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Sadly space is super complicated and you can't piggy back on these. To land on one you need to precisely match their speed so if you were to do that, you could already go wherever it was going in the first place.

At least it would be a source of materials on the way there.

You don’t need to match their speed necessarily if they are large enough we might be able to bleed off enough kinetic energy to safely collide with them via mechanical means.

If you want to collide with it softly then you pretty much have to go at about the same speed: there are no soft collisions with relative velocities over 500 m/s, and 500 m/s is small when talking about escape velocities.

In short: to have any sort of survivable encounter with the object the relative velocities need to be so small you have essentially "matched their speed". Those last 0.5 km/s you might gain aren't important compared with the 29.5 km/s you need to put in.

Matching DeltaV for a short duration is easier than for a long duration, no? I’m not an astrophysicist, but that seems to make sense to me.

> Matching DeltaV for a short duration is easier than for a long duration, no?

you don't match deltav, you'd match trajectory. you may be able to do that at the cost of more or less deltav, depending on how clever and patient you are. once you've matched trajectory, you'll (basically) stay matched, as you're in space and there's nothing to disturb you.

You match velocity, not deltaV. Since natural objects accelerate only under environmental forces (mainly gravity for something like this), once you match velocity and are subject to essentially the same gravitational fields, you will stay matched (roughly).

I shouldn’t have asked the question while commuting, clearly didn’t explain myself well.

Elsewhere I saw what I thought was the speed of the comet, which was around 69k mph. Didn’t Helios 1 and 2 do something like ~150k mph[0]?

Assuming those numbers are correct (please say so if not), then what would stop an intercept from being technically possible (even if very very very hard)?

[0] https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helios_(spacecraft)

The Helios probes reached those speeds by starting out much slower than that and then falling toward the sun, speeding up in the process.

To actually hitch a ride with another object you have to match their velocity _and_ their location at the same time.

If the object you are trying to catch started further from the sun than you, and was already moving faster than you, then you can't match its speed and location by falling toward the sun: when you arrive at the same location, it will have fallen further than you and hence picked up more kinetic energy per unit mass than you did, and it started off moving faster than you to start with, so it's still moving faster.

No, that doesn't make much sense does it? Delta V is a change in velocity, but comets don't change velocity very much.

That remark makes more sense in the context of missile defence than when talking about space travel.

Sorry, yeah, definitely was very poorly worded. I meant to say:

From what I know from reading on Helios-A and Helios-B, we already have a probe which can go over twice the speed of what I thought I saw the comet is traveling at. So couldn’t the probe match its velocity (dunno why I said Delta V before) to the comet, if even just for long enough to land without total destruction?

We probably could if it's travelling at low enough velocity. But if you match its orbit you're just going the same place at it is anyway, at which point "piggybacking" is just code for "getting some company".

And if you don't match it well enough that you end up roughly the same place you're going to have a fast, and therefore violent, encounter.

s/DeltaV/velocity and trajectory/

Dunno why I said DeltaV, but clearly it was inappropriate.

>you could already go wherever it was going in the first place

Yeah, but we could go to other stars already, in like a zillion years. Voyager is on an interstellar path, although it isn't pointed at a nearby star. If the object has made the journey it might take the same delta-V for us as an interstellar trip, but it would happen a whole lot faster.

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