Australians, or just over 50% of them anyway, care most about their own pocket, making sure they get money, making sure their house price remains high.
I'm pretty sure a very large percentage of Australians care about the environment at some level, just not more than they care about money.
The Australian government is very much opposed to renewable energy and strongly supports the usage of more coal.
Quite a number do care and I've met some of them, but there's a lot of opposition, especially in rural Queensland.
With regards to the election result - I wonder what proportion of LNP voters are actually just plain selfish? I imagine it's high but there must also be a proportion that are just taken in by the false narrative (I know at least one). There were two massive lie campaigns, one pushed by the LNP and one by Clive Palmer (at a cost of $80 million allegedly), which were amplified by a mainstream media that no longer appears to consider checking whether claims are true is any part of their job.
It seems to have been partly the great expansion of wind power and partly the Large Combustion Plant Directive. Many coal power stations were uneconomic to modernize.
A nuclear plant was commissioned in 2012 but of course won't be ready until maybe 2025, assuming that the UK's exit from Euratom doesn't prevent it.
The move away from coal is much more driven by economics than the LCPD - once wind is built, it will always dispatch before coal, and the UK subsidised a lot of offshore wind build over the past 10-15 years through various mechanisms (ROCs, CfDs, some small tax incentives, historically also state investment through the Green Investment Bank, EIB and arguably corporate "greenwashing" spend).
On top of that, the UK also takes a large share of private investment in green power generation as a result of its reputation as a fair investment destination (predictable legal environment, creditor-friendly insolvency regime, etc) so it's been an obvious destination for private capital looking to invest in green power generation "somewhere" with low risk.
It would be amusing if there was an EU directive at the root of it.