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Starting a crypto project (twitter.com/jonsyu)
369 points by grey-area on May 6, 2021 | hide | past | favorite | 351 comments



Can confirm. I’m friends with a group of very smart distributed systems engineers who were excited to launch an actually useful crypto project that gets talked about here from time to time.

As much as they’re excited about the technology itself, very few people are actually interested in using it. Instead, their business seems to revolve around the value of the utility tokens for their project.

Few people are buying the utility tokens to pay for the service. They’re buying them to horde so they can resell to other speculators when the price goes up. They have a lot of tokens in circulation, but only a small number of them get used to pay for the service. Many of them are sitting in the wallets of exchanges where they get traded back and forth but never come near the blockchain.

Investors only care about getting more press releases out so they can pump up the price of their discounted tokens, which have a shortened lockup period relative to something like stocks. It’s almost like a pump-and-dump scheme for investors.

Maybe their underlying project will become popular in the future, but the volatility of the token price makes it increasingly unattractive for companies that want to actually use it.


> They’re buying them to horde so they can resell to other speculators when the price goes up.

It's almost like all interest in cryptocurrency is driven by greed and speculation. I've been learning more about it, and I'm pretty convinced this is the case. Go into any crypto space, and all people are talking about is yield, price action, how much their tokens have grown etc. I think the only thing I've seen that isn't purely about speculation is NFTs, oddly enough, which seem to be basically a fad.


To be fair though that's most things. That's the very purpose of the stock market. When you buy a stock most of the time most people don't care what the company it represents does, they just want the stock to go up. Same thing can be applied to most things there are vast warehouses full of art people will never see as its just owned as a tax dodge / speculation. Heck most of us work jobs we hate for nothing but money. Greed / speculation and the need for income make the world go round.


All those things still produce tangible goods at the end though, is the difference.

I can hate my job but at the end of the day I still created value for my employer. Companies on the stock market still create actual value for people, even if shareholders don't particularly care how they do it.


Bitcoin produces a money that cannot be debased by inflation on a whim and which is very hard to forcibly confiscate. It can be transferred in minutes to any place on the globe, across any number of borders and past any capital controls, with transactions that cannot be stopped or censored by even the most powerful and invasive government on Earth. It's a safe haven from fiat currencies and almost a perfect medium of savings.

Unless we are working with a weird and strict definition of "tangible," I'd say it's tangible good that is, rightly, valued by many millions of people.


This seems detached from reality.

* Governments can and have confiscated bitcoin

* they can stop transactions by blocking access to wallets and exchanges etc

* They're a terrible medium for savings, unless you want your savings account to routinely swing wildly up and down in value

* 99.9% of people interested in Bitcoin do not care about these supposed benefits (which I'm skeptical even exist.) Yes there are the handful of goldbugs and libertarians, but most just want to see the number go up.


This is all well-trodden ground.

First, if you are concerned about things like confiscation, then you take the recommended security steps such as running your own node. At that point confiscation is indeed difficult (not impossible) and blocking access is essentially impossible. A government would have to prevent you and anyone who could act on your behalf from having any access to the Internet in order to stop the transaction being propagated on the network.

As for savings: I stand by my assertion. In its early years, yes, bitcoin is going to be volatile. But as anyone who has held bitcoin for 3+ years knows, it retains and grows value over the course of years exceptionally well. Savings implies a medium- and longer-term horizon — think years, not months — and on that horizon bitcoin has always been a winner.

I think there are more people in this world who care about the harms of inflation and capital controls than you are giving credit to. I care about preserving my wealth from debasement, as do all of the people I happen to know who hold bitcoin. And I suspect I might have a better feel for the "pulse" of bitcoin users than your 99.9% estimate, which (forgive me) strikes me as being detached from reality.


They do, but is the stock an actual tangible good? Companies with identical financials are not valued the same way. Look at a company like Tesla, its stock is pure speculation. I cannot physically hold my stock other than a piece of paper maybe that says I hold it. I cannot really do anything with it except hope to sell it to someone else for more money. It does not really grant me ownership If I tried to walk into an amazon warehouse screaming I an owner, I would be locked up and committed.


Does Facebook produce tangible goods?


Yes, a social network


Bitcoin and Ethereum are also... networks!


How do you define tangible?


It wasn't always this way, in the early days there was genuine excitement around the technology. bitcointalk.org was a hive of ideas and opportunities. Bitcoin was used to transact internationally to trade goods, it was a payment medium as it was supposed to be. Even the bitcoin subreddit was good, but that turned first. Then all forums became dominated by price. I shudder at the posts I read these days about newbies to bitcoin. You are right it has become all about greed, nothing about the technology. When BTC hit $20k I remember telling a friend that while I was happy with the price it was ridiculous, bitcoin hadn't changed sufficiently to be worth that, but I also knew that if it hit $20k it would hit $50k and $100k, but I alway thought it would take longer because I assumed it would come from adoption of the technology. But it is all speculation now, you only have to love at dogecoin to see that. It is a virtually limitless coin, if it hits $10 it is through sheer madness. The same things said about bitcoin are being said about dogecoin. "It will be the payment medium of the internet, you can buy a coffee with it etc. But every post in the subreddit is about Lambos and moons.

It's a real shame.


NFTs are the same thing though, yes the medium differs, but these high benchmark prices are being paid by people with hundreds of millions in cryptocurrency, with the aim pretty much of minting their own NFTs and selling them. Those big ticket items are just painting the tape. Likely bought and sold by the same people in many cases (if we take the crypto markets in general as a guide).


Exactly, they are pure price speculation and manipulation, this recent NFT being a perfect example:

https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=27038275


That would happen if you call something a currency. Maybe we should have called it something else, and derived its value from its application. But hindsight, etc. The plan was btc would be insanely liquid and decentralized it would collapse the banking system. So we went 200% with cryptocurrency. Now we’re trying to force the planet to ignore the potential sunk cost of having invested their life savings into it, to instead look at more useful tokens.


EXACTLY.

Name one crypto project making any sort of impact.


Cryptocurrencies fundamentally are about transactions. So I don't think it's appropriate to claim cryptocurrencies are any more driven by greed and speculation than any other common transactional activities, such as saving money in a bank account, mortgaging a home or buying a cup of coffee.


> Investors only care about getting more press releases out so they can pump up the price of their discounted tokens, which have a shortened lockup period relative to something like stocks. It’s almost like a pump-and-dump scheme for investors.

"almost"

If even useful services are being abused for speculation, it's time to realise the entire space is fundamentally broken. We've already seen massive fraud in the space, it's only a matter of time before people who fundamentally don't understand what they are "investing in" are left holding bags. It will necessarily collapse because of how it's being used. (imo)


How is this any different from the "web tech" space at large? Where investors will push towards "data-hoarding", privacy-invasion, dark patterns and/or addictiveness or other psychological "abuse", more often than not?


Because these crypto companies are generally deliberately marketing themselves as the democratic solution to the original problem through this new decentralized technology. Then when their private discord and telegram groups get exposed for pump and dump scams, their go to defense rings of your comment “so what, it’s the way it’s always been”


I think the real issue is that in 2009-2013 it was used by people who understood the risks. Now it is used by retail investors with no clue, who will be hit hardest by it.

I suggested everyone buy it when it was under $500, I said invest with caution up to $1000. Now I can't in good faith suggest to people that they buy it. And I am fortunate, everyone who did buy it on my suggestion made plenty of money.. probably because they had me in their ear saying "don't sell it" when they hit their first bitcoin drop. I get messages often thanking me for introducing them to cryptocurrency. However I and sure that there are many who didn't buy it and now regret it. Same as there are others who bought it, sold at a loss and regret it. It has been repeated as Infinitum, only invest what you can afford to lose and that is most definitely still the case. Bitcoin can still go to zero (or close enough not to matter) but It could also go to $100,000, and right now latter is more likely, but I feel as the price goes up so does the chance it goes to zero.


The thing is your entire post is about investment and making money or losing money...what does that have to do with p2p electronic currency and the democratization of money?

Buy/hodl has converted the concept for electronic currency, if there really ever was one, into a money making endeavor based on your current wealth and ability to risk a loss. That’s the antithesis of democratization, or 1 person 1 vote, but a I was here first so that makes me king now get on your knees and grovel at my supremacy.

The only real way to look at Bitcoin is as if there is an AI operating in the background with the sole intent of taking “investors” money through constant cycles of FOMO pump and dumps. It’s a stock without any assets or profits backing its value, at any point the shareholders could just start a new company and nothing would be lost by abandoning Bitcoin, because it’s just a shell company with nothing inside.


That's why it's the investment space that needs disruption - which is why crypto is met with so much pushback on HN. A year ago, crypto-related stories made front page much less often, if at all.


Because people here try to understand the technology and its usage before riding the hype train. Most people investing in Ether for example have no idea what it even means. But when you ask them they would spit answers like "it's going to revolutionize finance..". When you ask them how, they have no answer. When you ask them for specific applications that they know of outside of the stupid NFT, they send you to Google. Yesterday someone on Youtube gave an example about a fridge that will order you eggs and milk when they run out, and everything will be done on the blockchain.

Not a crypto hater. I even invest for fun and because you cannot deny the opportunity to make money rn. But don't expect people to ride the train blindly. I do think that crypto isn't going anywhere. But the current valuation of these coins is just absurd rn.


There are plenty of useful applications on Ethereum. Maker, Compound, Aave, dYdX, Synthetix, UMA, Uniswap to name very few.


IMO these things are basically driven by speculation as well. From what I can tell, they mainly provide liquidity for financial institutions. Financial institutions are interested in crypto so that they can make money trading it. IMO there is very little actual utility here.


Very actual real utility here?

What's utility to you? Is buying a in-game COD skin utility? Or how about roblox bucks? How about the trillion dollar derivatives market?

All those things easily disrupted by DeFi.


I think it's a fair question, but these are not great examples, IMO.

