- Wishful cost and schedule "estimates" as a precondition for project approval.
- Feigning of current technical expertise as a job requirement for management.
- Hiding of real issues by lower management, for fear of a "shoot the messenger" reaction by upper management.
- Regulatory capture.
- The allure of the "plausible deniability" defense, ever-rising with ascending level of management.
The highest levels of management involved are of course boards of directors, and national legislators. And when was the last time any of us heard a "mean culpa" from either of those?