1. Allow smart charging and discharging to the grid, to lower the overall peaks of energy demand (these peak periods are what drive power prices/shortags).
2. Direct user road charging, based on time of day, location, miles travelled, and vehicle class.
Its particularly dumb to add more energy demand to peak hours - ie. by allowing cars to just charge as soon as they've plugged in once the driver gets home (which is typically peak demand, right at the same time as solar generation fading).
This is known as the Duck curve.
This information needs to be embedded into the UI of the EV, and for that we need regulation and standardisation.
Requiring that all employee car parks have chargers is another solution.
One thing I didn't see addressed is where the additional electric power for charging vehicles will be coming from. Doesn't NYC have trouble running AC in the peak of summer? I'd be curious to see if additional generation sources would need to be build out, or if the distribution network will also need to be vastly updated.
Yes, more energy will be needed and the backbone grid will need to be strengthened. Call your local congressperson and get them to support the reconciliation bill, which has money for that.