> Speaking solely as a person who is really into encrypted messaging, it terrifies me that they're going to take this really clean story of an encrypted messenger and mix it up with the nightmare of laws and regulations and vulnerability that is cryptocurrency.
Moreover, there are three other points I'd add:
1. I don't like "do everything" apps like WeChat or Line. One of Signals strengths was UX that focused on it's core competency. Early in Signal's development they would add privacy features. Lately they have been adding social features. This, however, feels especially out of left field and likely to hurt the UX.
2. This smells like dev resources will be spent building and maintaining something not related to messaging.
3. I've always had a "don't let perfect be the enemy of good" rationalization that gives Signal autonomy to grow a privacy centric messaging app despite the deficits (e.g lack of federation). In contrast, I personally associate "crypto" with "scam". There have been so many shady ICOs and pump-dump schemes around crypto. This will taint the product for those of us who don't think of crypto currency as being anything more than pump-and-dump schemes and a way to buy dab rigs online.
This is intentional and relates to Signal's growth in the past few years. It's not "a hacker tool for nerds" it's "a friendly, easy to use chat app with stickers & voice messages (also strong encryption)."
IRC does one thing and does it well, and barely anyone uses it. The "clean technical vision" story isn't enough on its own.
Otherwise, agree with the thrust of your statement. I believe getting Signal into the hands of more users is an overall net good and if stickers are the answer then get to making some stickers.
I think we’re violently agreeing.
Except it's not, strong encryption and privacy emphasis goes against easy to use. I recently got my family to switch to Telegram (because I like the interface) - my sister works in an environment where she has to have a separate work phone without a camera and everything synced up out of the box, history, etc. Brother lost his phone - same thing, has chat histories and everything is back to normal. I use Telegram on desktop and mobile and it synces instantly.
Compare that to Signal, you don't even sync between active devices and you can forget about having old conversations on a new device. And just to give you a scope of how important messaging history to people is (I've seen people say nobody cares about IM history) - designer from work is lugging around her Android phone year after switching to iPhone just for WhatsApp history (it doesn't sync between OS-es).
> you don't even sync between active devices
I use Signal on a phone and a laptop, switching between the two frequently throughout the day and see the same conversations on both. (Edit: I realised you probably meant multiple phones, yes I see that's not yet supported.)
>and you can forget about having old conversations on a new device.
There's been a manual, secure transfer process between Android devices for years. More recently they've added an easy OTA transfer process for Android->Android, or iOS->iOS.
Here's the iOS announcement: https://signal.org/blog/ios-device-transfer/
I've had multiple issues with this before I gave up on Signal, it wouldn't show history when I initially paired up even when importing forever, then randomly stopped being connected and required me to pair again (losing everything on PC again)
> There's been a manual, secure transfer process between Android devices for years
Doesn't help much when you lose your phone.
I guess what I'm trying to say for most people the value of having your chat messages hosted in the cloud > security.
I have a smartphone that I control. I have a desktop computer that I control. I use an application on both computers that lets me send secure messages between device. The application somehow can sync new messages but refuses to let me import old ones. How insane is that? But apparently integrating with cryptocurrencies was above that in the todolist.
Signal is clearly a great protocol, but man is it seriously in need of a great implementation...
>But Marlinspike and Goldbard counter that Signal's new features won't give it any control of MobileCoin or turn it into a MobileCoin exchange, which might lead to more regulatory scrutiny. Instead, it will merely add support for spending and receiving it.
Oh, that's going to be a recipe for a great user experience again. You can send MobileCoin super easily... after you've gone on some crypto exchange platform to trade a highly speculative asset into one of your wallets. It's basically like Venmo indeed.
Stickers on the other hand are something that does attract many casual users and has no security implications.
Payment features... I think it's a bad idea for many different reasons but it might attract many users if it's not too complex.
Frequently messages aren't even synchronised between those two or they're out of order. Also, the desktop client itself is a bit of a joke.
I don't see how these relate. Signal isn't explicitly aimed at high security targets, although it works for them (seeing the Snowden endorsement). Signal is about bringing encryption to the masses. Making E2EE the default choice for everyone. Is is much more about mass surveillance. Your sister has a different threat model, one where they are also concerned about the physical device being compromised (i.e. stolen, hacked, or being physically accessed).
