edit: One of several examples found in the "Posits: the good, the bad and the ugly" paper linked in the thread : 10.0 * 2.0 = 16.0 in posit8
I'm not sure how 10.0 * 2.0 = 16.0. I'm not sure what posit8 means, but it can only be correct if it switches halfway from base 8 representation to base 10, which is a bit weird, but at least the calculation is correct. (Otherwise it would be so incorrect to be unusable for anything.)
Overall, posits are a new trade-of that will give you better precision (nothing exact, it is still an approximation) when you manage to keep all your number in a small range. Once you get out of that range precision drops significantly (whereas the precision of classical floating points drops gradually).
Posit8 are equivalent to 8 bits floating points (minifloats) making them an easy target for pathological cases but the example still illustrate the fact that, contrary to floating-point arithmetic, multiplication by a multiple of two is not exact with posits (one of several good properties we take for granted and would lose when switching to posits).