COD skins and Roblox bucks can only be produced and sold by one company, so I don't see why you would need a decentralized protocol for them. CS:GO doesn't use DeFi, and apparently the market was active enough to be used almost entirely for money laundering.

For other financial markets, I can definitely see more of a case to be made, but it remains to be seen whether that will actually take off. From what I've seen, the crypto markets right now are primarily dealing in crypto, as I said.


The difference with COD skins being in-game vs on a blockchain is not only can you associate a universal identity to them (your wallet address), but anyone can see and trade for them anywhere. Maybe not the best example, but if you generalize to artwork/digital content it really makes sense.


Why would you need to trade your COD skin through a decentralized distributed network if that skin is only usable through a specific centralized game?

The use cases for CRYPTO and NFT are extremely small.

Its a solution that's been looking for a problem for over 10 years.


Agreed. I think the real use for NFT is tradable identities/roles, which grant access to digital or physical experiences that span organizations. Remains to be seen whether someone builds a killer app/experience around that. So far, people are only interested in mundane simulation of physical scarcity.


why would COD allow that to happen


Did you accidentally a word?

>Is buying a in-game COD skin utility? Or how about roblox bucks? How about the trillion dollar derivatives market?

No.


I suspect financial institutions are interested in crypto because they don't want a new financial system with a more democratic organizational model to make them obsolete.

Maybe there are some forward thinking people there who want crypto to be the driving factor behind refactoring from COBOL, who knows.


Thanks. I will take a look.


2017 was very different. Crypto type stories frequented the front page with technical marvels. Then a few things happened... 1) we evaluated 2) this scamconomy arose 3) the bubble burst.

I was excited then, when it was new to me, but then I learnt the truth about blockchain


It’s not that different? That’s why the dot com bust happened


It could not be more different, to pick one example from web tech with a similar name:

Cryptocurrencies: Efforts to make useful tools are driven out, speculation and fraud are rife.

Cryptography: Used to secure billions of web transactions every day on the web with very little fraud.


Cryptography is not web tech.


This website is being served to you using cryptography right now (tls).

I took web tech to mean the technology used to serve the web - the differences with cryptocurrencies are manifold, the principal one being that billions of people use the web every day to perform important functions, compared to cryptocurrencies where most users are simply speculating on prices.


I think GP's point is this:

1) You cannot have cryptocurrency without the web, so it is web tech.

2) Computational cryptography long predates the web. It would be more accurate to say "the web is cryptography tech", if anything.


1) A depending on B does not mean A is part of B (though I'd dispute cryptocurrencies requires the web to function at all, perhaps you're thinking of the internet?).

2) Cryptographic libraries (many relatively recent, e.g. go or rust libraries) are definitely an important part of the web, they're integral to web tech if you define web tech as the tech that powers the web.


Is price speculation considered abuse?


The tokens issued in this case (on of the few) have a purpose which is not speculation. If large amounts of speculation is undermining the business itself then yes I think that might qualify as a form of abuse? Happy to use an alternative term of your choice, ESL etc.


I'm not sure if the price speculation actually undermines the underlying businesses. For example, I participate in a blockchain wiki project. On the telegram there is a lot of people talking about the price but I don't feel like it diminishes the usefulness of the project. I asked questions about editing, the admins helped me out and I was able to use the platform.


Perhaps their initial approach was not the right one i.e. was the public token the right method to maximize the value of their actual offering? Maybe they need to rethink given what you have said.

I know of a very similar company (might even be the same one) the telegram forum they have setup is just full of people speculating what will / might happen ...will it go to the moon... etc.. They have now moderated that out but still main reason people join the group to start with.


Few people are buying the utility tokens to pay for the service. They’re buying them to hoard so they can resell to other speculators

That's not a utility token. If you want to create a true utility token, make it stable and you won't have to worry about speculation.


This is impossible. If it can be traded it can be speculated. The value of any tradable asset is determined by how much someone is willing to trade for it and by nothing else. There is no way to make it stable other than to make it impossible to trade.


What if asset issuers ("crypto manufacturers") imposed contractual price ceilings/floors?

Probably more realistic with exchanges ("authorized resellers") than individual traders.

https://www.ftc.gov/tips-advice/competition-guidance/guide-a...


i agree, but there are stable coins...


This seems like it should be labeled as some kind of social law: Any blockchain will always converge towards a speculation vehicle.

In much the same way, social networks almost always seem to become hookup platforms.


Sounds like Chainlink


or filecoin


Like the OP Twitter thread said: It's universal across every crypto project that issues their own tokens.

There's no reason to force customers to buy a brand new token invented out of thin air just to pay for a service that could be otherwise purchased with real money or Ethereum.


What are you talking about? Chainlink is used a ton, literally powers most of defi. Its used to secure 10s of billions of $.


SkyNet/SiaSky?


Why don't you be transparent and tell us the service?


In many cases it is very useful. In this case does it really matter who? It could apply to almost all cryto projects.


Yes it does because he's saying "I swear guys this was definitely a good idea no need to confirm what I say" and then continues to bash crypto because it wasn't getting any traction. So his argument is just based on his opinion that it was a great idea, meanwhile most ideas are garbage.


> 2. You aim to build a community, but in reality 90% of your telegram/discord are scammers and people asking why price is going down/accusations that you and your entire team should go to jail.

I'm consistently repulsed by the lack of thoughtful discussion in crypto communities. For a space littered with intriguing technology it's endlessly frustrating that there's no HN-like forum. Instead, any community that started off that way is now filled with speculators and shillers.

Take your pick for where to source your news: 1. crypto influencers on YouTube who are paid to shill, 2. forums likw Reddit filled with speculators and conmen, 3. pump and dump groups on Telegram.

The greed and FOMO on display in the crypto gold-rush is deeply depressing, and for the majority who join the craze at the peak of the bull run, it'll surely end in tears.


> it's endlessly frustrating that there's no HN-like forum

There are communities like this, such as the crypto dev discord, the daily gwei discord, ethereum cat herders discord, etc. You're just in the wrong communities. That's like spending time on 4chan and saying "the internet sucks, it's filled with horrible people and no thoughtful discussions."


I do think it's scattered, but certainly there. There are many high-quality and thoughtful Twitter posters but you really have to filter. Meanwhile, I think there is room for a crypto HN since HN is actively hostile to anything positive towards crypto.


What do you think of this as a starting point: https://datapeek.org/?explorer_view=quest ?


> Take your pick for where to source your news [actual answers]:

1. Newsletters. One basic example is Bitcoin Optech. I've always been the kind of person who looks at any newsletter just about long enough to put it in Trash. But I've come to understand there are plenty of greatly curated and/or written ones out there.

2. Podcasts. I can recommend Unconfirmed and Zero Knowledge, for example.

3. Discord (I know I miss out by not going here but the noise-to-signal ration and complete lack of privacy/anonymity/anything like that are both too much. It makes me a bit sad that this is where the action is even for infrastructure and supposedly open/freedom-asserting projects.)

Can be non-trivial to find the good ones for whatever angle/topic you are interested in, of course.

> The greed and FOMO on display in the crypto gold-rush is deeply depressing

Absolutely agree and I couldn't agree more with the comment you're replying to.


I recommend Kevin Rose's podcast MoFi (Modern Finance). He has some great interviews and seems very knowledgeable on the topic.


For podcasts I recommend Uncommon Core (technical) and Up Only (which despite the name is not just “up only” shilling and has excellent guests lineups)


I’ve been thinking about forking HN to have crypto discussions, I really wish there was a board like this which only talked about technical stuff of crypto


you should do it! and make sure to post a "Show HN" if you do ...


This would be great.


I think this depends on the coin. The IOTA discord is quite interesting, and people using the tech. Not sure IOTA will be a thing though, but I still like reading the discussions in the Discord.


Its more so frustrating to me that they become tribal by necessity!

You cant discuss flaws in the current design or future design because people think you are attacking their investment!


The Epicenter Podcast is also an excellent source for technical content that I don't see mentioned in any of the children comments.


As someone interested in all of cryptography, I cringe every single time when we call blockchain "crypto".

Sure, there's cryptography in it. But you don't call a mail or http server "crypto". There's similar tech in git, we don't call it "crypto", we call it VCS.

Calling this "crypto" is just trying to add a mystic aura for stuff people don't understand, to further muddy the waters.

We have a word for this technology. It's not "crypto". It's blockchain.

Sure, it's your shorthand for "cryptocoin" or "cryptovalue". Which are again newspeak for blockchain, and we could argue that given its limits and usage of the last years they should be called crypto-investment, at best.

Which is still like ordering a pizza and forcefully referring to it only as "food". I want a pepperoni-food please.

Sorry for the rant, but it really feels like it's just a way to further embellish something with dubious values like the post points out


Regardless of the "crypto" shorthand, blockchains are distinct from cryptocurrencies. A cryptocurrency can exist without using a blockchain to record balance changes, and likewise, a blockchain can exist which is not used for recording accounts or spendable outputs.

The "crypto" shorthand emerged from the cryptocurrency side, which by and large, uses cryptographic primitives in order to spend and receive value. One further bit worth adding is that the market demand for cryptocurrencies broadly has directed massive amounts of resources towards the development of novel cryptographic primitives.


As someone who works on stuff that involves cryptography but not cryptocurrency, I agree, but at this point I consider it a lost cause. Cryptocurrencies have taken over so much of the popular imagination that even when I say "cryptography" I get responses like "oh you mean like Bitcoin?"


Kind of like when you use the word "hacker" (as in HN) with a non-technical person. They always assume you mean the black hat kind.


It's like people will create their own desired footpaths over fields when the sidewalks are not in the right place, so it seems the word "crypto" is just a shortcut because there aren't any shorter words to describe blockchain.


I moderate r/crypto . It's about cryptography, not cryptocurrency. Imagine the spam we get.


Not all heroes wear capes. I'm also a mod on some subs so I can only imagine the spam you get.


