Yes. In Scheme, call/cc is generally not used directly. Instead, you build higher level abstractions, for example full co-routines or perhaps more limited "generators" like Python has. Co-routines have been around for more than 30 years. It's quite said to see the Node.js developers ignore decades of language research. Implementing concurrency using callback functions is definitely a "worse is better" approach. Maybe it will win because of that.
Edit: I guess a hopeful idea is that there should be no reason something like call/cc could not be added to Node.js. In that case, the extensive library of non-blocking functionally will be very handy since you could build a sane continuation based interface on top of it and escape from callback purgatory.