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In Python you can write it like this:

  if      a < b: x = -1
  else if a > b: x =  1
  else:          x =  0
Which a lot of people seem to hate for some reason, but I always appreciated the compromise between terseness and clarity.

Python has its version of the ternary operator as well. It may look unusual due to the different order of the operands, but it works quite nicely, in my opinion:

  x = (-1 if a < b else
       1  if a > b else
This emphasizes the possible values that x may be assigned to.

I agree, the ternary style is better for this sort of variable assignment situation. Usually if I am using the above pattern I am calling different functions as the result of the conditionals.

Python uses the `elif` keyword if you want to place an `else if` on one line. And column indentation isn't very "pythonic", apparently.

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