* What an incredible transformation that London has seen; the city then was surrounded on all sides by fields. But still through this transformation - and also through the Great Fire, the civil war, the World Wars - it's still recognisably London.
* Notice several casualties that the city's been dealt, including 1. the old - and imho far more beautiful - London Bridge (https://www.golakehavasu.com/london-bridge), 2. the old city wall with all the gatehouses still intact, 3. Baynards Castle which was destroyed during the Great Fire.
* The two arenas at the bottom of the image were for bull and bear baiting - for betting and entertainment. We've come a long way as a society.
* Charing Cross monument was still there, which surprised me. A quick search shows there's been a cross there since the 13th century (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_cross).
You can get a print copy which is a nice gift.
It phased out during the Renaissance; when they failed they were rebuilt without houses. Remaining ones, like the ones in Venice and Florence, have been kept around more as tourist attractions than real sites of commerce.