These are different threat models. For E2EE for the masses you need things like stickers and for it to be "fun" in addition to being a tool. In your sister's threat model she's more concerned about the tool over the fun part. It is a work phone after all (I mean this is why they take out the camera).
E2EE for the masses is pointless if you can't appeal to the masses. Cypher nerds will always have their fun toys to communicate with but we are also in dire need for something that prevents mass surveillance. That is, after all, one of the fundamental necessities of a democracy: being able to speak your mind without fear of government spying/involvement (this is the reason they got funding from Radio Free America in the past). Unfortunately this means some compromises need to be made. But as far as I'm concerned Signal has done far better than any service I've seen and the relative leak is near zero. The weak points are SGX and pins, which only hide some minor metadata (even fully leaked this would be better than WA or Telegram).
Signal should in theory also be able to just sync/backup everything to the desktop client, this would largely solve the inability to transfer between Android and iOS issue.
I don't understand why such basic quality of life improvements have yet to be implemented, especially since they are especially desirable for less technical users.
Yes there are sacrifices and trade offs for the security signal offers and it’s not 100% as convenient as Facebook messenger in that regard, but it’s also not 100% as cumbersome and impractical as GPG email. It strikes what I consider a decent balance of being secure and private and usable enough for non-technical users. Yes the message history story is lacking, I lost my messages moving iPhone to iPhone because I did it wrong and yeah it made me sad for a moment but I’m philosophical about it I guess. Dust to dust and all that.
Sadly, Signal's developers don't think trade offs exist
Facebook would have no trouble funding a basic iCloud-GDrive bridge if there was enough demand for it.
happening right now as a test
You can get away with this when you're the established player, but when you're the new guy every annoyance is a reason to revert to the previous app.
Of the three (WhatsApp, Telegram, Signal) I find WhatsApp to be the worst from a UX pov and Telegram the best.
Personally, I find this exodus of users from WhatsApp to be a good thing even for no other reason than having to deal less with their UX.
Signal is not much better UX wise, but at least it gives hope of being better because they have to compete and because they are open source. If they fail to bad at growing the project or providing the infrastructure, someone will eventually fork and setup a separate network. WhatsApp has no pressure. It is in Facebooks interest to eventually migrate everyone to FB Messenger.
or just respect reasonable limits?
Does it make sense to destroy one feature for the illusion of having both?
Elements.io and telegram (to a much lesser extent) are safes. You place something there and it is locked. Signal, whatsapp, et al promise to be safes, but as soon as you place something, a hidden camera scan all the documents and print copies in a hidden printer at your home safe.
Would you trust that safe? would you still even call them safes? Yet some product manager/marketer convinced you that these are essential features for a "easy of use safe".
Telegram stores all history (except secret chats, which are a pain to use) server-side and effectively unencrypted.
The whole "not available in the US" messaging around MobileCoin, no doubt to avoid regulatory attention, gives this particular ponzi scheme a very nice ring.
I, for one, welcome this; the larger market is asking for a privacy-focused WhatsApp alternative, and Signal could be it.
I don't like using SMS for 2FA because it encourages people to social engineer the phone company to port the victim's phone numbers. I wouldn't want crypto in my messaging app for a similar reason.
Right now hacking a user's Signal account means you get some txt messages. Big deal. With payments there is now real reason to try to hack Signal accounts because some percentage of them will contain money.
Just FYI but those Stellar drops are worth over 500 USD right now.
The counter argument would be seeing the success of WeChat in China and wanting to reproduce that success AND expecting that if they don't do it someone else will do it and take their market.
Whether that's true or not I don't know but if I believed it was true then your arguments wouldn't matter since I'd believe not doing it is an existential risk.
In contrast, any crypto-currency based solution will be inherently distrusted, and few if any states will endorse it. It is more likely to be actively discouraged by many states, and the crypto support may well end up as a pretext to ban Signal on economic rather than censorship grounds.
It is overall a disaster of an idea.
