"I think successful entrepreneurs probably come in all sizes, shapes and flavors. I'm not sure there's any one particular thing. For me, some of the things I've described already I think are very important. I think really an obsessive nature with respect to the quality of the product is very important and so being an obsessive compulsive is a good thing in this context. Really liking what you do, whatever area that you get into, even if you're the best of the best, there's always a chance of failure so I think it's important that you really like whatever you're doing. If you don't like it, life is too short. I'd say also, if you like what you're doing, you think about it even when you're not working. It's something that your mind is drawn to and if you don't like it, you just really can't make it work I think."
But I think could also reflect an epistomological stance that only a few things can really be known. As wamatt mentioned, not everyone has the time to build a fortress of logic around everything they say. So the more efficient approach is to state their belief and then offer Just In Time defenses of why they hold these beliefs if the need to justify them is important.
I think this constructive approach is better, in terms of effort and strength, than stating an argument and listing a non exhaustive list of possible exceptions - which is really a dual and more energetic form of the use of I think to ward off objection. Rather than hiding behind a lack of substance, you hide behind too much substance (that may even serve to confuse your main point).
The inclusion of "I think" (a) makes it clear that this is one person's view(which itself may change) and not some world order (b) gives the audience permission at some level to form their own view.
I confess it's always seemed redundant to me. Of course what I say is just my viewpoint, and what you say is your viewpoint. And of course you have permission to form your own viewpoint.
I guess I'm really asking, do people feel they need to have permission to form their own view? I can't recall ever feeling that I didn't have that freedom, no matter how definitive the person's view sounded. I literally never even consider that possibility.
If other people never hear someone linguistically marking their belief states with reliability indicators (even when their statements clearly need them by common phrasing norms), then the listeners will have much less reason to believe the speaker uses any reliability metrics internally, and that is just sloppy thinking. This is, I believe, the reasoning behind listeners believing that speakers who never use something like "I think" are "know it all's" who take their own opinions as gospel. If you want people to know your internal knowledge representations carry proper markers of fallibility, communicate that part of the representations in your words. That is the common norm, and other people aren't mind readers to know you mean different.
Also, listeners can make good use of reliability markers from speakers, and so would like them. Such markers can communicate helpful information (close or distant source, checked validity or not, fits well with other knowns or not, reasoning from one person or checked over by many), so why leave them out? Inclusion costs so little, and omission risks unnecessary confusion.
This is basic communication practice; if you don't mean to communicate to others that you consider yourself very certain on some matter, then you shouldn't send the type of messages to others that you know they will interpret as you saying you are very certain on some matter.
Yes, but many people do not recognize this part. After they speak their mind they will carry on as if those statements are an absolute fact.
When they recognize that they are voicing an opinion it signals to me, whether I agree or disagree, that they a likely to be the sort of person with whom constructive debate might be possible.
Absolutes have utility, it takes far more cognitive processing for my brain to say. "By and large, blah blah, for example, then list 3 counter examples" just for your benefit so that you can see, "oh ok this guy is not a dumb manager type" or whatever categorization goes on behind polite judgements in your subconsious.
So if you think I should learn to use absolutes less, your type of thinking should learn to understand the concept of opportunity cost, and just how prevalent it is.
Even thinking a thought, is an opportunity cost. Reading this sentence is an opportunity cost. The reason Musk got to where he was, is precisely because he didn't write 500 page essays that explained his position comprehensively.
That is the tradeoff one faces as an entrepreneur. People often spot the pattern of my "black and white" thinking and assume that I actually am specifically attached to that attitude. False. That is more common with an STJ type.
Another common issue is that NTP's tend to be more impartial. But the presence of ego words like "me, I," etc does not actually mean I'm invested in the outcome of the statements. Simply it's derived from a natural cognitive style, that tends to see things from my own perspective.
Being able to see multiple perspectives, does NOT equate to objectivity. That is probably the biggest fallacy of all the NTP's.
People seem to love the concept of the wisdom of crowds. Well what about the stupidity of crowds? (eg religion)
"E-Prime [...] is a version of the English language that excludes all forms of the verb to be. [...] Some scholars advocate using E-Prime as a device to clarify thinking and strengthen writing."
Say what you believe, like you believe it. We already know it's your opinion, you're the one saying it. Saying "I think" just makes you look weak and like you don't believe your own words.
It's mostly just annoying, not a sign of humility. A sign of humility is talking in absolutes and changing them when new data is available.
From all who care to dream,
Thank you Elon Musk!
Jobs wanted computers to be accessible for families and the general public and he was quite successful (iPhone alone is a huge success). Elon is trying to do the same but in the field of clean energy (tesla motors, solar city) and space travel.
But on another note, Elon musk is a whole different level. Because he knows the design and engineering aspect of his field and knows how to market it while still have the genuine intention of pushing humanity forward.
I think Elon Musk is a great role model for kids and future generation. As the old Internet saying goes "I think Elon is a pretty cool guy. He does rocket science and doesn't afraid of anything."
If you're talking about Steve Jobs, the person and not the accomplishments, then I agree. But there's no "next Jaisen Mathai" either then.
The whole series is really high quality...definitely recommend.
He gives the same sort of advice on other interviews like these:
Getting things done: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MOPgM7Sc2VQ
Work hard: http://vator.tv/news/2010-12-23-elon-musk-work-twice-as-hard...
Critical Thinking: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5nMQ0-1jqFs&feature=relat...
There are only a handful of interviews from Stanford's ETS that I've skipped or stopped halfway, so I'd take a guess and say it was pretty good :)
It took me a while to work out why it wasn't showing up in my Stanford eCorner iTunes subscription.
Just look at Elon's excitement at the 9:36 mark of this video as well as all of SpaceX employee's enthusiasm. This was truly a huge success despite the challenging odds.
It's an amusing contrast of how Elon was like "Yeah that's pretty cool I guess." when director Jon Favreau based Iron Man on him and donated an Iron Man statue to SpaceX headquarters signed by the whole cast. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CECAda_XCDU
I hope Apollo astronauts Neil Armstrong and Eugene Cernan will show their support for Elon now that the mission was a success, partly due to collaboration with NASA. This is also NASA's victory, really, since they can save millions in the future by contracting with an American company instead of relying on the Russians.
He must feel on top of the world turning around a successful mission in the face of being rejected by his heroes. I know I want to feel like that.
SpaceX so far has spent roughly a billion dollars developing the Falcon 1, Falcon 9, and the unmanned Dragon capsule. They will spend a bit more developing the manned Dragon (a few hundred million) and are continuing to develop other hardware such as revisions of the Falcon 9 launcher (Block 2, and an upgraded version 1.1 with considerably greater payload), the Falcon Heavy launcher (with over 50 tonnes of payload, based on the Falcon 9 1.1 core), and a fully reusable Falcon 9 launcher as well as Dragon capsule.