if this is the equivalent of PageRanked data then you may not be in the clear to use this as is. After all if 'PageRank' went into producing it buying it and using it makes you the beneficiary of patent infringement.

Personally I'd say so-su-mi, but I still think that it should be noted that the fact that someone else did the infringing does not put you automatically in the clear when using the end product.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patent_infringement_under_Unite...

Section indirect infringement.

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AznHisoka 571 days ago | link

No, this is not the equivalent of PageRank. it could be an approximation however, and they are probably calling it a different name.

If that's not legal, then SEOMoz would've been sued a long long time ago (see OpenSiteExplorer, Page Authority, Domain Authority, etc)

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greglindahl 571 days ago | link

blekko doesn't compute PageRank, and we don't compute anything similar to it, either. It's highly gamed and less useful than you might think. (The academic equivalent of PageRank for research papers is highly gamed, too, by citation clubs...)

By the way, the original PageRank patent is owned and licensed by Stanford University, not by Google.

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hosay123 571 days ago | link

Can you tell us a little more about what the 'ranking metadata' is, as there's not much to go on from the announcement. It's also not clear whether the data is available only for Common Crawl's operational purposes, or whether it's intended to become an integral part of the public data set.

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greglindahl 571 days ago | link

The ranking metadata consists of: domain ranks, url ranks, and booleans for whether blekko considers the domain or url to be webspam or porn. This list will expand in the future.

The data is currently available for Common Crawl's operational purposes, and is eventually going to be part of Common Crawl's public dataset. We're currently ironing out a useful format for making it efficiently accessible, compatible with some other metadata which Common Crawl is planning on making available.

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graue 572 days ago | link

This is great, but I'm confused by the part about avoiding porn:

> Common Crawl will use blekko’s metadata to improve its crawl quality, while avoiding webspam, porn, and the influence of excessive SEO (search engine optimization)

Why avoid porn? Millions of people deliberately search for porn on the internet every day. It's hardly less worthy of crawling than any other content. The next sentence goes on to suggest that porn is not "useful to humans", which is obviously false.

If Common Crawl is indeed filtering out content they determine to be pornographic, I hope they are taking care not to also remove information on sexual and relationship health and LGBT rights, which are often collateral damage of porn-blocking systems. And it would be nice to see an open acknowledgement that filtering is going on - I couldn't find any references to this at commoncrawl.org.

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randomstring 572 days ago | link

I work at Blekko and am the primary engineer working on our porn tagger. We include LGBT, reproductive/sexual health, breast cancer, bands like "Pussycat Riot," etc in our training set to make sure these sites do not get hidden from our search results.

We do not have anything against porn. However, when people are not searching for porn, showing them porn results makes for a bad search experience. So identifying porn, and only showing porn on relevant porn results is vitally important to search quality.

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graue 571 days ago | link

Awesome, sounds like you're on it. And yeah, there are sites where it's far too easy to find porn when you don't mean to, e.g. Tumblr.

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jacquesm 571 days ago | link

So tag it but include it.

Your answer is a bit at odds with http://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=4933437

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ChuckMcM 571 days ago | link

Jacques, the porn is there, its just identified as such. Whether or not it is included in results is a function on the query.

One of the funny things about language is that there is always a 'pun' or an innuendo which can trigger a hit on a porn site, however if most of what you're looking for isn't porn then the web site has to assume you are not looking for porn and avoid some NSFW link from surfacing into your search results. You could always explicitly ask for it with /porn but then that is a clear signal of what you are looking for.

Part of the crawl data includes an indication as to whether or not the ranker thought the document was 'porn' or 'not porn', so if you're selecting things to return you can ignore that bit, mixing porn with non-porn when someone searches for 'beavers' you get a wider variety of results than you would if you were assuming you meant the furry critters which chew on trees or sports teams and limiting results to those documents.

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jacquesm 571 days ago | link

That's actually really useful.

Having it there but tagged is halfway towards being able to use it to filter them out. Not having it means that when you merge it with another set that you're not going to be able to remove the porn.

And it also allows you to use it as a training set for classifiers.

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ChuckMcM 571 days ago | link

"And it also allows you to use it as a training set for classifiers."

One could imagine a project on Common Crawl which auto-generated a list of slang terms for porny things by creating a list of n-grams from the words used in documents tagged as porn.

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LisaG 572 days ago | link

Graue I am from Common Crawl. We don't filter for porn. A corpus of web data needs to include porn or it wouldn't be a representative sample of the web ;) We do want to enrich our sample of the web with high-value sites and that is where the blekko data will be so incredibly valuable.