In such cases, Signal could easily be banned in such countries outright.
It's only when you're transferring them back to dollars/yuan/yen/etc. that it's suddenly currency from a government.
Technically, yes. Legally and sociopolitically, no.
And if you intentionally muddle the data streams, that brings the full force of anti-money laundering, tax evasion and terrorist financing law against you. It gives almost any government a free pass to do what it wants.
Freedom to speak privately is, in most democracies, popularly recognised as a right. Freedom to pay using dark money is not. Attaching the second to the first weakens both.
Bitcoin Core (the software) is not registered as a money transmitter anywhere in the world, its developers are fine and never got into any trouble.
We agree. There is a legal difference between a custodial exchange and noncustodial wallet. Just as there is a difference between a non-money messaging system and a noncustodial wallet. The comment you are responding to concerned itself with the latter.
The promotion of pseudonymous and anonymous digital payment systems such as cryptocurrencies is vital to a healthy and functioning society.
There are also entirely anonymous cryptocurrencies with no readable public ledgers. Everything is still decentralised, no centralised control of any kind, but you can't see what people are doing (Monero and Zcash being good examples. Signal uses Mobilecoin, which still needs to stand the test of time).
There is still a long road to go before there is a fool proof anonymous, liquid, consumer friendly, usable cryptocurrency, but it is the last bastion of defense against complete total state and corporate surveillance. - One of the greatest threats to human life, on par with climate change.
Your use of the word "craptocurrency" is rather childish and naive. Eventually you will take a closer look at the situation and reconsider. Good luck
I will leave this https://www.theengineroom.org/dangerous-data-the-role-of-dat...
What all these "tech" companies tend to do is to exploit a captured audience. They are generally not focused on doing one thing well (producing a product or providing a service), they are more focused on building a following and then doing with those users whatever they like. One of the most blatent examples of this line of thinking is Microsoft's acquisitions. They acquire companies in order to get access to users. The "technology" is secondary. Another example is WeWork. They started introducing WeEverything. The product or service being offered is what is important. It could be anything. Instead the focus is on building an audience and exploiting that captured audience. One can apply this analysis to almost any "tech" company. "Growth" is the number one focus. No one really cares about what it is the company purports to be selling.
### Linux Requirements
- CMake 3.1 or higher
- OpenSSL => 1.0.2 (Optional)
### Linux CMake Configuration
The linux build can be configured using the standard CMake flow with a few options
cmake -DBUILD_OPENSSL=true \
I associate nootropics with scams but I definitely don't think all nootropics are scams. If someone said, here buy this pill that will make you smarter I'd be incredulous.
My point was cryptocurrency has a deserved bad reputation (for the reasons I mentioned).
I love the lofty ideals but the reality is the altcoin world especially is a minefield of scams. That reputation will hurt a messaging app that has done a pretty good job of building good will.
There is no valid reason for the vast majority of what is supposedly a currency to be owned by the company that created it. Imagine if PayPal launched but required everyone to transact in fractional shares of PayPal to get anything done. Oh and by the way, those shares are majority owned by the founders, but they’ll sell you some so you can send them to your friends.
This is ridiculous.
So far this scheme has worked out fine for the original creators of Ripple-- who've extracted hundreds of million selling their massive premine to an ignorant public, then abandoned the original and did it again. What we're seeing from signal now is just a third generation of the same scheme, preempting the ripple founders from doing it again (or maybe they're involved behind the scenes, who knows?).
So long as there seems to be no consequence except a massive windfall (SEC fines against ICO/premines have tended to be a fraction of 1% of the funds raised), it's unsurprising to see them continue.
The fact that it may kill one of the more useful secure messaging apps as a side effect? Welp. This is why we can't have nice things: Collectively, we're better at funding borderline scams than public goods.
If one wishes to subject their wealth to the whims of a massively centralized cartel of "rationally self interested" HOLDers, maybe it's better to deal with the devil(s) one knows.
Surveillance on daily spends is not valuable. What's valuable is things connected to your identity, specifically associations with other individuals and companies.
