All the fingerprint comprises is a bunch of abstract statistical data about the music, its not qualitatively different from the output of say, a visualisation algorithm in a music player. Just much more useful.
But then again, copyright law makes no fucking sense, so who knows.
In any case, even if this was technically a copy, I can't imagine this possibly failing the fair use test.
- game: a baseball game is not a "work" under the Berne convention
- cast credits: they are descriptive, but not derived from the movie.
One of the criteria to assess "fair use" is "was anything creative added in the process of making the derivative", which is per definition not true in the checksum or fingerprint case. I don't find your argument compelling - it's not a closed and shut case.