Unfortunately even the US is catching up to this trend where things are portioned out in standard packs (rather than loose).
You can see how different countries have different customs for storing their goods here , this was linked few days ago in a diff thread, but is illustrative.
Apparently you could produce fake bottles for a few cents and get a 5-15x return.
However, at the time at least the problem apparently wasn't so much people manipulating return machines but rather bottles miraculously appearing out of nowhere from within the system (i.e. parties trying to register a bunch of bottles more than once or attempting to remove bottles in-between checkpoints in order to "reuse" them later on).
Also your number is also very specific: Are there non PET single use bottles as well? What counts as recycling anyway. Shipping to China? Burning?
So we're not out of space in theory but in practice it's problematic.
Metal drinking straw fatally impales woman through her eye after fall
Elena Struthers-Gardner, 60, suffered brain injuries when she fell onto an eco-friendly metal drinking straw which impaled her eye, an inquest heard.
Bottles will take out your teeth. Straws and other utensils will damage your palette and throat or an eye.
I think paper straws are a safer solution, alas they don't maintain rigidity well when wet.
While the above is obviously bad, how does it compare with the injury rate from plastic straws? With plastic it would not have been zero.
Being 70% of marine litter is a good argument that there's a problem to be fixed, but banning something only makes sense if there are reasonable alternatives or that doing without is acceptable. Plates and cutlery of single-use plastic have obvious alternatives. Straws are more complicated; here's one list discussing the alternatives: https://earth911.com/food/straw-alternatives/ It wasn't clear to me that the impacts of this proposal were considered in detail; I hope the impacts were considered!
If your car could run without fuel, we wouldn't need alternative fuels!
Realistically though the plastic straws will be replaced by a slightly more expensive, biodegradable alternative.
So there's something out there at least. It was Vio brand, which I think is a Coke or Coke-related brand?
Or the plant product diverts production away from food, making food more expensive?
The trash problem in Manhattan has to do with density and lack of room for dumpsters in semi-public space, so it isn't more trash but just making manifest the same trash problem as everywhere else but on a local scale. This is a good microcosm for politics.
I use next to no paper at work, don't even bring a backpack, and yet use plastic utensils every day. I'm stuff-free except this most basic wasteful junk.
I would like to in addition to banning single use plastics also require that all offices have dish washers, and all take out places allow you to bring your own container.
2010 total plastic marine debris: 4,800k - 12,700k metric tons
2010 EU plastic marine debris: 50k-120k metric tons (Higher than the US by ~1k)
2010 EU plastic marine debris percentage: 1%
2016 EU export of nontoxic garbage to a country in top 10 plastic marine waste: 269k tonnes (a lot missing statistics so wide error bars here)
2015 percent of nontoxic garbage export that is plastic/mixed: ~9%
Probable amount of EU plastic that gets exported to top 10 country: 26.9k - 53.8k tonnes
Crude adjusted EU ranking if 100% of the doubled amount makes it into the ocean: ~10th
Incredibly crude adjusted EU plastic marine debris percentage: 2%
: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do (You'll have to screw with the customizations to get useful statistics)
Whoa, you are telling me can have a measurable, whole integer impact? That sounds like a huge win!
A lot of the ways we solve this problem are going to be <1% at a time. 0.05% here, 0.75% there.
We could say, "this doesn't solve a big percentage of the problem so why bother" or we can meaningfully tackle something as large as 0.5%.
When 93% of the ocean's plastic waste is coming from 10 riviers, those need to be the focus. That doesn't mean ignore the ~7% coming from elsewhere, because this truly is a problem we all need to solve together.
So, yes, there are some big items there. The Yangtze could be 2% - 12% (based on the article's comment that it was roughly half of river trash.) But other rivers are smaller, and we're back into the realm of talking about single integer improvements.
This article goes into the correlation between plastic waste in Asian rivers and Monsoon season: https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15611
That correlation suggests that a large portion of plastic in Asian rivers is being carried into those rivers by rain water, a similar mechanism to how plastic waste is emitted from coastal regions.
Of course there are other mechanisms in play too, such as municipalities deliberately, perhaps illegally, dumping their waste into rivers or off a coast. But a ton of it is coming from ground litter either left directly on the beach or carried to the ocean one way or another by water. Regions with the heaviest rain and the most ground liter are the biggest contributors, as you would logically expect.
Token gestures only placate people so they don't demand meaningful reform.
Just so I don't misunderstand you: You want to go to war with countries that you consider not green enough?
A bit tong in cheek ofc, but showing goodwill can be good for the image of a continent which serves its attractivity and might render its non plastic industries a bit more advance since the path of not using plastic seems clearly ahead (non native speaker here, excuse weird wordings)