The vast majority of people simply don't care about this. I mean I have a hard enough of a time to get people to care about privacy-centered messaging apps. Getting them to even begin to comprehend the myriad of cryptocurrencies and the confusing space of DeFi is simply not going to catch on. To them, there's really no benefit outside of "number go up" and so-called store of values, which conveniently have the nasty side effect of requiring users to do their own OpSec. That's actually harder than you think.
And that's not even accounting for how scam-ridden the entire space is to begin with. Who can they even begin to trust? Seems like an oxymoron for a trustless system, when the fact is they aren't even sure if they can trust themselves.
I find it mildly hilarious too, that places like BNY Mellon and JP Morgan are exploring cryptocurrency storage options. Now we are back to "trusting" those darn evil banks everyone gets triggered about.
See how weird this rabbit hole gets?
If I created a coin today and sold 1% of the supply to you alone, on what basis would you want to store any value in that currency? Given constant buy demand, The currency's market value is defined by what I do. This is why organic price discovery for a currency is important.
That’s the problem.
If Signal was serious about this they would have launched their own fork instead of pitching a pre-mined coin to their users.
Agreed. They either would have launched their own fork and distributed the vast majority to their users, or at the very least chosen an existing project that was fairly well distributed.
This makes me believe they primarily did this in return for an incentive from Mobilecoin.
Marlinspike's been an advisor to MobileCoin from like... the beginning. The article also notes that neither he nor Signal own any actual MobileCoins.
> MobileCoin has not yet paid Signal anything for integrating MobileCoin. We intend to donate a great deal of money to Signal over the coming years.
I'm pretty sure more than one WikiCoin has been pitched too.
Also feel free to read anything by the Basecamp guys (yep, the guys behind Rails).
It won't get you or the investors (another) yacht, but there exist a number of companies that delight their customers and change history far more than many attempted unicorns.
This commingling of business interests means there's more angles of approach, and much more risk exposure.
For all the criticisms of cryptocurrency (and I have many...), I don't particularly see anything on MobileCoin's work that indicates the usual shady cryptocurrency stuff. I'm not sure it belongs in Signal, but I do think this stuff can be evaluated without people starting conspiracy theories.
A bunch of decently well of people decided to do a few handshake deals to make each other a whole bunch of money. That's how most of the world rolls so this is simply par for course.
This statement would work better if that's what I was doing, but I'm not.
You (and nobody else) on this thread knows for sure what's going on there, and if Moxie's been advising MobileCoin for years I don't see how it falls under a handshake deal.
There is nothing to indicate that he, or Signal, are directly profiting from this, other than some MobileCoin people saying they want to donate to Signal (which is a good thing - I'm really not bothered by that particular point).
> I love Signal and I started MobileCoin to help fund their work.
I don't see how it's a conspiracy theory that this is a backdoor way of funding Signal when the CEO literally says that MobileCoin was created as a way to fund Signal.
Is it potentially a bad business model? Yeah. Is it necessarily some backdoor funding deal? I dunno, I don't really buy it.
I find it conspiracy-theory in nature to assume otherwise; I think it could've been handled better from a server source code side but I don't really see why this has to be an assumed bad faith thing.
If Signal had built this themselves, in house, nobody would bat an eye.
You're stretching hard here.
What value do you provide? at least when I buy vbucks from Epic I know I'm getting fortnite skins with it.
Why should we run a node free of charge when you extract all the profits of our efforts?
When I see statements like "there's no economic incentive."
I read "I want all the profits, and screw everyone else".
If you genuinely wanted a decentralized network, then you would provide fair compensation for the added value the node provides against attacks on the network.
more of the same cryptocurrency themes:
1. decentralization for Thee and not for Me
2. regulated by math.... aaand the developers' / founders enormous, unaccountable and unilateral leverage over liquidity.
E.g. the only cryptos I've seen people accepting on dark web markets are Bitcoin and Monero.
I'm not a fan of PoS because it looks like a ponzie scheme (unless it's done like eth where initial distribution is done via mining)
This is actually worse than PoS, because PoS uses standard public key cryptographic to validate ownership of coin in the chain to stake, it at least in theory can achieve "trustless" validation.
