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I've seen his right of way comment. But if you've got something ground based, that is 1200 km long, how can you avoid right of way issues? My guess is that he means to build it in the ocean. There aren't a lot of people living there. If so, it could look like anything you want and there would be no "right of way issues". (Update, it just hit me! If you build this in the ocean, with neutral buoyancy under water, then you don't have to worry about earthquakes or weather! Built on land and able to handle earthquakes is a lot harder.)

But the stopping properties deserve more thought. California has regular earthquakes. What happens if you've got large hunks of metal going 1200 km/h over a section of loop that just was hit by one, what happens?

My suspicion is that you build regular emergency exit tubes. (Many of which might also be good for regular tube service.) The cars are let out at the nearest one. The machinery is at risk, the people are mostly OK.

You then try to stop the plungers with regenerative braking, dumping air in, etc. Or you can build a fast emergency stop, such as having exit holes that you can drop plungers into at high speed, which carries them far enough away from the tube that they won't destroy it when they impact.

This has to be carefully worked through. But the first and most critical piece is the ability to quickly and reliably dump passengers from most of the system. And that shouldn't be that hard to do.

I read somewhere (can't find a quick reference) of a coating that resembles the structure of shark-skin, this reduces drag enormously by creating local turbulence which reduces the shear forces required to separate the layers of fluid adhering to a surface.

A coating like that on the inside of the tube and the outside of the vehicle would be an interesting component but the fluid dynamics of such a set-up are way beyond my abilities to calculate.

This whole thing is all about energy budgets, you'd have to take the amount of fuel it takes a passenger car or rail car to move from one point to another, then take some reasonable savings estimate and then work backwards from there to see how much energy you could expend on friction, drag and so on.

I have a hard time accepting that the friction in a tube while drafting would be that much higher than friction losses to a body of air that is mostly standing still and from playing around with a car and a friend of mine who is a trucker (don't try this at home kids) I've seen how low fuel consumption can go if you are properly in the slip-stream of another vehicle.

There has to be some way to make the numbers work on that. But unless 'no right of way issues' means underground (or ocean bound, which means it would only work between coastal cities and would have a pretty terrible failure mode) the whole thing is off the table anyway.

I can't stop thinking about it though :)

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