Since the answer to both of those questions is no, it's more than a PR move.
Just like the water in the “milk” cartons.
They might as well just sell water like Canadians sell milk —in simple plastic bags and then you put the bag in your favorite mug or whatever.
> Each time EPA establishes a standard for a contaminant, FDA either adopts it for bottled water or finds that the standard isn’t necessary for bottled water.
> In some cases, standards for bottled water and tap water differ. For example, because lead can leach from pipes as water travels from water utilities to home faucets, EPA has set its limit for lead in tap water at 15 parts per billion (ppb). For bottled water, for which lead pipes aren’t used, the lead limit is set at 5 ppb.
So it could go in either direction though leans toward tight coordination. Enlightening to know there is more scrutiny there.
That aside, the horrible taste alone should be enough to dissuade people with a known safe alternative from drinking bottled water.
I tend to lose fancy water bottles, so I buy what are nominally single-use bottles and just refill them. I'm sure I get 10-20 uses out of them on average. But I figured my behavior is rare enough that it doesn't matter to the people selling the water.
I don't necessarily feel the same about other single-use plastics -- it's the thin crumple ablebottles that are dangerous.
Your daily refill has minimal dwell time.
I agree that fancy water bottles can be frustrating when lost, but there’s still really cheap bottles that last a long time.
Those steps take longer, but you get a lot more flow when it's open. And you can do something else during the uncapping/capping process.
Ah, the smell of melting plastic bottle caps in the dishwasher.
You're not crossing Death Valley on a mule. You're riding to the mall in an air conditioned SUV.
Drink before you go. Find a water fountain. Heck, slurp out of the neighbor's garden hose. Why are people so fragile these days?
I once read a pretty good magazine article explaining that public water fountains are generally cleaner than most office water coolers. I don't remember all of the details, but in essence, it's because they are regularly inspected by professionals, and the water moving though the pipes to get to the fountain and then through the spigot reduces the chances of contamination. Unlike your office water cooler where the water sits around forever. We have to have a guy come out to de-funk our office water cooler every three months.
Amazingly, people have drunk from public water fountains for thousands of years and been just fine. Spend some time in Rome and watch hundreds of thousands of people drink from tens of thousands of public water fountains all day long, and amazingly the city hasn't been wiped out by the cooties.
The featured article seems to suggest that it's because of the waste created by plastic products, and not the health effects of microplastics
I hope you don't mind if I believe the FDA over a bunch of rumors spread by the same internet know-nothings that brought back measles.
BPA is not the end-all be-all of endocrine disruptors, of course: there are other classes of compounds banned in most of the developed world with solid evidence of harmful effects, like phthalates. It would be useful to check various established OECD health authorities and reputable research before dismissing the danger of endocrine disruptors as "rumors spread by know-nothings".
And if still true for water, hydrolysis will be slowed at a neutral pH.