Weird paper. Reads like a survey of the state of the art from a decade+ ago. Many of the things mentioned are already mature areas of focus for startups and major players in the industrial robotics space. Many startups are working on the portability, ease-of-integration, and ease-of-use problems . Cloud-oriented tools tailored to robot, line, and facility level health-and-status monitoring (even beyond the capabilities typically provided by SCADA systems) have been available to buy from major players for a long time . I know Big 3 automakers have been toying around with integrating collaborative robots for years (and another OP already mentioned Rethink). Simulation tools run a pretty wide range of usefulness and market penetration, from first-party tools like ABB's RobotStudio or Fanuc's ROBOGUIDE to tools in the ROS stack to Nvidia's ISAAC simulator .
To be fair, I only scanned it but I did not detect the hints of anything useful except for those who are entirely unfamiliar with the industrial manufacturing and robotics space.
(I took 16.001/16002 though I was never a course 16 major; learned a ton of interesting stuff but probably the most useful thing I learned was that different fields have utterly different Weltanschauungen)