Crypto sounds way cooler and can be prepended to things much more easily. It’s a social market out there.


Its called context.

A new one was created to convey a shared concept (aka the purpose of language) and will always be more popular than the thing you invested way too much time into to change.

It’ll sting at first but time to accept that and update your lexicon.


Heh, I think that ship has sailed and it’s a waste of time to argue over the real meaning “crypto” should have


Cryptocurrency - therefore crypto for short.

/thread.


"crypto" means hidden/concealed, if we're going to go there. I sometimes use the term "cryptoracist" but I had to stop because most people don't know what κρυπτός means.


Crypto means cryptozoology!


> 16. And my personal pet peeve is that, by and large, most of crypto actually does want Bitcoin to die. Perhaps not in a "I want Bitcoin to go to zero", but in a, "Bitcoin doesn't do anything and so I want its value to be rightly distributed to my project, which has real utility".

This is the most frustrating thing about crypto and has been since at least 2016. Most of the projects with the highest market cap in the space either don't do anything, don't plan on doing anything and don't have any purpose.

And then you have a myriad of projects that are rewriting the traditional finance playbooks. Or blockchain infrastructure projects that are laying the foundations of what could be a fully decentralized and anonymous web. And they're worth a 100th of DOGE's market cap. Granted, they might still very well be grossly overvalued. Especially at this stage of the bull market. But the fact that there's such assymetry with projects that are at best vaporware and at worse outright scams is by far the most frustrating part of crypto.


> Most of the projects with the highest market cap in the space either don't do anything, don't plan on doing anything and don't have any purpose.

The second most valued crypto-currency is Ethereum. And the entire ecosystem around it does plan on doing a lot of things, starting with decentralised finance.

There are also efforts to layer a network on top of Bitcoin in a bid to counter-act Ethereum. And competing networks like Diem (Facebook, Spotify, Uber...), CENTRE (Coinbase / Circle...), Stellar (Stripe...) that aim to replace the current payments infrastructure.

Then there are cross-chains like Polkadot, Cosmos, Polygon et al that try to make all of these disparate blockchains inter-programmable.

Agree that pump and dump schemes seem like the norm, but that's like saying Internet has no utility and is crap because there's porn, spam, and malware all around.


I said most because indeed most of the innovation, both technical and cultural originates from Ethereum. But DOGE, XRP, ADA, LTC, BCH, TRON, ETC. EOS, NEO, BSV are all in the top 25 and have nothing to show for it despite being some of the oldest players in the space. The L2 projects on Bitcoin are not new and they've never brought anything revolutionary. And I think BTC is fine without L2, it's a very different philosophy from ETH and I can respect that. I just don't think it does or will ever deliver the typeof value that ETH and the projects hosted on it do.

Polygon, Cosmos or other innovative L1 projects like Avalanche, Algorand or HBAR all sit at 9 digit mcap - which is certainly very high but still annoyingly low when you consider that DOGE is worth 77 billion dollars and BSC, whose sole purpose is to make scams out of ETH projects and run them on a centralized chain, sits close to 100 billion dollars.


There is no rationale here to be found, You are comparing an insane bubble (Doge, etc.) to a regular bubble (Avalanche, etc.).

People have completely lost the value of money, do you realize how much money is $4.5 billion?

In 2007 Apple had a market cap of 80 billion and a P/E ratio of 26, it had revolutionary products on the market that were clearly going to change an entire industry while at the same time bringing in steady revenue, can you imagine how much it would be worth today in this bubble?


People have completely lost the value of money.

I could not agree more, I've been so heated over the last year looking for any sort of rationale but this greed fueled fake currency explosion is driving me insane. I understand the tech, I don not understand the hype.


I mean 80 billion in 2007 dollars would be $100 trillion today. So 4.5 billion today is obviously a lot less money using your example.

you need to adjust for inflation if you're going to use a valuation that is 14 years old.


> BSC, whose sole purpose is to make scams out of ETH projects and run them on a centralized chain, sits close to 100 billion dollars

Scams are big business, but that just illustrates how delusional and bubbly these are; is BSC, a thing I'd never heard of before, really of equivalent value to .. Square? Lockheed Martin? Target? AirBnB? AMD? NTT? Uber?

https://companiesmarketcap.com/page/2/


BSC is a Eth competitor by Binance.

Gas costs in ETH have been at historical highs, making it uneconomical for players under 5-6 figures of capital to do basic transactions, let alone yield-farm / manage positions, so various DeFi dApps have moved over to less congested chains like BSC and Solana.

Sure, lots of scam projects due to cheaper deployment costs (again low gas fees vs Eth), but legitimate projects too: see PancakeSwap, which started out as a Uni clone, but has arguable expanded to offer more / different set of features.

Speaking more broadly, yes, we're in a crazy bubble, but that's really the case across all asset classes at the moment due to rampant central bank printing. Scams are proliferating in equities too, see SPACS.

Not to trot out the "this time is different" meme, but unlike the '17/'18 cycle, you have far fewer whitepaper copy-pasta scam ICOs and way more legitimate projects; with real teams, real users, real use-cases. Plus, institutions are actually ape-ing in, so take that for what you will.

IMO pace of development and adoption will only accelerate from here on the back of an already "mature" internet and mobile ecosystem + generational familiarity/acceptance of digital value in the youth.

As someone who grew up during the transition from analog-digital, crypto gives me mega 90s/00s internet vibes, especially the feeling of inevitability around the DeFi space.


"4. You realize that most of the "influencer" network of crypto is actually a cartel of individuals who all know each other and collude in pumping the same bags. They all cost around $20k-30k for a review, btw."

This is the sad truth about all these people on Youtube / Twitch. I know two individuals who are sucked into their "shows" and use what they are saying as gospel. It drives me nuts because they spout off numbers like "BTC @ 100k" and theres no date given.. I just respond by saving an even more ridiculous number like "BTC @ 100bn"


Still waiting for someone to name one singular measurable impact of a crypto project.

It's a solution that's been searching for a problem for over 10 years.

Decentralized, distributed, blah blah, stop drinking the koolaid.

Is a network controlled primarily by 4 mining companies decentralized?

Do you need a distributed network to sell NFTS that are only useable within the world of a specific video game company? (game nfts)

Name a project that can't be accomplished traditionally with the cloud and some code?

Name a reason why you should leave your FDIC insured government backed bank for a 3rd party wallet and incur transaction fees, gas fees, fraud, hacks ect that are equivalent to wire transfer fees cbx fees ect.

The crypto community has been spewing advantages that don't exist and solutions for problems that do. not. exist.


I was looking at a project called Helium or HNT. The basic idea is that "miners" are running something like a mix between a WiFi endpoint and a personal cell tower. People can use HNT tokens to get network access and the miners earn the tokens by providing the access.

I thought it seemed like a pretty neat idea and was encouraged by the fact that this crypto project actually did something useful. As I looked into it though I could only find people talking about how to mine the token, or details about the price, and nobody was talking about using the network. I wanted to try the network myself, or see if I could get a device on the network and what the service was like.

It's a little naive of me, but at first I was imagining something like cell service being provided by this system. I was wondering what it would take to get my laptop on it and imagining having a network connection wherever for a low price.

When I looked into it though I didn't find anyone using the network. The limitations on the network were severe, if I recall correctly their pricing calculator shows you the price of network usage in terms of cost per packet, where a packet can send something like 16 bits of information. Their envisioned use case was a collar for pets to wear that could ping the network once a day, but to my knowledge no such collars had actually been created or sold...

Disappointed to find something that looked kind of useful at first glance actually resolve to something that looks kind of useless.


FDIC covers all 6 billion people on earth now? You can store an unlimited amount of money in your head by memorizing 12 words. Like it or not, that has value to a lot of people around the world for a lot of different reasons.


> Still waiting for someone to name one singular measurable impact of a crypto project. It's a solution that's been searching for a problem for over 10 years.

Protection against a devaluing currency, privacy and access.


> Name a reason why you should leave your FDIC insured government backed bank for a 3rd party wallet and incur transaction fees, gas fees, fraud, hacks ect that are equivalent to wire transfer fees cbx fees ect.

For so many people the answer is simply: higher interest rates.


DeFi: Removing middlemen (and their fees) as well as discrimination based on arbitrary criteria from all kinds of financial services. Also, these services can easily run 24/7.


This is a brilliant thread and sums up neatly what's wrong with crypto space in general.

> 90% of your telegram/discord are scammers and people asking why price is going down/accusations that you and your entire team should go to jail.

So much this. The greed of get-rich-quick crowd is the biggest hurdle in the success of crypto. Remove the incentives from crypto projects and you'll see how the interest from general public decreases. After all no one cared about BTC until people figured out how to build a ponzi scheme out of it.


It's also one of its biggest strengths. People with real value at stake in an ecosystem will do anything possible to increase the value of their holdings, which means making the overall ecosystem more valuable through individual and team contributions, all open source contributions I might add.


Here is a free tip if you want to do it anyway. DON'T CREATE ANOTHER F**ING TOKEN!

Build you product on an existing reliable fast and cheap blockchain that fits your needs. Focus on the product not the price of tokens on said DLT.

You dont need a token. No, really you dont. Your tokens only use case is likely to transfer value and guess which token can do this better than yours? All of them! Simply because they already have adoption/liquidity/fiat on-ramps etc. etc. You also instantly gain a community simply by using a token that has a community already.

And you avoid lots of legal problems.

Here are some companies that did/do this:

coil.com

sologenic.org

gatehub.net

forte.io

raisedinspace.com

(Very biased (they all use XRPL.org) because I simply dont know other projects. But you get the point, every DLT that actually works in a useful way should have people building on top - if not its probably garbage tech)


> You dont need a token. No, really you dont. Your tokens only use case is likely to transfer value

Other way round: transferring value to yourself is the only use case.

