> At the same time, externally supplied manuscripts should resemble genuine manuscripts if they are to be accepted for publication, so paper mills need to balance their requirements for efficiency and volume with the requirement that their manuscripts also appear to be genuine.
the paper doesn't say too much about the state of research around CS / BigTech related topics. I have been browsing arxiv (and arxiv-sanity.com) for more than a decade and doing so on at least a weekly basis for work and to satisfy my private curiosity. My interest are mostly classic CompSci topics and Security. The genre seems increasingly polluted by papers which can only be described as BS research.
You can usually smell the bad with a few simple rules that help to know what to look for. It increasingly feels like dumpster diving in the domains around AI/ML. My partner who is in healthcare tells me that medicine is even worse whenever I complain (though I have no evidence for it other than anecdotal).
 Hanson 1999: Efficient Reading of Papers in Science and Technology: https://www.cs.columbia.edu/~hgs/netbib/efficientReading.pdf
recent (published in the past month) random examples of what falls IMO into the category of BS papers (these aren't outliers but are becoming the norm!):
P4-to-blockchain: A secure blockchain-enabled packet parser for software defined networking: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016740481...
Security & Privacy in IoT Using Machine Learning & Blockchain: Threats & Countermeasures https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.03488v1
REST: A thread embedding approach for identifying and classifying user-specified information in security forums https://arxiv.org/abs/2001.02660v1
Artificial Design: Modeling Artificial Super Intelligence with Extended General Relativity and Universal Darwinism via Geometrization for Universal Design Automation https://openreview.net/forum?id=SyxQ_TEFwS