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What scientific work has Carmack done?

This was downvoted, so I figured it must be obvious. I googled but as far as I can tell, Carmack is an engineer not a scientist. No formal scientific training, no scientific work.

The word you're looking for is academic. Carmack hasn't done academic work, but he has done plenty of scientific work. Scientific work is no less scientific if it isn't published in an academic journal. Academia doesn't hold a monopoly on the scientific method.

No, I mean scientific. What scientific work has Carmack done? I'm genuinely interested, because someone called him a scientist but I thought he was an engineer.

Are you in doubt that Carmack has used the scientific method to do anything? [1]

If not, does your definition of scientist require something other than doing work using the scientific method? Perhaps some specific quantity of work?


[1] One of his companies, Armadillo Aerospace, was pretty much just a series of scientifc experiments. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armadillo_Aerospace

Thanks for the explanation. We could debate whether that’s science or not, but I don’t think it’d be particularly productive and we’ve already gone a bit off topic.

Final thought from me - I was thinking about your post and it is indeed difficult to discern science from engineering. One dichotomy that occurred to me (which may not hold under close scrutiny) is that scientists are interested in _the pursuit of truth_, whereas engineers are interested in _building things_.

Peers of the field can consider the correct motivation an important requirement as you hypothesize with the pursuit of truth. Also the quantity of work can be important to some, i.e. how much do you have to sing until you're a singer? Not clear at all, especially when considering all the actors in Hollywood who dream of being successful. People might say they suck, but I haven't encountered criticism that wants to strip them of the title actor.

Overall I think it comes down to popular opinion, which can be fuzzy and doesn't apply the same rules to everyone. If enough people say someone is a dancer, then they are a dancer, even if they suck and don't dance that much. This applies to basically all titles that cross institution boundaries. Another great example is countries. Popular opinion determines which organizations are countries, not a strict definition. For example the EU vs places like Iceland or San Marino. [1]


[1] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_lj127TKu4Q

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