If you take a second to look in the mirror and see the wreckage of previous startups in this space, you'll see that - as pointed out in the OP thread - 99% of the community is there for the pump and dump. For all the practical purposes, distributed solutions end up worse than centralised ones. Except possibly for censorship resistance, which means you have the problem of attracting people who want to use it because they've been banned from other services.


That's exactly right. I've seen zero products where the blockchain is a compelling value ad, with the exception of:

- it makes it easier to raise capital by claiming that what you are doing involves crypto, because then you get crypto-type valuations

- you can get money from people who want to speculate


I, personally, think Handshake is an interesting value add. Decentralized ICANN on a blockchain, mainly because I can't think of a better method to decentralize TLD management.

The negative is a lot of the TLDs sold on Handshake were sold to early interested parties, many of which were speculators. Unfortunately, other than an ICANN run solution, I can't think of a way to solve this since you need critical mass to make it fair, but can't get critical mass without having everything running.

Maybe they should have restricted the character length of the TLDs that were available to be auctioned at any given time based on the number of mined coins so more valuable TLDs wouldn't come available until, ideally, more people were onboarded to the service. Not sure there's a great solution there.


I've never been able to get over Handshake basing their domain-claiming system on DNSSEC -- and when they launched they couldn't even claim their _own domain_ because .org was still signed with a RSASHA1-NSEC3-SHA1 key: https://github.com/handshake-org/hsd/issues/399

It, uh, didn't inspire a lot of confidence.


HN's hypocrisy: constantly complaining about centralisation but dismissing attempts of freeing people from said centralisation at the same time.


In practice, crypto does not free people from centralization. That's one of the problems highlighted by this thread.


Centralization is a spectrum.


What do you expect from Big Tech engineers? Honestly most peoples livelihoods are generated by working on extremely centralised, monopolistic services.


> > You dont need a token. No, really you dont. Your tokens only use case is likely to transfer value

> Other way round: transferring value to yourself is the only use case.

Everyone needs money. These tho claims are contradictory. If by creating tokens you can transfer value to yourself, it is clear use case and thats why people will keep creating tokens.


Sounds to me as if you dont have any "blockchain project" ideas. That's fine do something else. If whatever you every wished to crate does not profit form this tech, it probably really just does not profit form it. Nothing wrong with that. It would be a shame to slap blockchain on a cool project that doesn't need it.


No it's not that, there's not a single blockchain based solution that achieves better results than a classical solution. Not a single one. Never has been. Not in 14 years. I'm open to one showing up! But, well, it hasn't.

And that's because there's a huge fundamental cost to trustlessness, decentralization and permissionlessness that substantially no project actually benefits from.


The post above has a list of companies who build on top of such a decentral permission-less system that apparently has no benefits.

Start with coil.com what they do it not possible with the financial system. They enable users to stream money to content creator in real time with fractions of cents per second. A central system would not make any sense. It must be p2p and there must be a ledger to "settle the transactions"

Its not impossible to make it central it just not lucrative in any way. But if the middlemen is removed it doesn't have to be lucrative for that middlemen anymore and it turns out to be almost free because you just need to send p2p data packages to stream money.

Its called interledger protocol (ILP) its not a blockchain its a protocol but like I said above you need to settle somehow and which bank or financial system lets you settle fractions of cents? No one because there is no money to be made from this so a system that does not generate money for the owner (a decentral system) works best.


> The post above has a list of companies who build on top of such a decentral permission-less system that apparently has no benefits.

Correct.

> Start with coil.com what they do it not possible with the financial system. They enable users to stream money to content creator in real time with fractions of cents per second. A central system would not make any sense. It must be p2p and there must be a ledger to "settle the transactions"

Any wallet could offer the same thing. PayPal could offer it. But they don't because nobody wants micropayments. Nobody's ever actually wanted micropayments, it's something they think they do, but in reality, they do not. This comes up from time to time. One of the crypto folks actually wrote a really good paper on it, I'll dig it up.

You just build up the balance until it's over $1 and ACH/RTP it. Those transaction methods cost $0.0033 in bulk.

Further, this is just revisiting whether people are willing to pay for content online. They are not. They would rather be subjected to ads and not pay anything.


>Any wallet could offer the same thing.

No, its not a wallet at all its a protocol like TCP but for money. If you are interested go read about it first. There is no point in arguing about something you dont know what it is.

>PayPal could offer it

Yes, they could but its not lucrative and if it would be they would not be interested in using a public interoperable protocol where everyone can offer the same service and compete.

So you have some sites that use PayPal and other sites use 15 other payment companies. You just recreated subscription hell. Its completely missing the point. If its decentral and standardized all systems work together. If I have the wrong token or currency the decentral system finds a way to swap them so I can use any services no matter what "wallet" or currency I use. I cold stream Netflix and Amazon Prime and only pay what I watch and when I watch.

Also why would I want PayPal to know whom I stream money? If its central its impossible to hide such data. If its p2p no third party know what content I pay for. That's how it should be.

>Nobody's ever actually wanted micropayments

We already have it.... its called ads. Ever page load, every click, every interaction and every data collected about you is a form of inefficient micropayment. One that does not respect your privacy, tires to maximize the time you waste and tries to trick you into buying stuff you dont need. And the cost of that is slapped onto the product you may buy.

Don't you think there are tons of people out there who would rather not annoy their visitors with ads? They would rather have them pay a few fraction of a cent directly to them without the ad-mafia taking a huge junk out of the revenue. And dont you think there are people who would rather pay a few fraction of a cent than see ads or block ads knowing that the content creator does not get paid then?

>Further, this is just revisiting whether people are willing to pay for content online. They are not. They would rather be subjected to ads and not pay anything.

That's your personal opinion. The facts are not on your side. People already pay to not see ads its just cumbersome because every service needs a subscription or pro app or whatever. It does not scale to the number or services the average user wants to use. And it hardly adjust to the actual use. Its objectively just so much worse than if you could stream for what you use in real time.

You could go a long way without ads for a few bucks if you would replace them with the actual revenue they create. Only if your time is worthless you would rather watch a 15 second ad than pay 1/10 cent or whatever to not see it.


> Don't you think there are tons of people out there who would rather not annoy their visitors with ads?

No, I don't. I mean I think they would if it didn't cost them anything but I firmly believe when given the decision between being vaguely annoyed by ads vs. ponying up the cash, they'll do the former substantially all the time.

Nick Szabo has a great paper on it. [1] Trust me when I say this is almost certainly the only thing Nick Szabo and I agree on.

[1] https://nakamotoinstitute.org/static/docs/micropayments-and-...


Cough...Patreon.


Exactly my point :) that’s not micropayments that’s full on payments and you subscribe monthly!


Patron kinda proves the point that no-one wants micropayments (and that small/threshold payments work fine in a centralized system)?


No it does not. It proves the point that people are willing to pay for content. But no one wants to be locked-in to patron. There is a high chance over the next years many patron competitors will emerge and its neither in the interest of creators nor the consumers to have to pick one an lose out on the others or to use all in parallel. These walled-garden solutions suck. It either fragments people or someone has a monopoly and screws people over.

Standardized web monetization with micropayments has obvious benefits, its like email you dont care what provider the other people use its just works.


That coil.com exists only proves one thing: they found a neat token idea to shill. We're in full-on speculative mania phase. Anything with blockchain stapled to it immediately garners a high "market cap" and a lot of attention. We're back in the new Long Blockchain Inc phase.


> People already pay to not see ads its just cumbersome because every service needs a subscription or pro app or whatever.

People will pay if it's a frictionless payment of a small amount reflective of the value gained. Netflix did this with movies, Spotify with music, `crypto with everything?` if the tech and business models are worked out.


Spotify and Netflix do the exact opposite: fixed cost. People hate having a taxi meter running.


You can still have fixed cost/flat rates whatever. The key point is that you can use any service you want and they have to actually compete with the price and content. This is not the case now. You are locked-in or you overpay if you have multiple subscriptions.


Imagine how awesome it would be if you could search for a movie choose the service that current has the best cost/byte ratio for your location (they can make this variable to manage load). Then you start streaming. No registering needed. Not even a login.

After 10 min you notice the film sucks so you stop the stream. You only payed for the first 10 min.

Totally friction-less ofc. You could watch on a random TV anywhere and stream the money from your phone.

Sounds like sci-fi but we have all the key tech needed for this.


It sounds not very compelling. Id rather give Netflix $50/mth and not worry about any of that.

[edit] not to mention, content creators don't price their movies in dollars per byte haha, they price it based on what they think people will pay. This is part of the reason all you can eat is much more enjoyable.


I think you didn't get the bigger picture. Its not for streaming a movie is for everything on the web. Why would you pay 50 for Netflix if you can just consume content wherever you want for 50 bucks instead. They can still offer you a flat rate if they want. The option to pay what you use doesn't take the option to pay upfront or whatever away. There is no doubt they will lure you into using the same service somehow but that's kind irrelevant. The goal is to have the choice and that you can pay/support the small fishes too. The one you would never make a subscription for. Same with donation. You probably dont have Wikipedia or hacker news subscription. But leaving a few cents for free content ever month would probably be a good idea to keep it free.

Its not "all you can eat" is "you can eat where you want" you never missed that because it was always like that you never needed a subscription for certain food or restaurant chains. You just go and eat wherever you want and they all expect you to pay what you ordered or whatever deal they offer. This system makes it far more likely you go eat somewhere new and far more likely that you eat spaghetti where you like it the most and pizza somewhere ease. Web content should work the same.


This conversation is odd. Someone says there are no real world use cases. Someone else says yes there is and poses one. Former person points out that in fact that example just makes their point for them. The counter is well there has to be some use case because there are theoretically an infinite number of them. We just have to find one from that set.

This example right here. It presumes that content creators will happily just bypass distributors like Netflix. I find that unlikely because it ignores what Netflix actually provides for content creators.

1. Funding in some cases.

2. Discovery and a ready audience.

3. Availability of content to your audience.

Content creators have little motivation to not use Netflix or Disney+ or whatever other service. Those services have little motivation to use crypto streaming payments. And frankly most consumers don't care enough to create an incentive for the creators by voting with their wallet.


