Since the line is completely automated, you can sit at the front or back and get an unobstructed view of the tracks/tunnel.
If you're into trains/trams (like a certain founder of Pied Piper), it's worth checking out.
The OP article is from 2017, and likely has more up-to-date numbers (they claim a final construction cost of $6.9B). It is true that there were major cost overruns with Barcelona's Line 9, but not to the degree the Libre Mercado article implies.
More generally, readers using the Libre Mercado article as a source should be aware that Spanish media is extremely polarized on the question of Catalan independence, far more so even than current US media polarization. The Libre Mercado article is a product of that environment and reads as a hit piece on the pro-independence Catalan leadership.
On a personal note, I'm back in the US now but I used to live on a Barcelona L9 stop and the line is really nice. Fast, quiet, frequent service, ergonomic station design—OP is right, more cities should be copying it.
- there is only 24 out 39 stations in nov-2019. The projections of my source are for the full line, when L9 north and south should connect.
- they ran out of money and finally they found an investor with another €750M. https://www.lavanguardia.com/local/barcelona/20180823/451412...
May be it’s a great engineering achievement, but please don’t take it as an example of financial execution.
> Another issue of the Barcelona Line 9, is actually cost.
> The Initial estimates for the Barcelona Line 9 pegged the cost at around 2 billion Euros (3 billion CAD), but actual construction cost turned out to be 6.927 billion Euros (10.3 billion CAD). Per kilometre, that’s 145 million Euros (216 million CAD).
Also consider inflation. If a project is 5 or 10 years late, simple inflation can blow up reported budgets by large fractions. When people report that California High Speed Rail will end up costing $100 billion, like 30-40% of that is simply counting inflation-adjusted costs at the time of expenditure for the extended timelines. But most people think that's $100 billion in today's dollars.
My rule as a voter is that once a project is approved, I'll vote against or oppose any modification to the project, even if I didn't want the project or would really like the modification. I realize there are often rational reasons for modifications, but in public works the risk of burning too much time is simply too high. No project will be perfect; just get it done, already. If it made sense in year 1 when approved, it should make as much sense in year 20, otherwise it should never have begun.
The guy has been found to hold foreign accounts with astronomical amounts. That's not even controversial, he's more or less confessed, but he's not jailed yet after years of investigation and mountains of evidence.
Still that's not 3%, but multiple 100%'s.
(I'm a Torontonian.)
I wonder if air resistance becomes a problem with such small tunnels.
If you want to discover precisely what the Bay Area is missing when people talk about "culture" - Montreal has it.
Note: I'm a 30+ year Bay Area native.
I'm curious what set of criteria could possibly take into account all the cities of North America and lead to such a conclusion. Montreal and NYC are not even remotely similar.
I no nowhere else on the North American continent that has as much nightlife (except Miami), as many restaurants (except NYC), as many universities (???) and young people (???) and just "stuff to do"
The city has a very lived-in feeling and great architecture. Completely the opposite of California.
But to live in Montreal is another ball game. Shops close at 9. On weekends by 5. Never ending construction. Old noisy apartments. Crazy drivers. Badly marked road signs.
The only good thing I have experienced so far is the metro system & the underground city.
I am not sure you can call it 'culture', but I find Québec is culturally friendly to "white French speakers"
All you need to do is learn “I’m sorry, I don’t speak French - but I’m learning!”
There are more, but here is the latest:
Some typically french lower class neighbourhoods have xenophobic francophones, but in the last 15 years they have moved off the main island or in the far east boroughs (Riviere des Prairies, etc.).
If you're on the actual island of Montreal, it's unlikely you'll face any problems for not speaking French. I've known dozens of people immigrate here speaking only one language and adapt fine.
I spent a few days there and by the end of my time was conducting the entirety of my simple shop purchases in French, despite not having studied it before.
Those are the facts. Now for my admittedly biased French Canadian opinion: it makes a lot of anglophone Quebec resident very sour because they’re very unwilling to learn the language of the majority of people living all around them. Of course this is a gross generalization but this gives you an idea of the issue. It is very complex and discussing it in HN comments is almost hopeless.
And it's gotten worse under the CAQ recently. A French PhD holder was denied immigration status because a chapter of her thesis was the language of international study, English, so she didn't complete a course "entirely in french".
Denying government services to a chunk of the population based on language is bizarre, especially when such extreme measures are asked for out of others to accommodate French outside of Quebec.
