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GravityLight – Light from the Lift of a Weight (deciwatt.global)
167 points by ColinWright 3 days ago | hide | past | favorite | 58 comments





This smells like some attempt at getting money out of bloated aid agencies.

A car battery and an el-cheapo solar panel can be had for the same price (or less - used batteries that may not hold enough charge might still be suitable to power some lights can be obtained for free) and has the advantage of being a simple system, understandable by everyone, repairable in the field with easy to obtain parts and way more rugged & reliable than what seems like a plastic, proprietary contraption with intricate moving parts and electronics.


I’m not an expert but I believe the recommendation is to use deep discharge marine (i.e. boat) batteries instead of car batteries.

If you have the resources to get those, sure. But even a standard car battery will do, at least for some time, and if you can get more use per dollar out of those (and I assume end-of-life car batteries can be obtained very cheaply as they are essentially waste and no longer usable for their intended purpose) it will still work out better than paying extra for the "proper" battery.

12V car batteries are recycled. You actually get money back when you return one to a store.

This assumes you are in a location where said recycling infrastructure is present (or close enough that the cost of shipping them there is less than what you get back). This may not be the case in areas where access to electrical power is a major issue, and thus end-of-life batteries are essentially worthless and can be obtained for free.

In poorer areas of the world, there is no shortage of people able to cut a car battery open, melt down the lead plates, reform them into new lead plates and refill the battery shell with drain cleaner (sulfuric acid). This only takes labor, which is cheap, so dead and new car batteries have very similar prices.

Video of it being done:. https://youtu.be/9I0IAwOIwXo


That man is incredibly skilled. I did not even know a battery rebuild was possible. Thank you for sharing the video.

Where is the basic PPE???

It also produces a tiny amount of light they say 15lm on the page - by comparison my cheapo IKEA ceiling light does 1800lm at 45W. I can't imagine this being an optimal lighting or power solution for anyone.

It's supposed to compete with kerosene lamps. It's an enormous improvement.

Given the price point these are selling at, the target market of “people without reliable electricity” seems a bit off. Shouldn’t this the MSRP be $10-20? It seems more like it’s marketed as a novelty to rich westerners…

Probably, rich westerners pay the US/etc website's premium retail price and get a novelty that subsidizes sales elsewhere.

The light is marketed for a different subsidized price on local website versions in the Global South, or through other channels.

Kinda like pharmaceuticals.


Kind of. They have a donate page https://deciwatt.global/donate

Probably aimed at aid agencies, that may buy these and distribute them as they see fit.

No, they're a good value proposition compared with Kerosene, which you have to keep buying forever.

The issue isn't that people can't afford it, if they could afford kerosene then they can afford this, but access to credit or savings to allow them to make use of these cheaper technologies that have an up front cost.


Probably worth adding that you can already buy essentially the same thing, except powered by a hand crank, for $15-20 on Amazon.

In general, I find those terrible.

As a human I have large muscles and limbs capable of creating quite a bit of force. A 3.5 inch crank held between my thumb and forefinger doesn’t seem like a great way to generate electricity. I would much rather lift 50lbs a few feet every half hour than spin a tiny crank.


Even better: use a rope and pulley to let gravity help you.

Or go one expensive step further and buy a battery backup like the Jackery (I own one for camping and power blackouts).

I really like an idea of gravity-based light, reminds me of a weight-driven wall clock we had as a kid. So it was somewhat sad to read that GravityLight has been discontinued.

This page has a nice, technical explanation: https://www.engineeringforchange.org/news/gravitylight-nowli... In short, the cellphones got popular, but the gravity mechanism was only producing ~0.1 watt of electricity, which is not nearly enough to charge them.


This is a good idea, but has been overtaken by solar and batteries precipitous price declines.

Kerosene lighting is both expensive and unhealthy and inflexible compared with solar/battery/LED.

One of the few things it wins on (for now at least) is up front cost, but there's various finance models that enable the future savings to be used to advance the upfront costs.

https://urth.co/magazine/solar-ethiopia


The other thing about kerosene is that it works for decades if not more with only occasional user serviceable maintenence. It can be dropped in mud, banged up, etc, and still be repaired most of the time without lots of expertise or tools. Will something like this have even a percent of the longevity and resilience?

yes. it will last for more than one month.

> In 2019 we stopped manufacturing GravityLight to focus on a new product called nowlight.

Seems like these designs serve different purposes - gravity light would be better for stationary lights while the now light would be more useful for portable lights. Unless there’s way to attach a weight to the now light as well?


I'm curious why the pivot? What were the challenges with gravity?

Considering the incredible low cost of LEDs, would it not make better sense to have solar / wind installation, at a village level, to distribute energy for local needs?

This seems a lot of waste (both in effort and in materials)/


I would still think that something much simpler (and "bycicle based") together with a battery could be much more useful in places where there is no mains and for emergencies.

Something loosely like :

https://www.electricpedals.com/pedal-generators

It seems like 60-80 W are sustainable for a longish period of time, so say half an hour that should be doable could be 40 Wh, something like 4 hours 10 W or 8 hour for a 5W led lamp.

I always thought that (for people sitting on a couch watching TV and not moving/walking/biking enough) connecting a small TV to the generator (with a minimal cache battery) could be a good product (though I doubt anyone would ever actually buy it).


Low tech magazine did an in-depth look at this a while ago:

https://www.lowtechmagazine.com/2011/05/bike-powered-electri...