Sorry for the confusion what I meant was this is achievable today, but instead people opt to avoid micropayments and instead want to watch ads + get the content free, or pay for an all you can eat model. Everyone’s thought about micropayments. For decades. They’ve tried it many times. There’s no technological reason today that micropayments couldn’t be adopted overnight. They reason they aren’t is because people don’t want them.

There’s a mass grave of micropayments startups, and I bet you anything it’s not because they couldn’t figure out how to debit and credit fractions of a unit.

People don’t want to continuously make judgements about whether they’re getting good value for money in their content - especially their entertainment content.


>People don’t want to continuously make judgements about whether they’re getting good value for money in their content - especially their entertainment content.

Why dont you look into the things we talked about here? See coil.com its a flat-rate system you are never bothered to decided if what you see is "worth the money" you just see that it streams money and you know its roughly halve a cent per minute. If the content sucks you leave because obviously you want the money to go to something you like. But that's already the default behavior anyway.


I did look into it, I've seen these ideas before, and no, nobody wants to have an app or service than can just arbitrarily withdraw money from them haha.

This is the problem you've danced around a few times. Content producers do not price their content by the byte or by the minute. They charge premium prices for premium content. And they charge low rates for low-end content. The flat-rate per-unit-data billing model falls down as soon as content providers set their own rates (and they will demand to). Then not only is there a ton of perverse incentive (like content providers just setting the max rate all the time since they know you're not making a purchasing decision) but it also feels crap to know you have no (a) idea and (b) control over how much you're getting billed.

The only model that I can see working is a Netflix type model where you bill folks a fixed monthly fee, and you hand out the money to content producers based on agreements you negotiate. You aggregate the risk, you negotiate the pricing, you intermediate the customers and the content producers. You bill once a month, a fixed, predictable amount. No blockchain needed, just a Stripe account.

I'm uniquely qualified to answer this, I worked at a startup that considered building literally this 5 years ago. The payment mechanics were never the issue. The fundamental billing model and customer interaction dynamics were at issue. Nobody wanted it haha, according to our user research. Nothing has fundamentally changed by stapling the blockchain to it.

We actually got pretty far along building it - and had a bunch of high profile content producer relationships, you're welcome to reach out if you want to take the learnings. You seem involved in the project.


You also miss the whole point. The Netflix example isn't something anyone tires to do now and it may never happen its just to show what the tech COULD do. Today web monetization and micropayment ideas are targeted at replacing ads. Ads are already micropayments.


this sound great. I'd cancel my Netflix sub and go for this in an instant.

Now go pitch it to the 50+ copyright owners that you'd need to convince to make this happen.

Strong hint: it's not going to happen. The people who own the content you want to stream like this have no incentive to make it work like this.

If they could go back in time and say "no" to Spotify, they would.


> Now go pitch it to the 50+ copyright owners that you'd need to convince to make this happen.

How about instead I pitch it to people that make content I _actually_ want to see. The Netflix/Spotify thing was just an analogy. Before youtube became big brother, the majority of content I watched was there.

I'm personally sick of the `50+ copyright owners` homogenizing our culture into bland idiotic sludge. My hope is the `50+ copyright owners` lose all power and wither away.


"Streaming money" doesn't sound like sci-fi at all. It just sounds like something I absolutely would try to avoid at all costs.


Well there can still be option to pay full at once. Not quite sure what you gain from this but if you can stream you can also stream all once.


IMO people don't want to pay piece by piece, and content producers are not going to produce media for a flat rate $/byte. That's not how it's metered.


Re: coil.com, what they do is entirely possible on a centralized system. cam sites have been using token based internal payment systems based on minutes viewed, tips, etc at sub $0.01 levels for 20+ years now. and until the tubes came along, all sides profited handsomely.

source: i helped build some.


That not what coil does.

Coils is just payment provider for web monetization. You can use another (probably none exist so far) and more importantly you can use web monetization outside of coil owned platforms.

The cam site thing maybe look similar on the surface but its not. It only works in very limited full controlled closed system. It can not scale to the web. You would need 100+ subscriptions in the end that not the goal. Or you would need one overlord that has the monopoly on web monetization and everyone is forced to use g$$gle. Obviously bad for all kinds of reasons like privacy, competition, censorship etc etc.

Web monetization puts a payment pointer into the HTML meta tag The browser reads this and streams money there. See https://webmonetization.org/docs/getting-started


> you can use web monetization outside of coil owned platforms.

Like you can use PayPal to sell (access to) digital assets? Or patron?

I'm not sure which part of the core value proposition of coil has anything to do with blockchain?

And small wonder: crypto/chains allows us to transfer trust (eg, I trust i can buy milk for my dollar, I buy bitcoin for a dollar, I give you bitcoin, if you can sell bitcoin for a dollar, we trust that I have given you the opportunity to buy milk).

This could also go via bank transfer, or hybrid systems like PayPal,stripe or vipps[1].

I see some benefit to "magic crypto cash on the interwebz"- but untraceable tender is generally not what chains facilitate. Quite the opposite.

When you realize crypto currency can go two ways: perfect taxation (billionaires and corporations will fight it, to the death), or: perfect money laundring/tax evasion (government will fight it, to the death) - the crypto future looks quite distant.

[1] a Norwegian bank owned platform for instant digital settlement: https://vipps.no


The question you have could easy be answer by yourself if you just go to the official page and read for 5 minutes what they are doing and how.

Coil primary uses ILP its not a blockchain its a protocol it can use fiat or "magic crypto cash on the interwebz" its irrelevant.

>This could also go via bank transfer, or hybrid systems like PayPal,stripe or vipps[1].

As soon as they support ILP yes, it could use whatever that's the whole point. An open standard/protocol where everyone can join and offer competing service and 2 parties can transact with each other regardless of whos underlying service they use.

Like email. I dont care whos your email provider I just need your address and it works. The IPL equivalent is called Interledger Payment Pointer. Again has nothing to do with blockchain.

If you actually are interested its now up to you to read more about it. I wont go any further with this discussion.


>>> I'm not sure which part of the core value proposition of coil has anything to do with blockchain?

>> The question you have could easy be answer by yourself if you just go to the official page and read for 5 minutes what they are doing and how.

From coil.com:

> Get your Coil Membership for $5 per month.

> Install the Coil Extension or the Puma Browser app.

> Log in to Coil and enjoy web monetized content and features across the internet.

So the same model as patron?

The original question was about if the companies product could work without the blockchain. I would be happy to see an open standard for transactions - but no one will pay coil.com for that. They make money as middlemen. That's what they are selling.

So, again - how is blockchain essential to what coil are doing (as a business)? Is their business model not being a payment provider, collecting legal tender ("real money") from consumers and funelling it to producers? Do users not depend on coil for the client code and platform?

Certainly creating an open protocol, is a way to build the product - but it does not appear to be quicker or easier than a more traditional, centralized solution?


> Start with coil.com what they do it not possible with the financial system. They enable users to stream money to content creator in real time with fractions of cents per second. A central system would not make any sense.

I’m sorry, what? Genuinely curious about what the use case is here, I’ve never heard of this before. I pay based on the amount of time I consume?


Currently Coil costs you 5 bucks a month and its distributed to the content creators that you consume on the basis of how long you consume them. The Creator must have a web monetization enabled website [1] to participate. And you need either an add-on or a browser that has it integrated. The creator can show/hide content based on whether you stream money or not (kinda like a paywall)

Its obviously intentional very simplified ATM because its rather new. There is long way to go before we can actually pay for exactly what we consume.

[1] https://webmonetization.org/

Old (2018) but fun: A Raspberry Pi ILP power switch (Turns on a light if money is streamed) https://xrpcommunity.blog/raspberry-pi-interledger-xp-powers...


Isn’t this roughly similar to what Spotify does? You get paid based on how many listeners you have? Or YouTube paying the content hosts a split on ad revenue? I guess I’m not sure what crypto solves here that doesn’t actually already happen. Isn’t Coil just another centralized place you pay that then pays out to its network, like everyone else?


Exactly - a good use of a decentralized ledger doesn't leave so much room for speculative profit motives.

However, my own investment thesis is that the "crypto" market is ultimately destined to march towards that useful and unprofitable outcome, kicking and screaming the whole way, by dint of the long-term market survivors being the civically oriented perennials. But this is a long journey, maybe another decade or two in the making(a epochal shift in tech). It will continue to have ups and downs.


The goal was to remove the middlemen to make stuff cheaper/unbiased/fair/private. The token prices going up an down is indeed just a side effete of speculation. but will definitely go away over time its not solving any problem and it hides the tech because people just see the money.


Bitcoin is a worldwide network storing $1 trillion in value without a central party or government. That has never happened before. Are you sure you're just not open to considering the technology at all?

Ethereum is another one to look more into. Smart contracts are doing things that no classical solution has ever done. Have you done a deep dive on how the technology of Bitcoin or Ethereum actually work?

FWIW, I think plenty of the altcoin tokens are garbage, but some of the top players, like Bitcoin and Ethereum, are doing things that classical solutions simply do not allow today.


There’s a difference between the cryptocurrency world’s definition of “innovation”, and solving longstanding problems for humanity.

How does Bitcoin solve inequality?

How does Bitcoin solve world hunger?

How does Bitcoin solve disease?

Bitcoin — and cryptocurrencies more broadly — do none of those things, with only one notable exception. Bitcoin — being a global currency of fixed supply — stands to usher in a global deflationary economic system. Investors in a deflationary environment have little incentive to invest in the future, and consumers have little incentive to spend. These two things could grind the caustic consumerism destroying our planet’s natural ecosystems to a halt. However, there’s room for interpretation even here; many humans would likely not trade off their own survivability for that of the planet’s natural ecosystems.