"Between 2006 and 2011, the number of persons who reported that they were able to conduct a conversation in both of Canada's official languages increased by 350,000 to 5.8 million. The English‑French bilingualism rate within the overall population went from 17.4% to 17.5%."
"The growth of English-French bilingualism in Canada was mainly due to the increased number of Quebecers reporting that they were able to conduct a conversation in French and English. Quebec accounted for 90% of the net increase in the number of bilingual persons between 2006 and 2011. In fact, 71% of the net increase in English-French bilingualism in Canada is attributable to the population with French as a mother tongue in Quebec, in particular to the population aged 15 to 49."
"In Quebec, the English-French bilingualism rate increased from 40.6% in 2006 to 42.6% in 2011. In the other provinces, bilingualism declined slightly. The largest decreases were recorded in Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia, where in each case, the bilingualism rate decreased by half a percentage point."
You might as well say that quebecoi don't want to
learn the language of the rest of the country.
The word "Canada" has had multiple meanings which have been thoroughly perverted. Technically, Canada is not a country per se, rather it is a federation. Canada referred to the nation of what were later called "French Canadians" long before English settlers came. This  map from 1579 uses the word Canada almost 200 years before the English conquest. The process of nation building was underway a _long_ time before any English settlers joined. The English appropriated the name (and the flag, and the national anthem) for themselves and promptly outlawed giving or receiving education in French in _all provinces except Quebec_. Some are still fighting against it _to this day_. These facts would not be disputed by any party at he national assembly because... they are facts.
So did the English not want to learn the language of the rest of the country, even when they were vastly outnumbered? No, they did not (and still don't). Yet for example, they generously split their debt between all of the inhabitants of the federation, at a time when the English were vastly outnumbered yet millions of dollars in debt, and the French were much more numerous yet had budget surpluses!
The Quebecois (Canadiens) have absolutely no lesson whatsoever to receive from anybody. The English minority in the province receives many times more funding than it would pro rata. It is cited by the UN as the world's most well treated minority. You, like a lot of other English Canadians, are merely expressing your disdain for Canadiens. The history of this federation is clear, if only more people would learn about it.
Conquerors always imposes their language and culture to their colonies. British never learned Hindi,<insert lang> of British colony.
Likewise when the French settled, they imposed French rather than learning the many languages of the First Nations people.
Here is "complete nonsense" story about Emilie Dubois
You won't believe how many people from the older generations never went on vacation outside Quebec, because they don't speak English and are ashamed... Even the "real" French from France are mocking them when they get the chance...
It is actually a sad story...
"Quebec kerfuffle over bilingual greeting Bonjour- Hi!"
The world is watching and condemning:
"Toronto council passes motion to condemn Quebec’s secularism bill"
"Redditors Have Made Their Own Hilarious Quebec Values Test & It's All About Poutine"
Those are from the past few weeks only, not from 30 years ago and we have to expose and share the stupidity to push the government to backtrack as much as possible.
Just check this one example, to see the sheer stupidity of the language police:
Quebec has the 2nd lowest unemployment rate (5.0%) in the country.
> Quebec presents $4-billion surplus for 2019-20 amid booming economy
This, even if population growth is less than the other provinces. Am all for debate, but you should update your held view.
This kind of stuff pretty much diminished Montreal and gave the rise of Toronto as Canada business capital...
The separatists’ leaders are racist, but soon they will go away in oblivion, because the young generation knows better thanks to TV and Internet and are open to the world...
The whole world is uniting; EU is a good example (even with UK getting away, which looks more and more unlikely)... There is no room for chauvinism in this century in my book.
Montreal is one of the best cities in the world, largely because of the immigrants settled there, even tough the nationalist governments try to punish them any chance they get...
Ever try to register a company in Quebec? Let me give you a clue, it is possible, but only in French :-)
Montreal city web site, it does have an English section, but the majority of the documents are in French only...
To the extent legally permissible (Québec has a special exemption from a portion of the constitution's minority-language education section), the province takes a model of education where English-education should only be provided to the existing minority, and immigration must bolster the Francophone majority.
All immigrants are prevented, including those from other provinces, all French Canadians as well (unless they have said letter).
As far as I remember from speaking with coworkers from Quebec, there was a loophole as sending your first born child to a private English school ($10k) fro one year and then transferring it to public English school and after that all siblings can go there as well, but I think this is closed now...
At the same time the majority of the separatists leaders children go private English schools...
Only one parent, and they only need the right to have gone to English school, in Canada. Yes this may be made more difficult in practice due to some bureaucratic requirement.