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Don't hold your breath. Everyone seems to be predicting huge gains in Javascript performance based on two data points (it used to be really, really slow, and now it's only 5-10x slower than native). But an incredible amount of effort has been poured into Javascript optimization, and it's crawled way up the asymptote, so to speak.

The reason Javascript performance is likely to max out well below that of native code (and even below less "dynamic" dynamic languages like Lua) is that it's freakishly dynamic. JITing dynamic VMs resolving dispatches (this.that) efficiently by making assumptions based on the state when a function (or trace) was compiled. When those assumptions change, they have to fall back and either interpret or recompile. In Javascript, there are a lot of things that can change to break these assumptions (e.g., anything, anywhere, in the prototype chain). Much more so than in more straightforward dynamic languages.

It's also not really true to suggest that optimizing dynamic languages is somehow "uncharted territory" and that we should expect huge gains as people explore the space of solutions. Most of the techniques used in VMs like V8 trace their history all the way back to Smalltalk (and Self, sometimes via HotSpot).

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