No. Hyper threading was introduced in Feb 2002. The original single core athlon 64 was Sept 2003. The x2 was 2007.
Also Netburst was not that bad. It was a dead-end, yes, but on some markets it could compete with what AMD had.
Plus implementing SMT is not necessarily extremely easy compared to SMP, especially when you evolve designs.
And anyway, Intel shipped HT way before AMD shipped the Athlon 64 x2...