Reminds me of this, can an olympic cycler toast a slice of bread? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S4O5voOCqAQ&ab_channel=TheTo...

It'd be really cool if instead of having to pull the cord for a long time you could just detach a heavy weight from the bottom and reattach it on the top of the loop.

I'm sure I've seen a video of that. I assume it's an older prototype. As I remember, you got any 10 minutes of light from lifting a really quite heavy weight, which looked kind it would quickly get annoying.

I feel the pulley system is a direct response to that. One minute of pulling sounds like a decent amount of work for a light, but having two hours before you have to do it again should sweeten the deal


Pulley is safer for kids to operate and not drop on their leg

The weight would be high and lifting up, may not be feasible to all, especially young children.

In contrast, having a rope that can be tugged, is a more practical solution.

Also, I wonder if such devices can be installed on village well walls, so that the time of the lamp is higher.


Destin from Smarter Every Day made a video on this product in 2015: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jsc-pQIMxt8

This is their current product: https://deciwatt.global/nowlight


I always get a lump in my throat when I read articles like these. For these hilariously misanthropic concepts to get approved and funded ("The best way to solve water shortage is trick the kids into doing child labour by painting the pump handles all sorts of fun colors"), indicates to me that these bleeding-heart humanitarians don't think of Africans as fully human.

> indicates to me that these bleeding-heart humanitarians don't think of Africans as fully human.

That's an interesting take but I think that's been the case for a few hundred years now. It won't miraculously go away, even though these attempts are well intentioned if somewhat misguided.


Finally, something to wind up to power those OLPC laptops!

Yes. They just need a solar panel!

Except didn't those already have a built in hand-crank-powered generator?


And it was basically useless. Much lower power output than claimed, awkward to use, and fragile.

The whole project was useless IMHO.

for those wondering: a 120 kg bag, raised for 1 meter, could give you 1 W of energy for 20 minutes.

There's a reason this was replaced by NowLight. The energy density of raised weights is low. Mechanical stuff is unreliable or experience or both compared to solid state.

Someone probably was working on some kind of "Low tech is always best" assumption. But modern tech is pretty great.

Especially now that we have LTO batteries that can last 20 years.

Also, things are more recyclable there. Just have a returns program for dead batteries and people will probably do it.


NowLight also relies on pulling though. The difference is just that you pull for a few minutes, instead of lifting something heavier for a few seconds, and then let _that_ pull for two hours.

I think this is the key difference, in the specs:

.2V 3200mAh Lithium Iron Phosphate

The slow descent was basically acting as a battery and they now use a battery instead.

From the link someone else shared from the gravity light designers:

> In 2009, a nascent industry had sprung up manufacturing and distributing small solar lanterns to serve the two out of three people without electricity access in Sub-Saharan Africa. The problem was that the photovoltaic panels and batteries that powered the products accounted for more than 60 percent of their cost. The expense of those two technologies compromised the efficacy of the products in emerging markets, pushing up their prices out of range for many of the people who needed them.


I don't think that this is quite a good idea. The weight feels a little too heavy to hang on a wall consistently, and the mechanisms are a bit too intricate. I'm also not sure the string would take that much weight, and because the weight falls slowly it might be prone to being stalled. I think it's easier to have a hand-cranked lamp that recharges a battery, which is probably much cheaper and easy to use.

Decathlon (does it exist in the USA?) has some camping lights with a crank to charge the internal battery. Or use the USB socket with a phone charger. At their volume they are pretty cheap. I got one, very convenient when camping in areas with no electricity, which is the point of Gravity.

You can replicate this with Lego. Brick Experiment Channel's most recent video has one of these that runs for 5 minutes.

The article mentions kerosene multiple times - wouldn't it be a better option to run a generator off kerosene to produce electricity to power multiple households?

That takes capital, which is what they lack. And wire.

Update title to use "nowlight"

converting motion into electricity efficiently requires quite a few brain cycles. I believe my solution to be much superior but actually making a product is an entirely different challenge! Impressive.

A different puzzle involved would start by gathering the [world] records in amounts of weight over distance over times for repeatedly lifting from small to maximum in all the ways we do so and then make many more dimensions accounting for different levels of strength and endurance from the best trained to the worse. Involve the amounts of sleep and food and of course account for the distribution of thees human qualities.

You sort of inevitably end up looking at Eamonn Keane's doings. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eamonn_Keane_(weightlifter)

Bench press most weight in 1 hour 138,480 kg (305,300 lb) 1,280 reps with 200 lb (90 kg) and 493 reps with 100 lb (45 kg)

Walter Urban Squad lifting in 1 hour 57,717.36 kg (127,245 lb) 145 lb for the first 30 minutes then switched to 135 lb (say 127245/140 = 909x)

Kris Winther did 5,200 consecutive air squats in 4.5 hours.

There is lots and lots of horrifically poorly shaped data available.

My conclusion is that for the most efficient power from muscles you need a range of practical fitness devices.

2000 kcalories worth of food is about 2.325 kwh say 100 watt average consumption. Say 80% is lost as heat.

But the effort it takes is considerable! You better clear the schedule.

And the winner is: 50 liters of methane for 500 wh


Yeah, I would assume that a "fixed bicycle" system, using (mostly but not only) your legs, would be even more powerful ?

But also much bigger, expensive and higher maintenance ?




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