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Accordion was very popular in Brazil and Uruguay when I was growing up. This deceptively cheerful song, "Asa Branca" [0] (four accordions in the lineup) is about the persistent drought in Brazil's Nordeste (Northeast) and the resulting diaspora ... millions left to go to São Paulo and other cities/regions in the 80s and 90s.

[0] https://youtu.be/zsFSHg2hxbc

In Europe the harmonica is widely accepted as the prominent instrument for folk music and since everyone is posting harmonica videos here's one of the most famous song (very difficult to play)


Too late for you to edit, but "harmonica" is a false friend; that word refers to a very different instrument in English: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmonica

Button accordions come in two kinds: classic piano full scale, and melodian, which is a harmonica attached to bellows and buttons. It's the same "what you get push and pull can differ" model, which real accordians don't do: same note push and pull.

I am unsure what a Bandonion does. Wheatstone concertina (yes, the guy who made the wheatstone bridge I believe) are also same note push-pull. More buttons. more. Wheatstone concertina sell for $10,000 or more. Melodions sell for $100

Zydeco typically uses the harmonica-aligned melodion. Bandonion music is what Astor Piazzola plays.

(can play a melodion. cannot play piano accordion or concertina)

Jimmy Shand is god. Just saying.

Just to show how confusing this can get, I’ll elaborate on this a bit.

One confusion is that the word “melodeon” is used more in the UK, Ireland, and Australia (according to Wikipedia) and “diatonic accordion” in the US, but they’re words often used for the same thing, I think?

Harmonicas have free reeds and so do accordions and concertinas, but they don’t use the same parts as someone might guess from the way you said it. Harmonicas (and melodicas) have many reeds cut out of a single metal plate. (Or plastic for some harmonicas.) Accordions typically have pairs of reeds (one push and the other pull) held into a wooden reed block by wax, so they can be individually removed by melting the wax. Some less expensive concertinas use accordion reeds and the crazy-expensive ones use hand-made concertina reeds.

Also, a piano accordion or chromatic button accordion could be tuned to play some notes differently on push versus pull. (For example “Arabic tuning.”) This is rare, though.

A fundamental reason to have different notes on push versus pull is to use fewer reeds, saving weight and complexity, which is more important on smaller instruments. But this resulted in different music and playing styles too so they’re also culturally different.

Very cool. Love the pedal notes on the left hand register.

Well if we’re going to bring in Sivuca and multiple accordions you really should listen to this version of “Feira de Mangaio.”


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