I really appreciate your mention of LGBT and sexual health sites being collateral damage - we need to draw more attention to that problem. I would love to see someone work with Common Crawl to improve methods of distinguishing. Lisa

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graue 571 days ago | link

Glad to have brought up the issue. Sounds like you should talk to 'randomstring, above.

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jmillikin 572 days ago | link

  > The next sentence goes on to suggest that porn is not
  > "useful to humans", which is obviously false.
It's worth noting that porn is, in fact, of use only to humans.

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graue 571 days ago | link

So are webspam and SEO abuse, but just to a small number of humans and not the ones performing the search. :)

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ot 572 days ago | link

This is going to be invaluable for information retrieval researchers.

Google, MSR, and Yahoo! have an edge on research over universities because of the large amount of data they collect from the users; all the other institutions are left with either small-size benchmark datasets or synthetic data, which are usually not representative of the actual usage scenarios. I myself had to synthetize a query log from the Wikipedia request logs to test some of my data structures on large-scale data.

I expect to see a huge number of papers which will use these data in their experiments in the immediate future. Thanks, Blekko!

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robrenaud 571 days ago | link

As far as I can tell, this contribution from Blekko doesn't have any user data/queries in it.

As far as I can tell, this is the best resource for publicly available search engine query logs.

http://jeffhuang.com/search_query_logs.html

I don't intend to downplay the contribution, having a large collection of spam/porn classified web docs is still a very nice thing to have for researchers.

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greglindahl 571 days ago | link

This is our first donation. We have a lot more we plan on giving, but for user queries, for example, the privacy issues are a lot more difficult to work through. We have no interest in being the next privacy scandal.

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greglindahl 572 days ago | link

If you'd like to see some examples of what you can do with Common Crawl data, here are the winning projects from a code contest held last September:

http://commoncrawl.org/announcing-the-winners-of-the-code-co...

Some code libraries for using Common Crawl data:

https://github.com/commoncrawl/

Some clues for getting started:

http://commoncrawl.org/get-started/

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chiph 572 days ago | link

This is a pretty cool thing that you're doing, Greg.

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LisaG 572 days ago | link

I am part of Common Crawl and I just wanted to say that we are super excited about blekko's donation! This is yet another demonstration how much blekko values openness and transparency.

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nell 571 days ago | link

I was at the open data meetup in Mozilla where Common Crawl presented and Blekko's CTO was present. Little did I know that great stuff like this was in the making.

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ssalevan 572 days ago | link

Common Crawl has a really neat mission, as there isn't a whole lot of free and open data out in the world right now and they're trying to change that. With this donation it looks like their commons will be augmented with some great stuff and that can only mean awesome things.

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kjackson2012 572 days ago | link

I've tried Blekko a couple of times, and thought they were okay, but I don't find them so much better than Google to make me switch.

I'm curious, how Blekko can stay in business? Do they get enough traffic and revenue from ads, etc, to maintain some sort of positive cash flow, or are they simply burning through cash from investors?

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frederi 571 days ago | link

For me, blekko doesn't have to be "so much better" to make me use it over Google, it just has to be just as good or slightly better because I respect and support blekko's philosophy. If two products were of equal quality, wouldn't you rather use the one made by a company that shares your values?

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LisaG 571 days ago | link

Strongly agree! blekko's Bill of Rights is a great expression of their values and of why we should all be using blekko.

blekko Bill of Rights

1. Search shall be open

2. Search results shall involve people

3. Ranking data shall not be kept secret

4. Web data shall be readily available

5. There is no one-size-fits-all for search

6. Advanced search shall be accessible

7. Search engine tools shall be open to all

8. Search & community go hand-in-hand

9. Spam does not belong in search results

10. Privacy of searchers shall not be violated

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boyter 571 days ago | link

Although to be fair, you have to pay to get the SEO/Ranking data now. I'm cool with that if it keeps the service open but it should be pointed out.

On a related note www.procog.com has a totally open algorithm.

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mtgx 572 days ago | link

Last I checked Blekko was pretty good, better than DuckDuckGo in search relevancy I thought, but that was like a year ago.

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jggonz 572 days ago | link

It has gotten even better! =)

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NonEUCitizen 572 days ago | link

Does Blekko also NOT track you, like DuckDuckGo ?

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sp332 572 days ago | link

The terms seem pretty reasonable, which means they are not as extreme as DDG's. https://blekko.com/about/privacy-policy

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chuhnk 572 days ago | link

I wondered how Google's foothold in search would ever be overcome. I think this might just be the start of something.

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iroy 571 days ago | link

Google has had years to tweak and tune things. I think it is practically impossible for anyone to match them, let alone surpass them in index quality.

Google needs to open its index and create a search market place. There are millions of domain/location specific apps that can be built around that index.

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