All of the hullaballoo about “Defi” and Ethereum only amounts to a Wall Street reskin, i.e. better high brow gambling. This does nothing for humanity either. Very innovative (!), lots of money being made, nicely exascerbating inequality of course. But achieves nothing.

(The S&P is actually down since 1970 as measured in gold [1]. Wall St is a carnival, and defi is just that carnival, squared.)

[1]: https://www.longtermtrends.net/stocks-vs-gold-comparison/


Cryptocurrencies by virtue of being digital money accessible anywhere in the world and not manipulatable by central banks can do a ton of good in countries that are experiencing currency mismanagement. It was particularly popular in Argentina, and right now Lebanon is experiencing hyperinflation as well.

Controversial opinion — but I'm of the mind that the world is about to experience massive inflation due to the horrifying Covid response of massively expanding the money supply, so we might be able to see even more of a need worldwide.


Thing is though it’s not being used in those cases even though it’s available because of fundamental limitations. Concretely over the last few years a full 66% of all transactions in Venezuela are now conducted in USD. The USD is simply a far superior currency along every metric. Stable, fungible, cheap, internationally accepted.


>Bitcoin is a worldwide network storing $1 trillion in value

It hurts man. Market cap is not how much money is stored.

Have a read https://coil.com/p/XRPFax/Understanding-the-Crypto-Market-Ca...


> No it's not that, there's not a single blockchain based solution that achieves better results than a classical solution. Not a single one. Never has been. Not in 14 years. I'm open to one showing up! But, well, it hasn't.

Mind helping me with my assumptions??

From what I see, the classical solutions assume the central authority will always exist and provide its services at reasonable prices, that the authority will be benevolent and just, and the central authority is usually single purpose.

Regarding survival, crypto space has a similar assumption that at least some people will run nodes - but I like it's robustness to being 'killed off' because only a few people need to participate in mining or validating.

Regarding benevolence, I think there are plenty of examples of hostility towards users in the payments space specifically.

Regarding single purpose, blockchains are fairly interesting as they allow for any purpose that's signed with the participating parties. Which is a wildly open means of coordination amongst groups -- which is also why blockchains look a lot like currency at outset, because currencies have been the tool for eons to coordinate human efforts.

But looking at it closer, a lot of the world runs on IFFT logic, which seems ripe for smart contracts - the only issue is the interoperability between traditional world and blockchain world to become like Daniel Suarez's Dameon.


ILP is (could be) the "interoperability between traditional world and blockchain" but only for payment/money/value We dont really know yet what else there might be. NFTs is the current hype but who knows what/if that will turn out to be in the future.


I’m jaded with the crypto-scammery too, but isn’t lower fees with 24/7 instant transactions the selling point? (For low fees think Binance not Coinbase).


That doesn’t require the blockchain. The US is moving from ACH to RTP, which is 24/7 instant approximately free transfers between bank accounts. [1] My understanding is the reason it took so long was small banks wanted to figure out a risk management model.

[1] https://www.theclearinghouse.org/payment-systems/rtp


These system do not work outside the justification where they are made.

Domestic Tx are fast and cheap because all parties involved have agreements and the same laws etc. etc. Cheating between local banks is rather useless because there is some kind of overload (the sate/a judge) that can order stuff to be reversed.

Blockchains are for when no such trust/power based system is in place.

So if you send USD to Mexico for example. You exchange USD to crypto send crypto to Mexico and sell it there to get MXN. The crypto transaction is final there is no reversing, it can not be unfunded, frozen or anything. The receiver doesn't need any kind of trust relationship to the sender. Its either transacted or not and both sides can independently verify that. Its not just a real time transaction its also a instant settlement (clearing). Other way to make settlement is if you move physical cash or gold but there goes the "instant" part.


> The crypto transaction is final there is no reversing, it can not be unfunded, frozen or anything.

People keep saying this like it’s a good thing. It’s dreadful.

> Blockchains are for when no such trust/power based system is in place.

And exactly what situation are you transacting with somebody you do not trust and you cannot find a mutually acceptable intermediary? If no such situation exists you probably should not be transacting. You are exposed to too much counterparty risk.

Do you have a concrete example of a time that this has been a problem for you? Because I can’t think of a single one.


> there's not a single blockchain based solution that achieves better results than a classical solution

The following

> trustlessness, decentralization and permissionlessness

Are better results.

But I do admit, that they come at _performance_ trade-offs.


but they don't achieve any of those, either.

All of them rely on a centralised authority, as can be seen with the bitcoin & ethereum forks - if something goes bad, the people in control will step in and make it better. That means there are people in control. This is not trustless, decentralised or permissionless.


There's degrees in everything.

Permissionless--nobody can stop a transaction from taking place because of ideology.

Decentralised--the miners and the software devs have to agree on something to make a hard change. This has happened so rarely as to be a non-issue. When it does happen, the currency forks and those that want to use it can do so as they please.

BTC became LiteCoin, BCH, and BSV from hard protocol forks.

Ethereum forked from Ethereum Classic.

Hive forked from Steamit as Tron tried a hostile takeover.

Trustless -- Here trustless really mean visibility. I can verify everything is correct in the chain myself. I don't have to believe there are gold bars in a vault somewhere, but to a degree it also means I can trust there's no central authority that may be ponzi-ing or ready to abuse the protocol.


Yeah, but you probably rely on a wallet provider, which messes with most of this. The wallet provider can absolutely block a transaction for ideological reasons, and requires you to trust it, and so on.

You need to be pretty techy to verify a transaction in the chain yourself, or do any of the other things you talk about. A non-technical person can't do this. They have to trust other people. This really isn't different from trusting that there are gold bars in the vault.

It's been what, 5 years ish, since this all blew up? In 5 years you can name 5 hard forks in the major currencies. That's not "rare".


> You probably rely on a wallet provider

Nope, Cardano, Monero, Polkadot, Tezos and ARRR all kept in my own wallet--backed up with seed phrases.

I don't keep BTC as I think it's basically crippled (TPS). I have individual wallets for each on both my PC and phone. I'm staking DOT, XTZ, and ADA from my PC wallets.

> In 5 years you can name 5 hard forks in the major currencies.

BTC has been around for 13 years--not 5.

The forks are success stories. Further, forks grant holders equal amounts on each chain--so no coin is lost in this way.

The Hive fork remains a great example of on chain (Proof of Stake) governance, and having beat back a centralized hostile takeover, came back valued higher in post.

> A non-technical person can't do this.

But it's at least possible. Would you discount science and technology purely because you don't understand it?


Honestly you don’t know what you’re talking about. What do you mean better results? What’s your metric? In terms of security it does achieve better result.


Another good example would be a project like Uniswap on Ethereum that existed for a long time without a token. To your point precisely, Uniswap v1 was similar to the Bancor project but explicitly removed the token/tokenomics. The simplified launch made the protocol better for both them and their users.


Didn't Uniswap get eaten by others precisely because the others could use their tokens to create usage incentives?


Hmm whats the UNI token for then?


It's a governance token, meaning you can use it to participate in non-binding votes about what the developers do.


Ah cool thx, BTW you can swap on the XRPL DEX too, however you can only swap "issued currencies" (IOUs) so you need to trust some counterpart (like gatehub or another exchange) to actually hold the asset behind it until you withdraw. The benefit is that is extremely fast and cheap even slow assets like BTC can be swapped just as fast as all others (in a few seconds).


It's a governance token today, but it will likely become a capital asset earning revenue from the Uniswap protocol at some point.


So like a twitter poll?


Only downside is you can't inflate the supply for unique purposes.

For example PeakD.com inflates hive to give content creators tips based on likes.

Edit: I thought this was legitimate reasoning behind having your own token. I don't mean it in an inflammatory way. Please explain why you disagree.


> Edit: I thought this was legitimate reasoning behind having your own token. I don't mean it in an inflammatory way. Please explain why you disagree.

Because you don't need to create a token at all to tip creators, inflationary or otherwise.

If you want to use crypto, just use an existing blockchain. Or don't use crypto and just create a centralized market that pays out at certain thresholds. Blockchain solutions aren't actually cheaper than centralized solutions, they just hide all of the costs elsewhere in transaction fees and mining payouts.

The only reason to create an all-new token is to have something to sell to people under the guise of enabling value. It was a bad trick when car washes sold car wash tokens instead of letting you pay for car washes directly, and it's a bad trick when crypto companies make you buy their tokens instead of just buying the service directly.


> Because you don't need to create a token at all to tip creators, inflationary or otherwise.

But if you don't do it through inflationary means, then consumers have to actually send tips and or have accounts. (for better or worse)

Inflation is a nice way to build incentives into the currency's structure. Further, Hive has no transaction fees as that's funded via inflation as well.

I do like the idea of a streaming value for value service wherein I have a wallet that I top up from time to time, but there are many models that are viable here.


I dont think this is a downside at all. If you build on a existing blockchain you ofc need funding rather than "printing" you own funding. It may be harder but also less of a legal risk.

BTW Coil.com pays content creators based on user interaction. Its however not self printed money its form actual user who want to support content creator rather than ad-companies. Ofc coil itself runs on funding money like any other startup nothing wrong with that.

Also a project can ask the team behind the DLT they want to use and possibly get some of their reserves. Its in their interest that the DLT is used for something. Actual devs who build something are worth way more than the thousands of people who just buy something because Elon Musk tweets about it.

And btw at the same time a dev can still bet on price gains or the token they use. I see no moral problem with that. If your product actually creates demand that moves the price up and you bet on that you own it.


The nice thing about "printing" vs funding for things like this is that you don't need users to sign up or transfer funds to be able to tip content providers.

That said I do prefer the Coil.com model as I love crowd funded ad free media content, and I _do_ pay for it. : )


> Here are some companies that did/do this: coil.com gatehub.net forte.io

^ This is a bit silly of a counterexample given that these 3 companies are all able to exist from the significant XRP investments from Ripple.

