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What's the battle there? How do physicists define impedance?



Ohm's law is an empirical law that only holds in certain circumstances. A classic exercise is measuring the current and voltage across a lightbulb, plotting it, and measuring the slope of the line. The slope is the impedance. Then you turn up the voltage and watch the line turn into a curve, which is where the law breaks down and doesn't apply anymore. The engineers treat it like a definition and assume linearity over all voltage.




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