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I clicked your link and at first kind of brushed it off as dubious since the only linked source is a press article, but the article is an interview with Ken Silverman himself! So that's pretty credible.

The source of the released game is available, so it should be possible to check, except that it's a huge mess (check out BUILD.C).[1]

Seems weird that no-one has actually verified this when it could be the first game ever doing CSP. The only other sites I can find mentioning it are just quoting your linked Wikipedia page.

[1] https://github.com/videogamepreservation/dukenukem3d

I have no idea how I remember this, but there's a write-up about the Age of Empires netcode (written ~96, released end-of-97): https://www.gamasutra.com/view/feature/131503/1500_archers_o...

Because of the unique challenges, they did a lot of synchronized client-side simulation (based on minimal state transfer over the net).

... and apparently encountered a lot of the issues with doing that (no random anything!!!).

This isn't the same as client side prediction though, the entire game simulation in the aoe case practically runs on every client, where the only input to the simulation are commands that are passed between all players and executed in lockstep, where the simulation essentially stops if for a given turn no command for that turn has been received.

Gives you really low bandwidth reqs (and randomness is still possible assuming you just seed things the same on all machines).

But also means you might have to wait 50-200ms (or some arbitrary sliding window depending on network conditions) until your click actually registers ingame as a move as commands are scheduled to be processed far enough in the future (some number of command turns in the future) that you at that point would have received every other players commands for that given turn and thus be able to execute all commands for all players locally for that turn, which is not ideal if you're playing a twitchy shooter, but alright if it's an RTS.

Here's the quote for those who don't want to deal with the bizarre pressreader interface:

In fact, in some ways Build had even managed to scoop Quake, according to Ken: "People may point out that Quake's networking code was better due to its drop-in networking support, but it did not support client side prediction in the beginning," he explains. "That's something I had come up with first and first implemented in the January 1996 release of Duke 3D shareware. It kind of pisses me off that the Wikipedia article on 'client side prediction' gives credit to Quakeworld due to a lack of credible citations about Duke 3D."

TIL Ken Silverman was 18 freaking years old when he started working on Build.

I feel a bit mean to all involved in linking this but at the same time it's an extremely interesting piece of history; check out GEORGE.TXT, found in a leaked alpha version of Blood (another Build engine game): https://tcrf.net/Proto:Blood/Alpha_Demo#GEORGE.TXT

Damn. Well, that _does_ sound like something a 18-year old would do!






Wow, there it is!

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