This on the other hand is just a shitty attempt to outsource database maintenance to untrusted 3rd parties, using SGX, while forcing them to pay for S3 hosting because they can't implement a DHT to do proper decentralized file transfers.
But don’t the calculations equally assume coins spread out across multiple addresses aren’t owned by one person, when in fact they often are?
Yes, and I do say that. Decentralization is a lot less interesting if most people just end up centralizing anyway.
Almost every bitcoin exchange.
It's typical to pool user funds into a relatively small number of addresses.
That's definitely unfriendly tax treatment. Is it different from the tax treatment that applies to national currencies?
In fact, company stock is WAY worse, because the majority of people are legally prohibited from investing in private companies unless they're an accredited investor (already rich). So, only rich people (other than founders and early employees) are allowed to buy in at super low prices before handing off the bag to the public.
Cryptocurrency removes the underlying asset and simply sells shares of artificial scarcity. It’s only as valuable as what people decide to trade it at, because it doesn’t represent ownership of anything other than itself.
Is there a limit to how many shares a company can issue? No, a board can technically issue shares unto infinity. There is no guarantee of scarcity, no guarantee they will not raise more money.
That company would have value whether or not it was explicitly sold as a stock. The value doesn’t come from the stock.
So when a company has no profit but a high valuation, is this the market correctly discounting future predicted cashflows and giving a company fair value, or is it some sort of scam? Ex: Is NKLA actually a $5.2b electric vehicle company? How about the spade of Chinese IPOs that ended up being vaporware?
Cryptocurrency removes the underlying asset and simply sells shares of artificial scarcity.
The scarcity isn't artificial. It's mathematically provable, open source and auditable. If you think you can manufacture "fake" btc on the blockchain, feel free to try. If you think you can successfully fork and create a whole new chain, you're also welcome to try.
It’s only as valuable as what people decide to trade it at, because it doesn’t represent ownership of anything other than itself.
This is actually factual for anything in existence. A piece of bread. A $100m painting. You're starting to figure out what peculiar creatures humans are.
The scarce asset is the company, not the shares. Yes, they can issue more shares, but those shares still represent the same company plus the new investment money raised by raising the shares. They're not creating more company out of thin air when they issue more shares.
EDIT: To clarify some misconceptions in the comments below: When a company sells more shares into the market they are not simply diluting away existing shareholders. The keyword is that they are selling shares, meaning they take money in exchange for shares. The company's value increases by the amount of money they take in exchange for the sale.
Example: If a company is worth $1,000,000 and has 1,000,000 shares outstanding, each share is worth $1. If the company decides to sell another 100,000 shares and the market buys them at $1/each, there are now 1,100,000 shares outstanding and the company is now worth $1,100,000 because they took in $100,000 of cash via share sales. Existing shareholders have not lost any money or value.
No. Your shares were _diluted_ by the company issuing new shares. Now your 100 shares are worth half as much. Shares have predicted forward value embedded in their valuation. When you buy a share, you're betting that company will continue to grow. If it's having to raise money and issue new stock, odds are it's struggling with cash on hand. Maybe the bet will work out for you. Maybe not. Stocks are gambling, though, don't let yourself believe otherwise.
That's not correct. A company sells shares in exchange for cash. That cash is owned by the company, which is represented by the shares.
Companies can't simply dilute away their shareholders like you're suggesting. The money raised by selling shares doesn't simply disappear.
Yes, they can and yes they do, all the time. That's not only precisely how VC funding works in the early stages of a startup raising seed money and subsequently doing Series A, B, etc. that's also how public financing works via new share offerings on a public marketplace like NYSE or NASDAQ.
GameStop is about to do precisely this very thing: https://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory/gamestop-finally-a...
The cash they receive has no forward value. $1 will be worth $1 in 10 years. When you buy shares, you are betting on future value. When a company trades new shares for cash, it is trading some portion of its future value for cash today.
Not only that, but the cash on hand can disappear rather quickly (after all, they are raising it to spend it) depending on the company's expenditures, cost of new customer acquisition and whether its growth strategy is working or not.
Also, shareholders are the last to be compensated in the event of a bankruptcy or liquidation. Bondholders take preference.