> You dont need a token. No, really you dont. Your tokens only use case is likely to transfer value

That's rather untrue. Token use cases have proliferated through the advent of DeFi (decentralized finance). This would be a more accurate take during the 2017 ICO bubble but the space has matured a great deal. There are valid use cases now such as governance, fee sharing, derivatives, etc.

> But you get the point, every DLT that actually works in a useful way should have people building on top - if not its probably garbage tech)

This communicates OP's lack of familiarity with the crypto space. A vast majority of the tokens launched today are launched on top of the Ethereum blockchain. They're not trying to create better tokens for the transfer of value, they're trying to create tokens to help manage decentralized financial services. They're not even DLTs, they're smart contract applications.

It's rather easy to mock the crypto space and have an oversimplified perspective like this, most people will nod along. However, it's a bit sad to see people on a forum like this make such charged statements oversimplifying the work of others as "garbage tech."


Alright, so I make a two-sided market on chain, and the fees I charge accrue to... me? This seems like a similarly large legal headache to having them accrue to token holders! I am probably obligated to make sure that all users of my protocol are not Kim Jong Un, right?


Take a look at Sologenic. Sologenic is a fronted for the DEX. AFAIK they have no legal obligation to limit who is using it at all. The DEX as as its name says is decentral, they can not control it. They just make software that lets users use it. They can also not directly take fees because the DEX does not have fees (you make things decentral to remove the lurking middlemen who takes the fee) IDK how Sologenics business model looks like (they are pretty new) but I assume they will make certain features in their apps cost something. Possibly can be payed directly with crypto. KYC rules usually dont apply for such stuff. Fiat on-ramps have to deal with that. Hence using an existing system that already has the infrastructure is preferable.


I'm not necessarily sold on the idea of making products without business models. My lawyers so far have told me somewhat different things from "if it's all crypto then you have no KYC obligations"


I'm sure they have one but these days you offer something for free first to gain users and make you product as premium as possible so you can actually expect someone to pay for it.

>"if it's all crypto then you have no KYC obligations"

Yes, its not that simple but this thread is not legal advice anyway


> KYC rules usually dont apply for such stuff. Fiat on-ramps have to deal with that.

I think it would be a very risky bet to assume this will remain the state long term. It's not even the state now, overall.

Similarly:

> The DEX as as its name says is decentral, they can not control it.

It is possible to construct situations where a business is not technically capable of meeting its legal obligations. The usual solution to this is that the business changes, not the obligation.


Not necessarily. For example, https://gains.farm has a valid and novel use case: decentralised (i.e. on chain) leverage trading. Tokens you win are minted, tokens you lose are burnt.


I suspect in the not-so-distant future, every company will have their own token, much like they have their own domain/website today.


Companies already have loyalty points and gift cards and rewards programs long before blockchain.

No consumers want to have to deal with tokens and blockchain to interact with a company.

Consumers will always do what's easiest and cheapest. Blockchain solutions are inherently more difficult, more expensive, and more risky (for the consumer) than just breaking out your credit card and getting paid 2% cashback to spend your money.


That's exactly what we dont need. 99% would use the token to move value (pay for something) and we really dont need a bazillion different tokens for that. Also most tokens are not stable and thus not very desirably for payment.


I don't have problem having gazillions of tokens, I just don't use them. There isnt need and in the long run companies will just write them off like many other hyped IT projects.


No one will, that's the point. Imagine you would have to pay Netflix with Netflix token and on eBay you would have to pay with eBay token. The current financial system is already annoying, we re dont have to make it worse.


And why would a company need to have a decentralized token?


No one said they should. But they can offer something and get payed with one that's usually the use case of the token. And it does not require a new token.


Isn't XRP centralized?


XRP is the token Its called XRPL and its not centralized since years.


I personally have experienced NFT cartels first hand and would love to expose it. From pay to play propositions by a “NFT artist” that’s sold millions in NFTs for an invite to an invite only NFT marketplace, promises of $x/month in sales, to a prolific “NFT collector” on Twitter confirming being part of the whole scam by retweeting me upon request of the artist to verify the authenticity of it all.

From what I gather no one gives a shit, and their attitude seems to be we can buy off anyone who challenges us. The irony is the same people shaking me down for Bitcoin in exchange for an invitation to the marketplace/inner circle successfully have collectively called for for banning/suspending of accounts from various NFT marketplaces openly on Twitter.

Anyone here in media want to do a story?


I've been thinking about this, there are so many crazy/interesting stories in the crypto sphere that you could fill volumes upon volumes. I wish they were reported more, hope someone picks you up on your offer.


Try Planet Money?


> 9. The LAW. SO MUCH LAW. SO. MUCH. LAW.

> 10. There's actually a good chance that there's not a single person in your entire state or country that knows how to do your taxes.

And this is because your entire business model is to get around laws that were put in place ON PURPOSE.


Not really.. most of these companies aren't trying to evade the law- in fact the industry is mostly begging for regulatory clarity in order to be in compliance. Nobody wants to invest millions into something that may or may not end up being designated as illegal.


I actually think that this is at the core of most of these companies.

Take anonymous money transfers for any amounts. This is why KYC/AML laws exist.

If someone could show how a cryptocurrency with anonymous features can follow KYC/AML laws, I'm all ears.

Begging for regulatory clarity makes it seems one-sided. It seems very clear to me that the dream the cryptocurrency companies are trying to sell is fundamentally incompatible with the intent of the regulation, even if not yet its text.

What can they be left with afterwards? We'll see, but it won't be the vision they've sold.

> Nobody wants to invest millions into something that may or may not end up being designated as illegal.

The bitcoin blockchain has child porn on it. And BTC is explicitly designed to break KYC/AML laws. Yet people invest.


If someone could show how a cryptocurrency with anonymous features can follow KYC/AML laws, I'm all ears.

Zcash has done a lot of work on this. https://z.cash/compliance/


Nah.

There are really dumb laws that you need a powerful defense or deterrent against.

The biggest problem is that you cant talk about them, or even share the deterrents, because it makes you a target for the regulators if you do. Its actually better that the regulators simply know you have a lawyer, and that they have no idea what your legal strategy is. In finance, ignorance of the law is an excuse (“scienter”), they codified the law specifically that way for themselves, and so giving any knowledge about the law undermines the defense of your own actions, and being able to say “my lawyer made me do it” is an even better defense.

This also means that each and every project has to recreate the legal guidance, until Congress explicitly makes a safe harbor route a default regulatory regime.

Corporate Securities lawyers know it, exchanges and service providers know it, they carved out a niche for themselves to provide this legal service and it costs 6 figures easily. It is not a perfect defense.

Many crypto project issuers are victims in this regard, with everyone onboard with this racket, they cant even talk to the SEC about what’s wrong.

Taxes aren't that hard but most providers overthink the word “crypto” when they hear it and confuse themselves.


You seem to be describing exactly what I said. They are trying to get around the law, and trying to get around the intent of the law.

So the aim is to break the intent of the law. Laws that were put there on purpose.

So I really don't understand what you mean by "nah". It's exactly that. Company sees the law, says "that's dumb, I'm going to break that but in a complicated way" and then does breaks it using what they consider a loophole.

"Nah"? No, you exactly agree.

> In finance, ignorance of the law is an excuse

Yet you can also get convicted for tax fraud without having intent.

And the flip side of what you said is also that (depending on jurisdiction) it can be illegal to do something legal, if your motive was to get around the intent of the law. Using loopholes can be illegal, even though the act is legal.

> This also means that each and every project has to recreate the legal guidance, until Congress explicitly makes a safe harbor route a default regulatory regime.

This is just delusional. I think you forgot who has the guns.


Lets focus on securities laws because as I said tax is solved and not that hard. I’m not talking about tax fraud so lets focus instead of being all over the place:

So basically crypto projects dont mind securities laws, they do mind that the securities laws have lots of unnecessary contigencies added to them that makes it impossible to couple with utility.

If a crypto token actually was a registered security, then nobody could list it because they arent broker dealers. All the partnership projects could not be because the partner would have to be a broker dealer. There would be zero framework to potentially add utility at all, if they complied with laws that didn't consider issued assets existing peer to peer outside of any walled garden. Alternatively, it can exist as a consumer product under the consumer framework, no different than the secondary market for Nike shoes, and thats what people do. Upon asking “how does Nike do it? People can walk in the shoes but many people buy their shoes with an expectation of profit” my securities attorney told me that Nike probably has securities legal opinions too.

Congress and commissioners at the SEC are warm to helping this, you are going to have to retire your talking points to the last decade as the grownups are building and some are representatives.


Tax is not even remotely solved, thanks to anonymity on these currencies. How can tax be solved if tax fraud is not solved?

> they do mind that the securities laws have lots of unnecessary contigencies added to them

Specifically what? What laws have what aspects, and more importantly why were they put in place, and why should they not apply to cryptocurrencies (but to other things?).

You're talking as if laws sprung from nature, somehow.


The paragraph about broker dealer requirements is about that

A requirement which did not spring from nature but has no usefulness for fungible consumer products and simply hasn’t been revisited

Without clarity from regulators it is impossible to simultaneously comply with FTC consumer regulations and SEC investor regulations as they are incompatible regulatory regimes which alter how things are marketed, promoted, traded and accounted for.

And actually complying with SEC regulations means there is no where to trade it. There is a joke amongst securities attorneys about the Howey Test which is the premier securities framework from the Supreme Court “if Howey wanted to comply and register properly as a security how would he? Well he couldn't because they’re fucking oranges”. And that reality exists for digital assets today, yet the market is there and the risk:reward is extremely favorable.

But what you might be missing from trying to nitpick specific regulations: The SEC will never ever ever fulfill its mission from Congress of protecting crypto asset investors by sanctioning crypto asset issuers, it will only hurt the investors in the current reality. Whatever it does in the equities space is not applicable here as the SEC's arbitrary adversarial actions provide the opposite of confidence in the crypto market and facilitating capital formation. It understands that part too which is a contributing factor for why its actions are limited pending modern direction from the legislative branch, and its prudent that you understand that as well.


