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Star Tek–Exploiting the Final Frontier: Counterspace Operations in 2025 (1996) [pdf] (theblackvault.com)
57 points by halturing 34 days ago | hide | past | favorite | 15 comments



Anyone interested in this should check out the new Space Force document SpacePower https://www.spaceforce.mil/Portals/1/Space%20Capstone%20Publ...


This is a genuinely fascinating read. Thank you for sharing.


>"Gravity Gradiometer

System Description.

Gravity gradiometers are instruments and systems that detect mass density contrasts. Recent gravity gradiometer research has focused on sea-based submarine detection applications. This concept goes several leaps forward and proposes its use in space as a passive detection system.

Concept of Operations.

With multiple gravity gradiometers located on multiple satellites in orbit, approaching “foreign bodies” can be passively detected. Data and measurements gathered could be combined with data from other detection devices in Kalman filtering or data fusion algorithms to enhance detection and even identification probabilities."

This is interesting, the concept of a Gravity Gradiometer.

I did not know that these existed, before reading this article.

The following seems to be a good (albeit, somewhat commercial) page about this technology:

https://www.lockheedmartin.com/en-us/products/gravity-gradio...

These are apparently supposed to be used in space, from a satellite, and are supposed to measure data about the earth.

But, I'm wondering (from a purely theoretical basis) if a "Poor Man's Gravity Detector" could be created...

Postulated theory of operation: Use two waves (they could be beams), two frequencies from the electromagnetic spectrum, and measure the time they take to cross (bounce back) from a specific distance.

The idea would be that a lower frequency beam -- would be more affected by gravity than a higher one (although, perhaps this would be reversed, I don't know, experimentation is needed), and that any microscopic difference in the amount of time for the beams to be reflected might indicate the presence of higher or lower gravity.

Of course, the prerequisite to creating something like this would be to have a way to test it. That is, first create a device that creates a miniscule amount of gravity (which I wouldn't know how to do -- although one guess would be that large amounts of a heavy metal would generate a microscopicly increased gravity field around it (like a milimeter away from its surface); for example, a large ball or other object made out of iron...)

Anyway, an interesting article!


You might be interested in reading up about torsion balances, it's a scientific apparatus designed pretty much specifically to measure gravity. And indeed usually you test it (or the force of gravity itself) by using a couple globes of a large mass nearby. The device is sensitive enough to where you can't really be in the room while testing it since your gravitational field is larger than the stuff you're measuring.

Of course a torsion balance really only measures the direction of the gravitational field on a single plane, not its force or total direction.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torsion_spring#Torsion_balance


It's an interesting article.

The gem of this article (in my opinion) is the "Animation of a torsion spring oscilating":

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/...

Why?

Well, that's one potential mechanical analogue candidate for the vibration/oscillation patterns in EM waves (although, there could be, and probably are, many others, i.e., longitudinal waves, spiral waves, etc., etc.)

But that video represents one potential mechanical analogue candidate, among others...

Anyway, thanks for the link!


Nice observation. And indeed with a little work a torsion spring makes for a great analogue for waves of all sorts: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DovunOxlY1k


Thank you for this link!

The part starting here is particularly interesting to me:

https://youtu.be/DovunOxlY1k?t=507

Why is that?

Well, because a long time ago, I built an extremely low-power battery operated DC Tesla Coil.

It worked, but the one thing I could not figure out was why the coil with the small number of turns, the coil that typically encircles the long coil with the many turns, why this coil with smaller turns -- had to be positioned a slight distance up the many turns coil, and not either directly at its end, nor at its middle.

Well, this video, at the point I've noted, explains the answer why.

It also explains the relationship between frequency, length of resonator, and ability to create larger amplitude waves via additive superposition, that is, the ability of one wave, travelling in one direction, has the ability to add to the amplitude/crests of another wave travelling in the other direction BUT IF AND ONLY IF THEY ARE IN PROPER ALIGNMENT!

Which, incidentally, is the principle behind how a laser works (in addition to a Tesla Coil!).

Also, there's the knowledge here that we can change the frequency to match the resonating coil/cavity/resonator length/etc., OR we can change the resonator length/coil length (in a Tesla Coil this is accomplished by moving the smaller outer coil with less turns on it) to match the frequency.

So we can choose one to adjust to match what's needed by the other.

Now, if say, a Tesla Coil is storing energy when in operation by additive/constructive interference / wavefronts adding and increasing amplitude in antinode positions, then it makes me wonder if the phenomena of electronic capacitance (i.e., a capacitor, or inversely, an inductor, which is really just another form of coil) works via waves (of some sort) adding up...

Unfortunately, at this point in time, I have neither the equipment nor the knowledge nor the experience as to how to undertake such an experiment...

So, I'll leave that question for scientists or future scientists -- and/or myself in the far future (disclaimer: I am not an official "scientist" <g>) -- to answer!


Worth mentioning that this dates from not only a time when the US space program remained a going concern, but also the same period of US military thinking that produced, among other hilarities, the failed OICW "smart rifle" program whose most famous output has proven to be the HK XM8 fish gun. It's accordingly worth being a little generous in your interpretation, the work having been written a highly eventful quarter century ago.


OICW was just way too early and optimistic for its time, large military arms manufacturers are now producing and integrating “smart scopes”, DARPA has shown real world tests of trajectory adjusting munition.

And the technology for the air burst munitions form OICW is fielded today.

For the primary gun itself there was basically no real way to put in a range finder and a good ballistics computer using late 80’s to early 90’s tech. Then the mid 2000’s came out and smart scopes started to become a thing which now even the likes of HK and SIG offer.

OICW also kinda made the same mistake as the G36 and that was integrating the scope and targeting system with the rifle rather than offering a truly modular platform that can be upgraded.

The G36 had a good optic for the mid to late 90’s but by the mid 2000’s it became very much obsolete, replacing it in the field in case of damage was also found to be near impossible so HK quickly switched to making pic rail G36’s especially for export as their clients weren’t going to pay a huge premium on a 90’s optic that is inferior to a bargain bin red dot and a magnifier setup or an LPVO.

Reading the pdf it actually came quite close to reality, many of its predictions came true in one shape or another. Even direct energy weapons are out of the lab these days and are fielded in limited capacities, in the next 5-10 years even airborne direct energy pods like the one being developed by Lockheed Martin will be fielded.


The XM25 air burst grenade launcher from OICW was fielded temporarily for evaluation but then the whole program was cancelled. Apparently it was too heavy and seldom useful.


I wasn’t talking about the XM25, the air burst programmable round from the OICW and ACSW was transferred to 40mm grenades now in use in the MK47 and the M320.


Very interesting. Pardon my ignorance, but what is a direct energy weapon?


"Directed energy weapon" is essentially the more technical way of saying "death ray". Lasers, microwaves, particle beams, that sort of thing.



I think they're referring to directed energy weapons: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directed-energy_weapon




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