The concept of "pre-money" and "post-money" valuations exist for precisely this reason. You can read more here: https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/difference-between-...
If a company raises $1mm on a $9mm pre-money valuation, the company is now worth $10mm ($9mm valuation + $1mm raised) and the extra shares correspond to the $1mm raised.
Onwership is diluted on a percentage basis, but the Series B and C investors didn't steal value from previous investors through dilution. There are more shares because there is more money in the company.
No, the company is worth it's last share price x number of shares outstanding. A company is worth what the market will pay for it, not for what some bean counter guesses is the value.
Yes, they didn't "steal" value, they traded cash for present and future potential value.
That cash doesn't just get parked in a bank account (it gets spent) and the company valuation isn't static, it changes based on market perception all the time.
You are thinking in snapshot accounting terms and not in real market valuation terms. Dilution typically causes price per share to fall unless growth is outpacing the dilution significantly.
Did I get diluted?
They absolutely can. When you buy shares, or exercise options, in an early stage company the documents clearly specify that the shares can be diluted, which is how it's on solid legal footing.
If a company sells 100,000 shares at a dollar each, the company is now worth $100,000 more because they now have another $100,000 on their balance sheet. No value is lost in this process.
> This is why a stock will tank when a company talks about diluting their existing shares by creating new shares out of thin air.
Companies can't just declare that more shares exist and dilute away shareholders like you said. They either issue them as stock based compensation, which is an expense, or they sell the shares to buyers, which means money goes toward their bottom line.
You're confusing percentage dilution with absolute diluation.
The shares represent the value of the company. The value of the company has increased by the amount of money raised. Each share represents a lower percentage of the company, but this is offset by the fact that the value of the company has increased by the amount of money raised. The shares have not been diluted on an absolute value scale.
Owning 10% of a company worth $1mm is the same value as owning 5% of a company worth $2mm.
If you own 10% of a $1mm company that raises another $1mm by selling more shares, you now own 5% of a 2mm company. Your percentage ownership is diluted, but your value has not been stolen.
This is basic pre- and post-investment math. Shareholders are diluted on a percentage basis, but not on an absolute basis.
I care how much of future profits will be returned to be, which does depends on the percentage I end up owning. A round needs to enable a bigger gain than the fraction it dilutes everyone.
Issuing new shares is not always a good move and sometimes it might cause investors to lose money and percentage ownership, but sometimes it might be a good move and result in investors gaining money (though still getting their ownership diluted).
HAHHAHHAHHHAHAAAA come on man.
Every Bitcoin represents 100,000,000 tradable assets. If there are 30,000,000 Bitcoin in circulation that means there are 100,000,000x30,000,000 individual assets available to hold and trade. Do the math, and then realize that we’ll arrive at the heat death of the universe before Bitcoin is ever actually scarce.
Bitcoin has a fixed supply, Bitcoin's daily rate of creation cannot be increased or decreased unless everyone agrees to it.
He's referring to the grandparent comment's definition, not yours. The GP's definition is:
>>Early adopters mine or buy large proportions at negligible prices while late adopters mine or buy negligible proportions at large prices.
By that definition, anything that goes up in value is a "multi-level marketing pyramid scheme".
Depending on the voting rights embedded in the share, your ownership is likely meaningless. It doesn't guarantee you rights to dividends necessarily and even if it does, the company can just choose to never issue a dividend (like Amazon). It doesn't necessarily grant you voting rights for the Board of Directors either. Worse, you have to go through a 3rd party broker to buy a share or trust a company like Robinhood to hold your shares for you. As we saw with GameStop, they can rug pull on you at any time. With decentralized cryptos like BTC & ETH, that can't happen from your own private wallet. You can always transact.
Cryptos such as BTC & ETH are provably scarce, not artificially scarce. You can validate supply at any time by running your own node and joining the network. You don't need anyone's permission to do that. It's a public blockchain.
ETH is probably not the best example here because they have rug-pulled people with a hard fork.
"People" here being criminals that exploited a flaw in the DAO, yeah?
