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Both Berne and WIPO have produced multiple treaties, which go well beyond the notion of "guidelines", and are ratified by signatories within their respective national frameworks (e.g., ratified by the US Senate, as with the Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988).

The actual legal code conforming to treaty requirements is a matter for countries to write and adopt, but generally that's occurred.

So, disagreement in part with your categorisation of WIPO/Berne as "guidelines", which I feel grossly understates their status.

China is a member of WIPO: https://www.wipo.int/members/en/

The Berne Convention of 1971 (I'm fairly certain this is supersceded in at least part) does not appear to include authorship or originality in its properties of covered works:

The expression "literary and artistic works" shall include every production in the literary, scientific and artistic domain...

https://www.law.cornell.edu/treaties/berne/2.html

Though article 3 provides that protections apply to "authors":

https://www.law.cornell.edu/treaties/berne/3.html




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