Its only a single bit, the polarization of the photon, that is found to have been determined in both places simultaneously. Its true that this is a new piece of information that arises in both locations simultaneously, but since this is a thing that appears in two places rather than something that moves from place A to place B I'd argue that the term "teleportation" is pretty misleading here. After the measurement the measured particle is hopelessly entangled with the measurement apparatus and through that with the surrounding universe, so the unique link between the two particle is hopelessly broken at that point.
That's not true. You measure one of the qubits, and its state is destroyed, randomly scrambled. When you transmit the information and apply it to the other qubit, it now has the same polarization as the first one had, before. You still don't know what the polarization is though! The entanglement is still intact, and you haven't made a measurement of the system (as a whole) so the wavefunction has not collapsed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_teleportation#Remarks