The code is the contract, enforced by a decentralized network of actors. Of course that network can at any point change the contract if the majority of them agree to do so – how else would it work? The key is that there is no way for individual actors to modify contracts at will – you need consensus. It's the difference between oligarchy and democracy.
What was forcibly altered? Perhaps the meaning of "force" is different for you than it is for me.
 Yes I know that wasn't the real reason why trading was halted
The sentencing of criminals in republics is very removed from democratic action (see drug criminalization).
Show us the votes, then. Did a majority of miners and/or coinholders vote to hard-fork?
Yup, and I don't want public votes to decide the amount of money I have.
Unfortunately, there is no alternative. The value of what you have is decided by what people are willing to pay for it in markets. If people decide that they value the forked ETH that doesn't provide the money to the people who stole from the DAO more than the version where those people have all of the money, then it is going to be more valuable. You don't escape this problem with fiat either.
Basic market mechanisms like this are pretty much inescapable.
As I said, there is no escaping market mechanisms, as value is market contextual. Certainly, there are assets with more or less stable value, but that is still due to the whims of what people (ie. the "public") are willing to pay.
If I'm, say, from a persecuted cultural group, I'll want to keep my wealth in an asset that has the same value whether I or someone else own it. Precious metals fit this bill better than both fiat and public-ledger cryptocurrencies.
That's not true. The shares still represent a claim on the underlying company.
If someone wants to acquire the company, they have to compensate you for the shares that you hold.
Companies can't simply wave a magic wand and steal value from shareholders. There's more to stock ownership than voting rights.
No because the company's income doesn't come from selling more stock, but from selling valuable products. (Companies that don't have actual revenue are indeed multi-level marketing pyramid schemes and there are some of them around, but they're the exception rather than the rule).
That kinda smells pump and dump like to me. Lest we forget, the end of the previous bull runs in 2013 and 2017 wiped out some people that made bad investment decisions (and there's no guarantee another black swan event won't happen again in the future). Not to mention, whenever there is news of someone losing their wallet keys, Bitcoiners breathe a sigh of relief, knowing that that's one more person that has to permanently HODL. Gross.
Yes agreed. Though I would add that this is a paradigm shifting technology, so there may be something substantive underlying all of this Bitcoin hype.
As for crypto as a whole, Ethereum has real world use cases, like stablecoins and NFTs, and an extensive multi-pronged development effort to expand its capabilities, in particular scalability, that cannot be dismissed as mere hype.
Just on the basis of fee revenue alone, and the assumption that this turns into income for ETH holders once the platform switches to Proof-of-Stake, Ethereum's current valuation can be justified with only the assumption that its price-earnings multiple will match that of relatively mature and low-growth industries like electronics.
Adding to this, unlike Satoshi Nakamoto, which I believe to be the alias for a team and not a single person, Vitalik Buterin at least is not shrouded in mystery and is out in the open. I'll give credit where credit's due. He's pretty upfront about his pet projects.
I don't share your enthusiasm for stablecoins and especially NFTs, though that's an entirely different can of worms.
For now, I'm happy to see where this all goes as I watch from the sidelines and not capitulate to FOMO. Yet so far, I can't help but feel that the market effects surrounding the ETH network is nothing but grifts and rich-on-paper showboating. Plus, my God those gas fees...
the integration with signal made the valuation of mobilecoint jump from around zero to 65$. I hope the signal team got some mobilecoins in return for the favor.
except for that giant cache of untouched (so far) bitcoins from the start.
> Blockchain analysts estimate that Nakamoto had mined about one million bitcoins before disappearing in 2010
Just in terms of avoiding confusion, you might want to reach out to mixin.one to try to replace that document with one that clarifies that the design outlined there was not used? Or publicise the actual design a bit better? (I couldn't find a link to this repo on the MobileCoin website, which is why I searched for the whitepaper elsewhere in the first place).
/me glances at the great big pile of Satoshi coins...
Except for that small initial 1 million that stayed with Adam
I believe that everyone has a fundamental right to secure, private communication. Some people may hold the same belief for the right to transfer funds. I don't agree and I suspect many others feel the same. That tension alone makes this look like a bad decision to me.