To be honest I really hope this cryptocurrency and blockchain bullshit fad is dying really, really soon. Lots of promises and bold "ideas". We waste our precious resources on something that just benefits what feels like a few people but claims to bring decentralization. I think you can have all the cool projects without any blockchain/crypto bullshit. Nobody wants to do their due diligence with the regulations though and that's dangerous. We're polluting our atmosphere with something that is broken af.


I started a crypto startup once (don't do it unless you're Vitalik-tier intelligent) and this is pretty damn accurate. lol


Vitalik Buterin, the guy who thinks you can do quantum computing by running a quantum computer emulator on an ordinary computer [1]. Doesn't strike me as the sharpest tool to be honest...

[1] https://twitter.com/VitalikButerin/status/127395790524347596...


A random tweet about a concept not being "fundamentally ridiculous" is an awfully low bar to discredit intelligence. Have a look at his blog[0] and let me know if that reinforces your belief.

Besides, if you read the whole thread you'd know he's acknowledging that if we could simulate QC classically, then we'd be able to have more efficient classical search algorithms. It's an if that's likely impossible at scale but not, by definition, impossible.

[0] https://vitalik.ca/


It's not just a random tweet. He's had these ideas since 2013 at least. So here for more details: https://davidgerard.co.uk/blockchain/buterins-quantum-quest/ But I'll take a look at his blog, thanks.


> competent observers would likely consider even that on the high side for a mathematical impossibility

If the statement made by Vitalik "There's no proof that efficient classical simulation of QC is impossible" is indeed the case, then it's the linked blogpost that has discredited itself mathematically by treating this as "breaking mathematics" or a "mathematical impossibility". More like groundbreaking surprise, but there's a big difference between "unlikely" and "proven to be impossible" mathematically speaking.


The element of controversy isn't whether efficient quantum simulation is possible, but the idea that by running such a simulation one would be able to break cryptography, as if they were using an actual quantum computer. This is a talk where he makes this claim https://youtu.be/DkUpZkeqhF4?t=3372 If this isn't crackpottery of the highest degree I don't what is.


A talk from 8 years ago, when he was 18 years old? I mean, even having a semi-half-baked opinion on quantum cryptography at 18 is pretty damn impressive. Just because everything is forever on the internet does not mean that opinions are forever.


It's interesting that quantum inspired classical algorithms have been discovered that outperform the previously best known algorithms, and reduce the likelihood of useful quantum speedups in those areas. https://www.scottaaronson.com/blog/?p=3880

I take this tweet as Vitalik saying that a similar thing could happen for mining (or general search), and while it would be surprising, it doesn't seem like it is impossible.


Considering his background, I don't think he was talking about algorithms. In the past he became involved in this project:

"Quantum computing (QC) is a flexible model of computation and there are many physical means of implementing it. One obvious means of implementation is by classical simulation. In other words, performing QC by running ‘quantum software’ on conventional hardware."

[1] https://web.archive.org/web/20131005014920/http://noospheer....


He's a marketing genius for being able to sell garbage to fools. I'll give him that


Have you actually looked into the technology behind Ethereum? Do you understand how complex it is? You make it sound like Vitalik just quickly threw something together and had good marketing, however, Ethereum is quite technical and has been since the beginning [1].

[1] https://ethereum.org/en/whitepaper/


Been presenting on and teaching the technology for 7 years


OK, so you just don't like Ethereum? Why "garbage to fools"?


It started as an ICOs selling off utility tokens. ICOs have a broken incentive structure which leads them to over sell and hype the technology to increase the founders wealth. They are still overselling and hyping future tech that has not been proven. PoS is advertised as a free lunch PoW but PoS does not stand up to scrutiny and likely devolves to PoW with nothing as stake grinding. Vitalik has also put his name on and pumped countless ICOs which have left bagholders with nothings.

Ethereums tech is based off scaling bitcoin in an more ambitious way than bitcoin maintainers consider safe. Ethereum is still PoW and every client must download and validate all other clients smart contracts. This does not scale and leads to centralisation. Removing the most important property of these networks designed to be controlled by no one group/person. Smart contracts and decentralised exchanges are the goals of a decentralised network but Ethereum has sold the idea before they have the technology to achieve this.

Ethereum has excelled at regulator arbitrate. It looks like it's not controlled by one group so it's not regulated like a company. But one group controls the rules and the hard forks on the network. It is a success in this way


Sounds like he's talking about tokens, rather than an honest blockchain built from scratch with no rewards for the developers other than creating innovative technology. Without a premine/instamine/devtax, there's no need to shill the coins, or care much about the price.


These arbitrary distinctions don't help the asset class either.

There is just as massive of a graveyard of dead chains because the dev teams could not exchange time for food and shelter.


can you provide an example of a dead coin that featured real innovation without rewarding its creators?


There is no way for this to be a productive conversation if ‘real innovation’ can always be a goal post to move. The other side of that is that I don't remember, none of this has been relevant since 2016 which is half a decade ago now. Just trudge bitcointalk for defunct chains and find one that you liked the roadmap of.

There is a more quantifiable trend of market tolerance in this asset class for what founders can earn.

You have an extremely antiquated view of what that can be, the impractical charity developer building a product that the communities adores and spawns into a very active network. That pretty much never happens as the dev needs to use their time to exchange for food and shelter and nobody else picks up the baton.

Following that, devs attempted small dev taxes of 1-2%, the market barely tolerated that for some years, and it also wasn't good enough to fund development

Following that the market tolerated larger preallocations of 30%.

Then it tolerated fund raises where developers kept funds raised and large preallocations, similar to equities.

Then it tolerated even more where low float assets are now commonplace, with developers keeping upwards of 99% of the asset created, keeping the funds collected, and have unlimited issuance capabilities.

But there is no hard line in the sand, and not everyone has an uncomfortable relationship with money such that arbitrary thresholds determine what a founder “deserves”. It is obvious that being able to actually pay a dev team has done much more for the speed of development in this space than harping on about some irrelevant ideology. You might find it surprising (okay now I am being facetious, but it still has to be said to highlight the inanity of your last decade view), but the entire industrial era has the same aspect based on paying workers closer to the value they provide at the time and thats the only model proven to work in an economy.


I was about to say that Grin tried that and nobody has heard of it... then I saw the username.


Reading that twitter thread, and HN discussion here, I am again reminded how the whole startup scene looked before dotcom crash: insane valuations, lots of scammers, and what little utility there is, it's mostly for illegal means. (If you're saying that there's no real utility in Bitcoin, you really should google Hydra).

But don't you wish you bought Amazon stock right after IPO?


Good point. But for every Amazon back then there were hundreds of Pets.com.


Don't forget the corollary: when do you wish you sold the Amazon stock you purchased at IPO?


wasnt it obvious to some people back then who the real companies were, and all it took was everyone else catching up to speed to understand who the real companies were?


its very similar.

now, as was then, people are investing in tech they don't understand and in some cases tech that may not even be buildable. :x


He forgot a point: exchanges are the house, and the house always wins.

Want your token to be traded on an exchange? You'll pay a fee, you'll do all the integration legwork for them pro bono, and then they'll skim money off of all the trades on your token in perpetuity.


Thankfully there are now DEXs which are super cool.

uniswap.org


Thank you for reaffirming my point! If you want your token traded on uniswap, you'll write the integration code pro bono, you'll pay a fee (a transaction fee to deploy it), and Ethereum miners (who run uniswap) skim transaction fees off of your token trades in perpetuity.


There's no "integration" code-once your token is on the blockchain if can be traded on uni once there's enough liquidity.

Using the network is not "skimming" transactions.


My code must conform to whatever programmatic interfaces that the exchange provides, even if they are not a good fit for the token's intended purpose. So yes, there is integration legwork that I the developer have to do.

> Using the network is not "skimming" transactions.

Sure it is. Users are paying a different token to miners (not me) to use my app's token. Tell me, if users are given the choice between transacting in both ETH and the ERC-20, or transacting only in an ERC-20, would they ever willingly do the former?


Your argument is: don't use the internet because electric utility providers are profiting off you.


Unlike electric utility companies and ISPs, users don't have a choice in the underlying blockchain.

This is more like Microsoft forcing people to pay for Windows when they buy a PC, even if they will install Linux.


So clearly every token should have its own exchange.


I didn't say that. I'm saying that it's another unanticipated burden of building out a crypto project, which is what this twitter thread is going on about.

EDIT: Also, sure, why not own the exchange too if you can swing it? Less middlemen taking a cut from your revenue.


Add to that: 16.5 You will be demonized by everyone except those that participate in what you build. 17. Every dollar spent on dev didn't 40x in ETH over the last year, or 400x in some other things. 18. Centralized gatekeeping of the "decentralized" projects both in coin ranking sites and exchanges. 19. Constant and never ending copycats and straight scams impersonating your brand. 20. People duct-taping coins onto what you build and stealing your users (ala sushi vampire attack on uniswap.) 21. Advertising is banned everywhere for you (reddit, facebook, youtube, google, etc) Caveat: Founder of #14 on nomics.)


> Every dollar spent on dev didn't 40x in ETH over the last year, or 400x in some other things.

Yes, but thats why you collect a ton of other people’s money in token sale revenue to begin with!

You have larger than normal overhead costs, but still larger than normal earnings


I see lots of people in the thread, including the author, that have avatars with glowing eyes. Can someone explain what this is about? Is this some sub cultural thing?



How do you read the content of this website? Everything jumps around as you scroll.

https://streamable.com/ymqe1c


The content stops jumping if you stop scrolling. That is how I was able to read the content.


Ah thanks :)



Thread poster is a Bitcoin maximalist, and thinks all crypto projects that are not Bitcoin are scams.


It’s a really immature bitcoin maximalist meme.


I don't know if its just me but Bitcoin maximalists and their stupid laser eye has a cult like vibe to it.


I feel the same. Not something I want to be associated with at all…


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