Sadly, now it feels like Signal was just a long game trojan for Marlinspike to onboard users to a cryptocurrency pyramid scheme. This has nothing to do with its core functionality and it makes me question the developers' motives.
I've wasted my influence with my non-technical friends convincing them to adopt Signal, and I don't forsee convincing them to switch yet again to something different.
The state of secure messaging is really bleak. I wish Matrix had an IM-style client that was decent enough for non-technical users to adopt.
This has bitten me before. Now I'm thinking that every recommendation and suggestion to adopt must come with a "for now this is the best way to do it, but it will probably change again". And somehow try to prepare the non-technical people for that.
Except for Matrix, because it is decentralized.
See Element  which uses Matrix . It feels like IM, and is super simple to onboard new users. I'm not involved with it, but I'm a huge fan of the Matrix ecosystem.
If you want group chats to be mixed in with 1-1 chats, try SchildiChat , a fork of Element.
Have you tried fluffychat on android? Or any of the other clients https://matrix.org/clients-matrix
Fundamentally, Element "feels" more like an IRC client than a typical IM client like Signal. It isn't focused on direct, one-off, or small group communications (this isn't a technical thing and it has nothing to do with federation, it's simply the UX paradigm that Element has adopted).
The SchildiChat fork looks promising, although it's clearly too early to recommend it. It's not even available on the Google Play store, which makes it unsuitable for non-technical users.
At the risk of sounding like a Signal simp: don’t use this feature if you’d don’t like it? I have no idea whether this is a good or bad idea, I figure the proof of the pudding is in the tasting and I haven’t had a chance to try the signal payments feature, but I’m willing to extend the benefit of the doubt here at least as far as “I’ll withhold judgement til I can try it for myself.”
I really don’t get the ire on this. I think it’s good that whisper systems is forward looking and trying to be innovative and dynamic and go where users are rather than just sit around waiting to become irrelevant. Not all experiments or risks will pay off but that doesn’t mean risks and bets are bad.
How do I prove that I didn't use it? And why on earth would I want a messaging app to put a target like that on my back if I'm not even using the feature? With this feature, the likelihood of someone demanding access to the app grows from almost zero to pretty significant.
Is it really that hard to imagine unobtrusive UI that makes this as optional as sending GIFs, stickers or location data? Or did the later features already kill Signal for you?
Signal for iOS still doesn't support message backup like the Android version.
And Telegram introduced a feature to import old Whatsapp chats into new Telegram conversations, a form of "backup". This was great when I was migrating away from Whatsapp, and made the decision between Signal and Telegram easy for casual conversations where encryption wasn't a priority.
What are the arguments?
Don't you think that as data becomes more and more valuable, "freedom of transaction" is a natural evolution of "freedom of communication"?
In an environment where only "legally valueless" data circulates freely, the few entities that are actually able to monetize this data become gigantic monopolies (Google, FB, ...), while most individual parties are either forced to play by their rules (Youtube, Patreon, ...) or filtered out by startup costs.
The whole issue is a real minefield and I don't have a firm stance. And obviously the fiat money system has gaps and flaws there too. I'm sure much of the HN audience would disagree with me here from a libertarian point of view. But I think it's safe to say that the issue of transaction privacy & freedom is not as straightforward as that of speech (which itself is really not that simple).
They are in WhatsApp, too. At least Facebook still claims that after the Snowden leaks :) And: Did you verify this? Did you check the source code at signal's android/ios client repo? Did you also verify that no untrusted third party receives your backed up private keys?
Why do you trust Google more than Facebook? 
I'm not trying to troll here. I'm trying to point out that babbling about crypto is easy. Verifying it, and actually caring about it is another thing. Most users are probably also the wrong audience for early adoption of TOX.
How is using Google for domain fronting for the purpose of censorship circumvention "trusting Google"? They don't get to see the message content (just like Facebook doesn't see the content for WhatsApp).
> Did you also verify that no untrusted third party receives your backed up private keys?
Private keys are not backed up in either service, as far as I know.
> Did you check the source code at signal's android/ios client repo?
Given the lack of reproducible builds on iOS/the app store, any source code audit is pointless if the app vendor is included in your threat model.